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Paper代写-Michael McFarland on the social responsibility of engineers

2017-09-13 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

本篇Paper代写-Michael McFarland on the social responsibility of engineers讲了企业的目的是寻求利润。在一个自由的社会,没有什么问题。人类获得更高的生活水平,减少贫困,环境更加清洁,持续发展是最终目标。本篇paper代写由51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。


Friedman believes that it is hypocritical for businesses to talk about social responsibility. The purpose of business is the seek profit. In a free society, there is nothing wrong with it. It is the ultimate goal for the human beings to obtain higher living standards, less poverty, cleaner environment, and continuous development. However, it is impossible for all the human race to work on the same thing, which is neither efficient nor realistic. Therefore, each of us is assigned different roles and tasks in this society. Some of us work as engineers and scientists dedicated to problem solving and exploration of untouched areas of knowledge. Some are with the tasks to help people, such as the environmentalists, the police and the doctors. Others have functions that make the lives of people easier. For example, the development of business creates a booming economy and manufacture products that improve people’s lives. It is the pursuit of profit that makes the businessman so good at their jobs. Talking about social responsibility for business is a deviation from the original purpose of it. 

McFarland shares a similar point of view on the dedication of roles that an engineer should have compared to a businessman. However, the nature of the engineers’ jobs is to create and build things that can help improve our lives. Therefore, they must be held accountable for whatever product he deigns. Scientist are of the same nature, but engineers have a much bigger responsibility since their products are so widely used in our society. There should be a sound system that can track the responsibility in the design of a product, so that engineers would be more conscious about the safety issues when designing the product. In addition, when engineers spot a design defect with their expertise in one product which can cause potential harm to human lives, it is his or her responsibility to report such defect for the authorities to make amends before accidents happen.

Friedman, M. (2007). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. (pp. 173-178). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-70818-6_14

McFarland, M. C. (1986). The public health, safety and welfare: An analysis of the social responsibilities of engineers. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 5(4), 18-26. doi:10.1109/MTAS.1986.5010051

5)Explain the safety concerns in the 2010 Toyota Prius and Lexus HS250H models.  Are the design engineers morally responsible for the resulting accidents?  Why or why not?

Braking problems were caused when the Lexus and Prius vehicles switch between the traditional braking systems and the electronic recharging system. The Toyota company claimed that by software adjustments the problem can be solved. Such problem is originated because the different systems installed on the vehicle are not compatible with each other. While the two systems switch between each other, there is a gap in the middle when the braking system fails to work. Although it was only a very short period of time, vehicles travel at high speed cannot afford such malfunctions.

The design engineers are not responsible for the problem. With the traditional braking systems and the electronic recharging systems both working find on its own, it is difficult to point fingers at one or a group of responsible engineers. It must be understood that a vehicle is the combination of a lot of subsystems, each with high levels of complexity itself. When the system is grouped together, there has to be a systematic way to test problems that are not present in the single systems. the Toyota company should have designated a group of system engineers that specialize on the system compatibilities. Therefore, it was the system that was at fault, not the engineers. Furthermore, Toyota admitted that they were aware of the Prius braking problems, and made adjustments on the assembly lines trying in vain to solve the problem. They have underestimated the seriousness of the problem and were pay for their mistakes after the government found out about it.

7)Do we owe it to our employer to be loyal to our work? Why or why not?

No, we do not owe it to our employer to be loyal to our work. Before explaining the answer, it is important to have an idea of what loyalty is. Loyalty to the work it the deliberate commitment to defend and maintain the best interest of the employer, even when sometimes it conflicts with the interest of our own. 

The demand of employee loyalty is a violation of human rights. When an employer and an employee come into employment agreement, there are written terms that the employee should meet certain standards of performances and bear an amount of responsibility for work. However, there is no clear term demanding the employees to be “loyal” to the employer in any form. All the responsibilities and tasks come with a boundary, which cannot be surpassed without violating basic human rights. It is the freedom of a man to choose whether to be loyal to an employer or not. Such loyalty should not be compulsory. 

Second, loyalty can only be established in a natural way when both sides have a sense of responsibility for each other. It would be inappropriate to discuss about employee loyalty without mentioning employer responsibility. The responsibility and trust of the employer is the basis of any employee loyalty, without which the notion of employee loyalty is unsubstantiated and unrealistic. The promotion of one sided loyalty is not only unfair, but also making the employees vulnerable to the employers’ unreasonable demands.

Lastly, the idea of loyalty is no longer fit in the profit pursuing business world nowadays. It is common to mix up the idea of be responsible for the job, and being loyal for the work. The former is essential for any profession to do a good job and excel in the career; while the latter focuses more on the interpersonal relationships between the employer and the employees. Such an emphasis would weaken the efficiency and reliability of an established business system. Relying too much on the loyalty of staff would weaken the accountability of a company, for people trust words more than they do facts and numbers.

Elegido, J. M. (2013). Does it make sense to be a loyal employee? Journal of Business Ethics, 116(3), 495-511. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1482-4


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