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Paper代写:The biological art

2019-11-27 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

本篇paper代写- The biological art讨论了生物艺术。20世纪50年代DNA被发现后人类进入了分子生物学时代,艺术与基因工程相关的人工组织培养、克隆和转基因等生物技术相结合,在这样的技术背景下逐渐产生了生物艺术领域。生物艺术发展到今天,其概念更加饱满,艺术家运用细菌、细胞株、分子、植物、体液和组织、活体动物等这些有机的物质创作的艺术。以及通过医学的生物影像,还有显微摄影术来制作显示身体内部和分子结构的科学成像都被定义为生物艺术。本篇paper代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

With the development of economic and cultural globalization, ecological civilization and sustainable development are the primary task of the 21st century. As a newly developed art category, biological art is developing itself step by step. The 21st century is known in biology as the age of biotechnology. Since the discovery of DNA in the 1950s, human beings have entered the era of molecular biology. Art is combined with artificial tissue culture, cloning and transgenic biotechnology related to genetic engineering. Under such a technical background, the field of biological art has gradually emerged.

In the late 20th century, the concept of biological art was embodied in the works of avant-garde artists. However, the term "biological art" was created by American artist Eduardo Kac for his work "time capsule" in 1997. In the piece, KAC implants a microchip into the ankle -- the spot where slaves are usually branded. "This piece is meant to express the blurry line between human autonomy and electronic memory," KAC said. In another interview, KAC explained why he coined the term bioart: "I coined the term bioart in 1997 because of one of my works, time capsule. At that time, "bioart" was used to define all works created on living biological media. In 1998, I devoted more energy to "transgenic art", so I redefined "biological art" as a brand new art form of creating living individuals based on genetic engineering. If art involves genetically modified technology, then all creative processes must be handled with great care, backed by complex knowledge and built on respect, cultivation and love for the life created. However, the so-called "origin" of biological art is not realized through transgenic technology." In 2000, the artist katz, with the help of scientists, created a new work of art called "green fluorescent rabbit" using green fluorescent protein. The living rabbit was implanted with a fluorescent green protein extracted from a jellyfish. Under normal circumstances, it is a normal rabbit with white hair and red eyes, but under certain blue light, it emits a clear and bright green light. In his works, katz embodies his attitude towards life and the world: he wants to play the role of a technologically supremacist creator, a "god", with the use of human technological means, and use this attitude to trigger human thinking. He wants to interact with ordinary people and give them part of the power to change nature. As an artist, he carried this attitude into the spiritual core of his works. Biometrics become an extension of man's ability to create. When the work appeared, it caused a huge response, and both the work and the artist faced a huge controversy. It is because of this work that green fluorescent protein has gradually become familiar to the public. This also proves that biological art comes from the process of scientific research.

Since the development of biological art, its concept has been enriched. Artists use bacteria, cell lines, molecules, plants, body fluids and tissues, living animals and other organic materials to create art. And the use of biological imaging in medicine, as well as photomicrography to produce scientific images of the body's interior and molecular structure, are defined as biological arts.

The human body is composed of cells, each cell has a nucleus, and the nucleus consists of 46 chromosomes, each chromosome is actually a thread, the thin line is we usually say that DNA, DNA is a long list of spiral winding double strand molecule, only four kinds of material between the spiral twin: TACG, it is the base of four kinds of forms. The whole DNA is written as a long code with these "four letters". Ben fry, an artist devoted to "genetic mapping", is also the inventor of the popular graphics interactive software "Processing". In chromosome 21, he decodes the 48 million bases on the body's chromosome 21 and turns them into a cool and solemn giant abstract painting by decoding their effective or ineffective colors. In his latest work, "the mystery of a natural history," katz transfers his DNA into the vein of a flower's red stem. The Plant is Plant, the Animal is Animal, and katz named his work Pinmal. Life on earth has evolved over four billion years, and plant and animal features have been distinct from each other at an early stage. Katz believes that from an evolutionary perspective, humans themselves are also a genetically modified species. The general understanding that gm is unnatural is problematic; It is important to understand that genetic changes from one species to another are part of the wild world, even without human intervention. Even though the human genome evolved from viruses and bacteria over a long evolutionary history; We have DNA in our bodies from non-human organisms, so we are genetically modified ourselves. Before coming to the conclusion that all gmos are malformed, people should look at the status of their gmos. In addition, scientific research has found that there are ten times more bacterial cells in the human body than in our own cells. We, for example, have about ten trillion cells, but we have about a hundred trillion bacterial cells in our bodies. We are both genetically modified and bacterial, so in this case, do you think this flower is strange?" On April 21, 2016, "when life itself becomes art -- li shan art exhibition" curated by takaling opened in K space, chengdu. As an artist in the southwest of the first exhibition, exhibition with "biological art" as the theme, show the li creation "reading" series, "restructuring" and "the pumpkin plan" and other works, types include painting and photographic art, rendering the artist more than 20 years in the field of "biological art" for life and art of exploration and research.

Through the analysis of the existing biological art works, the biological art can be temporarily classified into two types: one is the artistic creation based on the living body as the medium, and the other is the artistic creation based on changing the gene of living things, increasing or changing the biological form.

Today we have entered the century of biology, a 21st century with the rapid development of bioengineering and biotechnology. Looking back at the history of art development, every technological progress of mankind will bring about great changes in art. For example, the development of anatomy and perspective has influenced the classical art in the Renaissance. The rise of optics influenced impressionist painting; The industrial revolution influenced modern art; The Internet era has influenced new media art and so on, and the technological revolution has played a vital role in these artistic trends. In the past two decades, the progress of genetic technology and biotechnology has enabled human beings to obtain the technical power to create nature, and also triggered the debate and reflection on science and belief, artificial and natural. In contemporary times, the functions of art and philosophy are more and more similar. As one of the most sensitive groups in this era, the artist has no doubt started to pay attention to this field that is related to human survival and existence. From this point of view, biotechnology as a medium in the field of art, is an inevitable existence. However, human-computer interaction and transboundary new life have become the reality of the moment, instead of becoming a harmonious world that accommodates all kinds of life. Peaceful coexistence is our goal.

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