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英国Paper代写:Ukiyoe art of Japan

2019-11-06 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Ukiyoe art of Japan,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了日本的浮世绘艺术。浮世绘又称日本风俗画或日本版画,活跃于日本江户时代,是德川幕府时期兴起的一种独特的民族美术,典型的花街柳巷艺术。浮世绘的题材极其丰富,几乎是江户时代人们的百科全书。浮世绘艺术有色彩大胆、对比强烈的特点,另外在线条的处理方面,浮世绘绘画勾勒的线条柔美,能够很好地把色彩凸显出来。

Ukiyo-e, also known as "Japanese genre painting" and "Japanese prints", was active in the edo period of Japan. It was a unique national art emerging during the tokugawa shogunate period, a typical art of flower street and willow lane. Ukiyo-e has a wealth of subjects, including current social events, historical allusions, folklore, People's Daily life, mountains and rivers. Ukiyo-e was almost an encyclopedia of the edo period.

The economic base determines the superstructure. The edo period was the late period of Japanese feudal society, and the tokugawa shogunate period was the beginning of the edo period. The edo period was similar to the qing dynasty in China. Due to the rapid development of economy, especially the rapid development of commodity economy, and the rapid development of urban culture, a "machi culture" emerged in the city, that is, the civic culture. Due to the development of civic culture, the population of painters, writers and kabuki kept expanding, and the relationship between supply and demand, printing and ukiyo-e prints developed rapidly. From 1643 to 1765, the emergence of color plate brocade painting marked the ukiyo-e printing technology reached a climax, colorful and dazzling. Ukiyo-e mainly reflects the thoughts and feelings of the emerging citizens, some of which are the pursuit of love. Some satirical feudal system, ritual works are also widely spread in the folk.

Hokusai, born in the motian district of Tokyo, was a ukiyoshi painter in the edo period of Japan. His painting style had a great influence on the later European painting world. Many impressionist masters, such as degas, manet and gauguin, copied his works. Hokusai is also the only Japanese among the "100 people who influenced the world during the millennium". Its representative works are "kanagawa surf" "kaifeng fast clear". Professor li jianhua focused on hokusai's "surfing in kanagawa" in a lecture.

Kanagawa surfside is one of the masterpieces of ukiyo-e master hokusai during the edo period. It is a woodcut and one of the thirty-six scenes of tomohiro. Since its birth, this painting has enjoyed enduring popularity and exerted a unique charm, which has exerted a great influence on later generations. Impressionist Vincent van gogh's starry night referred to the layout and feel of this work. Music master Debussy also absorbed inspiration in this work and created the symphony of "the sea". The cover design of the music is also the original sea and spray.

The painting is called "kanagawa surfwater", which means "kanagawa surfwater" instead of "kanagawa surfwater". Kanagawa is a Japanese name, "chong" refers to the nearby sea, "langli" refers to the ships under the waves, as if wrapped in. It is a dramatic scene of fishermen grappling with huge waves, not surfing for fun. Translated in modern Chinese, it means "in the midst of great waves near kanagawa."

The picture shows Mount Fuji, the sea and the fishermen, which are different from other ukiyoe scenes depicting the life of citizens. The author lifts the fishing boat with the huge waves. The brave fishermen are struggling with the nature. More importantly, kanagawa surfer is not only a masterpiece of ukiyoe, but also a typical example of Oriental beauty, a kind of compassion that naturally resonates with the western world.

Ukiyo-e art is characterized by bold colors and strong contrast. In addition, in terms of the treatment of lines, ukiyo-e's paintings draw soft and beautiful lines, which can highlight the colors well. In this big advantage, businesses found business opportunities, so in the edo era, kabukimachi, sumo dojo, ramen sushi restaurants mostly used ukiyo-e as their own shop posters, advertising. At the same time, ukiyo-e will be printed on the cover of books, calendars and paper symbols to promote local culture and sell them as souvenirs of the city to boost local tourism revenue. Ukiyo-e will also be printed on the tableware, ukiyo-e seems to be the fashion direction card.

At the end of the edo period, Japan was forced to open an account. Many western cultures flooded into Japan, and the local culture was impacted, especially the bushido culture. The samurai gave up the samurai sword, and a large number of samurai started to engage in commerce and handicraft industry. On the contrary, Japanese native culture also crossed the ocean to the other side, and ukiyo-e began to attract the attention of the western world. Part of ukiyo-e was exclusively for the emperor, generals and nobles, and part of ukiyo-e was exported overseas. Foreigners regarded ukiyo-e as cultural relics from Japan. According to historical records, the prints of kitagawa were also exported to China.

Although ukiyo-e entered Europe, it was not accepted by the europeans and was gradually accepted widely in the 19th century. In 1856, felix brakemont, a French designer, got a booklet of woodcuts from the east by chance and was deeply attracted by the exquisite woodcuts in it. It was the Japanese ukiya-e woodblock prints that were immediately circulated among felix braakmont's friends, many of whom were attracted to the book, among whom were said to be degas, fontaine latour, wheeler, manet, the goncourt brothers. In 1867, at the end of the edo period, Japan participated in the world's fair for the first time.

The ukiyoe painting with bright colors and exquisite carvings was pursued by europeans, including degas, monet, van gogh and other impressionist masters. When degas died, a large number of ukiyo-e paintings were found in his house, which shows degas' concern for ukiyo-e. Degas' paintings were influenced by ukiyo-e in Japan in terms of composition, which was clearly reflected in his work "dancers on the stage". He takes a bird 's-eye view of the ballerina and shows it beautifully, giving the impression of ecstasy. In western paintings, the main object of the picture is usually placed in the middle of the picture to highlight the main object, while degas intends to put the dancing girl of the main object in the lower right corner, which is a common composition technique in ukiyoe.

Monet's pursuit of decoration in his later years is worth studying. The modelling of the object itself and the subtle change of light are no longer important, what monet pursues is the structure of colour relation and unity and the change of object in different light. In the expression of street scene, ukiyo-e landscape is not difficult to see parallel parallel, rhythmic schema and other similar techniques. Influenced by ukiyo-e, monet's paintings tend to be flat and simple.

Van gogh is the impressionist painter most influenced by ukiyo-e paintings. During his time in Paris, under the influence of impressionism and ukiyo-e, his pictures began to lighten up from their former gloomy style. The bright and gorgeous colors of ukiyo-e had a profound influence on van gogh. Van gogh mainly imitated the works of hirosho gokawa and hokusai, two representative figures of ukiyo-e, who enjoy a high reputation in Japan. During the Paris period, van gogh was also influenced by the dotting method of seurat, which gave people a fine, orderly and three-dimensional feeling. Van gogh in the reduction of space and shape, color of the plane processing, with a specific material form in the visual abstraction. At the same time, he made an in-depth study of the form of the plane in ukiyo-e, and integrated the plane decorative style into his works. Clear and bright lines, bold use of high purity of color, flat color, tone change row line, through this way painting can quickly and effectively grasp the form of movement of things, which is also van gogh from ukiyoe notice. In the composition, van gogh also drew on the far and far method of composition of gokawa guangzhong's "turtle household plum garden". The spatial cutting method of ukiyo-e gives people an incomplete image and generates a strong visual tension.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, we have been constantly accepting foreign culture, especially western culture. In the process of accepting foreign culture, we have also absorbed some dross of foreign culture. We should not blindly absorb foreign culture, but discard the dross of foreign culture and absorb excellent foreign culture. We should carry forward the fine traditional Chinese culture, reverse absorb the culture, let the western culture absorb the fine traditional Chinese culture, and strive for this cause.

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