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英国Paper代写:Mental health education for college students

2019-07-19 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Mental health education for college students,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了大学生心理健康教育。大学生与其他年龄阶段的学生不同,其多数成员已经成年,因此在心理的教育过程中,教师需要起到一定的作用,而学生自身也需要在教师和其他心理教学人员的带领下,明确自身教育的重要性特征和方法。在心理教学课程中,一般学生都会对心理教育课程有一些抵触情绪。对此,教师需要利用冥想等手段让学生在安静和绝对安全的环境下敞开心扉,半自主半引导地说出自己对世界的想法、对身边事物的感受、对自身的评价判断等。教师可以从学生的真实体会入手,有针对性地开展心理健康层面的引导教育。

Mental health education,大学生心理健康教育,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

There are serious hidden problems in mental health of contemporary college students, and mental health will constantly expand the intervention area with the influence of conversation and events. This has planted a huge threat to the health of the country's young population. As the leading subject of college students' education, colleges and universities play an absolute role in cultural teaching and psychological teaching. Therefore, in the face of the current development trend of college students' mental illness, it is necessary for college psychological teaching staff to conduct in-depth research on effective education methods of college students' mental health.

In the general student group, college students are the oldest and most experienced branch group. In college life, the progress of college students in the learning stage is basically fixed, most of them focus on graduate study, internship and employment, independent choice of career, independent entrepreneurship and other contents. At the same time, contemporary college students belong to the post-90s group, which is basically the only child in the family structure due to the national policy advocacy, and lack of communication feelings with peers in the family. However, the lack of necessary communication and companionship in the growth stage will lead to hidden psychological sensitive points in different degrees and different psychological levels. Once the pressure surrounding college graduation, employment, study and other pressures, college students are likely to suffer from serious psychological diseases driven by the pressure.

No matter in physiological function or psychological level, people will have some inevitable changes with the growth of age. If we want to take contemporary college students as the research background of mental health education methods, then the demonstration and exposition of relevant contents must be judged according to the psychological characteristics of college students. The following is a brief description of the mental health of college students at their current age.

Intelligence is the highest priority in measuring whether a person's overall health is within the normal range. Generally, in the university stage, students who enter the same university through the college entrance examination should basically maintain their intellectual level in a balanced state, with the exception of not too much fluctuation. And the specific intelligence judgment is not the specific intelligence value, but the general standard of life habits, normal learning and body movements that intelligence can reflect. When a person has psychological problems, the question content for the questioner is often irrelevant answer, and the learning process can not focus. In life, students whose intelligence is reduced due to psychological factors cannot afford complex physical or behavioral movements. Therefore, education personnel can take the lead in judging the mental health of college students from the level of intelligence, and focus on the students whose intelligence efficiency plummets.

Although the judgment of emotion is not the standard judgment content from the aspect of mental health, it is also defined as the judgment standard here considering that emotion is the first reflection of the psychological fluctuation of college students. In a state of health, for example, university students for regular life is in a state of optimism or smooth, and once in the same incident, individual students produced a completely different emotions, such as nuts, roars, throwing things, etc., then the student must have a negative psychological fluctuations, which is popular of "abnormal reaction". Normal students, on the other hand, respond to different events in accordance with the "normal response" in the normal state of consciousness.

In the living environment of college students, communication is an inevitable social activity. Generally speaking, college students will have fixed friends and circle of friends, and will keep close communication with friends for a long time. At the same time, students should maintain equal and normal status with their friends or classmates in the communication process. But in the judgement of interpersonal relation, often appear because of individual personality or disposition make so that appear thereby "not equal" condition, for example one person is dominant director, another person is obedient person, etc., below this kind of circumstance is in obedient person to be in completely voluntary circumstance, also belong to normal phenomenon commonly. However, once some students distrust anyone and block the way and process of communicating with others, it means that this student may have psychological problems.

Contemporary college students are in the stage of the final formation of the overall personality, in this stage to absorb others' evaluation of their own, self-evaluation of their own is a key factor of the main personality. Generally speaking, psychologically healthy college students are able to have a correct judgment of their own ability, character and social style through accumulation of experience. Swing is generally no more than two aspects of narcissism and inferiority, and these two kinds of bias content can basically belong to the normal range. In general, students with mental illness cannot have correct evaluation judgment on themselves, and the evaluation content will also be out of line with normal cognition. For example, patients with depression will think that they are a burden of the world, and patients with mental illness will think that they are completely out of line with cognition, such as apples and bananas.

In different stages, there are certain differences in the height, depth and breadth of people's views on things. Therefore, as an indirect act of people responding to the outside world, psychological behavior is the optimal matching index to measure the psychological health degree of college students. In freshman year, for example, most students are in a learning and hedonistic mode. In their senior year, their mental behavior patterns are mature and their horizons are much broader than when they first entered the university.

