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英国paper代写-Toward a Constructive Disabled Community

2017-06-19 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

本篇英国paper代写-Toward a Constructive Disabled Community讲了长期以来,残疾问题被认为是身体,情绪或认知障碍。就残疾的心理特征而言,由于这些障碍,残疾人容易产生消极的自我认同感。因此,难以提高社会对残疾人社区(Cologon)的作用的充分意识。本篇英国paper代写由51due英国论文代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。


Introduction

The problem of disability has long been considered as physical, emotional or cognitive impairments within the individual. As far as the psychological characters of disability are considered, disabled people are prone to develop a negative self-identity thanks to these impairments. Therefore it is difficult to raise adequate awareness of the role of society in disability community (Cologon). When it comes to talking about issues surrounding disability, the classic movie character Forrest Gump is the first thing that springs to my mind. Fictional character as he was, Gump’s life experience was portrayed far from imaginary. All the setbacks and misfortunes he faced are most likely the real-world obstacles that disabled people have to overcome consistently. Why is it important for our society to support disabled community and how to help those in need of support to address these worrying problems? These primary concerns have become the two prominent parts of various disability studies. My goal in this paper is to discuss the reasons behind the importance of supportive attitudes towards disabled people and to suggest some ways that are conducive to not only personal growth but also a harmonious society at large. By conveying the primary claim in this paper, what the paper aims to achieve is to appeal to wider audience the notion that society should make every effort to support disabled community because disability is a societal problem instead of an individual one. In order to deliver the main message of the paper, the first step is to understand what truly disability is by creating an atmosphere of sympathetic understanding. The paper uses author’s own words to interpret and convey the importance of recognition of disability issues.

1.A Societal Problem or an Individual Problem

The value of difference in society has been marginalized. The prime example is the devaluation of disabled members in a society which could result in high economic, social and psychic costs (Rembis 22). The alienation and marginalization that disabled people constantly feel is derived from not only the fact of being devalued, but also from good intentions of ordinary people as they interact with those impaired (Loewen and Pollard 9). Disability issues should not be treated as an individual concern but a societal problem instead.

Disability has been broadly defined including a wide range of conditions and impairments which have been viewed typically as negative, individual problem. The diversity and number of the world’s disabled population have made it difficult to construct a shared culture or a collective consciousness (Rembis 23). Therefore, seldom have unequal social relationships which can greatly impact the wellbeing of disabled people from psychological and emotional development perspectives been taken into consideration. However, little awareness has been arisen on the effects of disability which can touch everyone and disability is unavoidable at some point in life, when we age, when we interact with disabled people or care for our families. The deep reasons behind the prevalent indifferent attitude can be largely attributed to the nature of medical perspective. Under this model, disability is treated simply as impairments that have to be fixed properly so as to make it fit in with the society (Cologon). It is undoubtedly true that those who suffer from this type of charitable exclusion usually face higher psycho-emotional stress.

Disability activists, however, hold society accountable on this issue. They argue that physical, emotional or cognitive limitations are not the primary causes of problems facing disabled people, society’s indifference and exclusive atmosphere are the one to be blame (Kroeger 3). Hunt once claimed that impairment on function and the resulting effects are not the principal causes of the problem of disability, it is instead the relationship of disabled people have with ‘normal’ people that is more decisive on this matter (146). Society’s response to disability is rather reactive; especially the majorities are judging this problem from a privileged position. Instead of actively embracing the diversity, we passively accommodate it (Kroeger 3). Even though the barriers that disabled people encounter are acknowledged, including access to education, employment, social support and public services, the devaluing of disability is not uncommon to see in various media platforms (Cologon). Disability is more about the economic and cultural obstacles that disabled people face than merely the physical, mental or intellectual impairments.

2.Where Do Changes Begin?

Disability Rights movements have long been striving for social justice and dignity for many disabled people and these call for actions are not solely political or social, but also reflect the lived philosophy of personal growth and struggle of disabled people. Law and regulations cannot be the sole answer. Instead, change of perceptions along with the improvements on practical matters should be the key in solving this societal problem.

Change must begin within the disabled community. Even though much of the world’s disabled population suffers in unfortunate poverty, disability does not inevitably doom the failure of a person (Rembis 24). Once they break from the confinement of perceptions as being useless and burdensome, start to accept the disabled identity and bravely reach out for support and understanding, there will be a positive turn in their consciousness enabling them to live life on their own terms (Rembis 24). Disability can be interpreted as ordinary, respectable or some challenging opportunities. Thus people with impairments are at the front line to choose how they understand their situations and how they live their lives (Loewen 13).

Living on the sideline of society is not necessarily a negative consciousness; living with an apparent lack of access to social support and economic resources is the problem. This is when efforts from society-wide participation come in. To provide access to those in need, business communities, governmental agency and institutions can play a significant role in supporting the disabled people and facilitating their everyday life. To begin with, companies should always care about the basic facilities on their own premises especially the easy access for wheelchairs. Companies specialize in elevator producing should make sure that every single product they design and produce meet the disabled-friendly criteria of the convenient and comfortable use for disabled people; the insurance companies should expand the range of their insurance products to cover all the necessary service for disabled people without unfair discrimination; the construction companies should cooperate with the developer, bear in mind the disabled-friendly principle in building real estate and make every effort to provide disabled people with convenient and equal access to amenities. Secondly, governments should give preferential police to disabled community with regard to employment and education opportunities. Focus on ensuring the convenience of disabled people, government should make wiser city planning such as easy access around public area like gardens and sport centers, make infrastructures and public facilities such as parking area more accessible for those with disabilities. Governments, especially those in underdeveloped countries, should give the priority to address the issue of disabled communities rather than leave those effects of disability unsolved. Finally, universities, non-profit associations and institutions can make a positive influence on this societal problem. Universities should focus on helping disabled students and provide all kinds of necessary facilities for them. For example, universities can establish some official help stations, such as husky help organization, and organize some campaigns to promote harmonious relationships between students and disabled students. These activities shed light on the importance of building friendship with disabled classmates and on the positive influence that can bring to campus. Also educate students about the negative consequences of rude and unfair treatments to those with disability. Universities should also strive to create all kinds of resources for disabled students, such as the easy-access map to all kinds of buildings. Therefore, different participants in this societal problem could bring their unique yet collective contributions to solve this social concern.

3.Conclusion

Social exclusion and discrimination is a major issue surrounding disability community. In a society that is not catered for people with different needs, effects of disability are unintentionally magnified. If disability becomes accepted by the wider community as an indispensable part of the diversity of humanity, it can become a descriptor instead of the source of problem. All those changes, whether they are proposed or have been in place, are closely connected to the development of minority conscience and a shared culture and help reform view of disability. To solve the societal problem which has deeply rooted systemic causes, changes must extend beyond perceptions and structural ‘best practices’ to address the social and economic inequality that disabled people experience throughout their lives. 

Works Cited

Cologon, Kathy. “What is Disability? It Depends Whose Shoes you are Wearing: Parent Understandings of the Concept of Disability.” Disability Studies Quarterly 36.1 (2016): n. pag. Web. 22 May 2016.

Hunt, Paul. Stigma: The Experience of Disability. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1966. Print.


Kroeger, Sue. “From the Special Issue Editor.” Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability 23.1 (2010): 3-4. Web. 22 May 2016.

Loewen, Gladys, and William Pollard. “The Social Justice Perspective.” Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability 23.1 (2010): 5-18. Web. 22 May 2016.

Rembis, Michael A. “Yes We Can Change: Disability Studies-Enabling Equality.” Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability 23.1 (2010): 19-28. Web. 22 May 2016.


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