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Paper代写:The origin of the roof garden

2019-11-29 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

本篇paper代写- The origin of the roof garden讨论了屋顶花园的起源。屋顶花园作为园林设计的重要类别之一,近年来发展迅速,形式多样。西方的屋顶花园建造开始得早,大多都是和当地的历史相关,其起源可追溯到古代文明。对于屋顶花园,最早的记载就是古巴比伦的空中花园。古巴比伦的空中花园并非悬于空中的花园,而是由多层金字塔形的平台堆叠而成的。每一层的外廊内部有卧室、洞府、浴室等设施,台层上种植了花草树木,用台阶联系上下。这些平台种植了当时的各种柑橘类植物,还有种类繁多的植物群落。经过长期的发展,如今的屋顶花园已经由单一的绿化装饰功能逐步转变为综合总能,既追求生态效益又追求经济效益。本篇paper代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

roof garden,屋顶花园起源,paper代写,英国论文代写,代写

As one of the important categories of garden design, roof garden has developed rapidly in recent years with various forms. The innovation of roof garden is developed on the basis of inheritance, therefore, understanding the origin of roof garden is conducive to better exploration and innovation. The cognition of roof garden in China and the west is different, so the design form is also different. Learning from each other in China and the west is conducive to inspiring contemporary design scholars to create.

In recent years, rooftop gardens have sprung up all over the world, and interest in them has grown. What is a roof garden? What is the history of the roof garden? Roof garden can also be called roof greening, including all buildings in a broad sense of the roof design and greening design, that is, according to the specific conditions of the roof greening plant configuration, to provide a certain amount of sightseeing and rest space.

Oumei called the Roof garden "Roof garden", Japan also called it special greening, building space greening. Our country and roof garden similar terms and three-dimensional greening.

China has a long history of gardening, gardening skills with the gradual development of theory, but planting trees, flowers on the roof of a large area, creating a garden is rare.

During the spring and autumn period in China, the king of wu fuchai ordered the construction of a gusu terrace on the edge of taihu lake, about 300 meters high and five miles across. Beautiful flowers and trees were planted, and an artificial lake was built for the emperor to go boating. Gusu terrace is considered to be the earliest roof garden discovered in China. After the reform and opening up, China began to carry out systematic research on roof gardens, and sichuan province was the first to start greening and planting.

In the early 1960s, the practice of planting agricultural and sideline products on the roofs of buildings began to appear in some Chinese cities, which caused a sensation in the country. In the 1970s, the completion of the dong fang hotel in guangzhou marked the emergence of China's first rooftop garden. On the tenth floor roof of the hotel, the designer built the first roof garden with Chinese classical garden characteristics, covering an area of about 900 square meters. The garden was decorated with garden pieces such as pools and lake stones, revealing the typical lingnan garden style.

In 1983, China built a roof garden on the lower roof of the soon-to-open Great Wall hotel on the west side of the main building, the first large open-air roof garden in north China.

The roof garden is two stories high and measures 2,600 square metres. Surrounded by trees, Bridges, canals, fountains, etc., make people place themselves in a beautiful environment, relaxed and happy, linger.

There are many historical records about the ancient babylonian gardens, especially the hanging gardens. The hanging garden, also known as the hanging garden, is regarded as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

The hanging gardens of Babylon had been completely destroyed, leaving a ruin. Later generations of its size, structure, layout and other aspects of understanding from the ancient Greek, ancient Roman historians in the works.

Economists have proved that the so-called hanging gardens are not gardens that hang in the air, but are made up of layered pyramidal platforms. The verandah of each floor interior has a bedroom, cave, bathroom to wait for a facility, planted flowers and plants on platform layer, connect with step up and down. These platforms were planted with various citrus plants of the time, as well as a wide variety of plant communities. Considering the impervious, irrigating and draining problems of the roof gardens, the babylonians stacked reeds, bricks, lead sheaves and planter soil on top of the terrace. They also placed a water hoist in the corner to raise the river to the top of the terrace and water it from floor to floor. Reliefs from archaeological excavations show that in front of the Assyrian houses there were often wide corridors, with heavy roofs that provided shade and protected the living quarters from direct sunlight, and covered with earth to plant flowers and trees.

In fact, there were many rooftop gardens, but the imperial gardens were larger and more luxurious. According to historical records, the hanging garden on the babylonian plain had a square base about 140m in length and a height of 22.5m in height, which was as high as the wall of babylonian. A large number of vines and climbing plants are attached to the terrace. From a distance, the roof garden looks like it has no base and floats in the air, so it is called the hanging garden. However, some scholars believe that such a roof garden of such size and structure is not enough to attract the praise of ancient scholars and poets, nor should it be called one of the seven wonders of the world. Therefore, the authenticity of the hanging gardens remains to be verified. In addition, why there are hanging gardens, there are different opinions. Lord Rawlinson, an English archaeologist, believes that Nebuchadnezzar ii built the hanging gardens for the MIDI princess.

To comfort the princess and ease her nostalgia for her hometown, a roof garden similar to the plateau was built. This 2,500-year-old example has important implications for the future development of rooftop gardens in the west.

In ancient Greece, there was a kind of roof garden called adonis, which originated from the custom of offering sacrifices to adonis. It is said that adonis was a beautiful boy in Greek mythology who was killed by a boar in the hunting.

Aphrodite, the god of love and beauty who loved him, moved hades, the god of death, and adonis was allowed to return to earth every six months to spend time with Aphrodite. So in the spring the Athenian women would hold a party in anticipation of adonis' return. The statue of adonis on the roof of the house was a unique way for the athenians to show their love for adonis. This type of roof garden is called the garden of adonis. Since then, this decorative form has been retained, not only in festivals, but also in large Numbers at ordinary times. The sculpture is not only placed on the roof, but also in the garden, surrounded by flowers that bloom all the year round. This may have led to the practice of later western gardens of placing flower beds around statues.

In the 8th century BC, there was a small fishing village named Pompeii on the coast of the Mediterranean. With the advantages of coastal ports, Pompeii developed into a city of merchants after decades of development, making it the second largest city after the city of Rome in Italy.

On October 17, 79, mount Vesuvius, which locals had long believed to be an extinct volcano, suddenly erupted, flooding Pompeii with ash about 5.6 meters thick. All that is known about Pompeii today comes from archaeological excavations. In the study of modern archaeologists, scholars inferred from the well-preserved architectural remains what the roof garden of Pompeii looked like at that time. Archaeologists found three luxury villas not far from the northwest gate of Pompeii.

One of the biggest is the mystery villa. On the u-shaped platform surrounded by the three sides of the building, the garden is planted with flowers and trees. Below the platform was a stone colonnade where people could talk in the cool. With the deepening of the later archaeological excavations, the plant species planted in the original garden were clearly studied, and the true nature of the roof garden of Pompeii was gradually revealed.

After consulting the data, we can clearly find that there are few records of roof gardens in ancient China, and most researches on roof gardens started after the founding of the People's Republic of China. The initial roof garden design style has strong local characteristics and ethnic characteristics, representative.

Roof gardens in the west started early, mostly because of local history. Roof gardens in the west have continued to evolve with The Times. In the early days, the west had more types of roof gardens and more advanced construction techniques than China. After a long period of development, Chinese and western roof gardens have gradually changed from a single green decorative function to a comprehensive total energy, pursuing both ecological and economic benefits.

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