All kinds of simple determination methods mentioned above only have certain matching effect on the level of completeness, and human beings are the most complex creatures in nature. And in the process of constant social turbulence, people have opposite reactions to the same event at different times, which in fact cannot constitute a complete basis for the determination of mental illness. In modern society, due to the social image, people gradually suppress their negative emotions. Therefore, when college students get hysterical, it is inevitable to release their inner pressure. And the psychological teacher carries on the experience cognition to the mental health condition judgment, is the effective discrimination reasonable abreact and the mental illness early fluctuation difference best method. Only when teachers can make an empirical judgment on students when they know them can they make use of social educational means and classroom educational means to realize effective mental health education for students.

College students are different from students of other ages. Most of their members have grown up. Therefore, teachers need to play a certain role in the process of psychological education. In the psychological teaching course, the general students will have some resistance to the psychological education course. In this regard, teachers need to use meditation and other means to make students open their hearts in a quiet and absolutely safe environment, and to express their thoughts about the world, their feelings about things around them, and their own evaluation and judgment, etc. in a semi-autonomous and semi-guided way. And teachers can start with the students' real experience and carry out the mental health guidance education. Although this method is effective, when the number of students who need to receive mental health education is too large, the school can use lectures to carry out unified education. The contents of the lecture can be collected by questionnaire survey or direct observation of psychological teachers. For example, when female college students are faced with the employment pressure caused by the phenomenon of employment inequality, the school can give special lectures on this point, aiming at eliminating the employment pressure of female groups.

Psychological counseling is a kind of active mental health education activity, which is essentially different from the general compulsory class and the special psychological lecture. Psychological counseling is usually the distress signal used by the school psychological staff in the early stage by students who find that they have the psychological pressure that cannot be solved or know that they have the symptoms of mental illness in a certain situation. For teachers, psychological counseling is a direct communication process to understand students' basic conditions, long-term psychological conditions and deep psychological fluctuations in a specific communication environment. In this process, the students are the guides and the teachers are the discourse guides and correctors. Psychological counseling in colleges and universities is generally divided into two levels, one has the effect of counseling, the other is the effect of direct treatment. Channel effect is just facing the students had a heavy stress or mood swings, the psychological counseling staff to find out the pressure source, using the psychological education of professional skills to bear on the problem of the heart and comfort, the process must be targeted, words to soothe, focused, and to ensure the train of thought of every node can't bear the thought of content. In the face of students with obvious psychological diseases, such as suicidal tendencies, depression, manic depression, etc., teachers should choose different treatment plans according to different circumstances. For students and teachers with suicidal tendencies, they should sort out their passive and negative emotions, try their best to modify the thought process that leads to suicidal behaviors, or deny the relevance of their behaviors or other people's behaviors leading to suicide, and cut off the "rationality" of their suicide. For students with depressive symptoms who still have distress psychology, teachers should timely conduct psychological counseling, and discuss with the school whether to transfer depressed students to a special psychiatric hospital for more professional drugs and treatment. However, the symptoms of bipolar disorder tend to be violent. Therefore, when psychological teaching staff in the school are unable to provide effective treatment and education, they should also cooperate with professional psychological treatment institutions outside the school to timely provide more effective medication and counseling treatment for students.

The intervention mechanism is actually a kind of emergency mechanism, which USES the way of direct or indirect intervention in students' life to effectively supervise the fluctuation of students' environment and psychology. Behavior condition of the fixed rules, for example, if a student within the scope of the regulation for more than a week is not normal, the school, the counselor and psychotherapy should be timely education confirm the student's basic situation, and then imposing direct sexual psychological measurement, when found the students' psychological health status of uncontrollable state dropped to the school, are sent to external professional psychological treatment in a timely manner. This coherent processing structure belongs to a practical emergency mechanism. For students, this intervention means is the best means to prevent their mental illness and control the illness in the initial stage.

In view of the common phenomenon that college students' psychological pressure comes from employment, it is necessary for schools to adopt the unified education method and conduct organizational psychological counseling. Social practice, as an important activity stage leading students to face the society, the setting of its teaching content plays a decisive role in students' psychological intervention. For example, when school authorities ask students to go to the position of their major in practice, there will certainly be some negative information about employment positions and working status. To this end, the school and counselors should prepare in advance to eliminate all direct and indirect negative reactions in the practice environment of substances and linkage events. For those who cannot be cleared up in a short period of time, team counselors or psychological teachers should explain the bad phenomena in time and try their best to put students' emotions into the positive working environment and conditions, such as the salary status of the major and future career direction. Use an extremely optimistic thinking direction to stimulate the positive emotions in students' hearts.

College students with a normal state of mind will not resist a wide range of communication modes, such as social contact, social activities and school activities, while those with mental illness in advance will actively resist direct communication with others. But for the whole, the campus environment is the subjective place that it cannot escape completely. Psychological education in colleges and universities, therefore, people should hold fast to the environment of students' psychological state of indirect intervention effect, use of positive, friendly and actively the construction of campus psychological environment, for the psychological pressure is too large or invisible mental illness is a student to provide a safe and harmonious living places, from the heart of the society under the imperial guard, in spite of the positive thoughts with the world. This kind of campus environment with healthy psychology requires supervisors to educate the whole campus at the level of behavior, administration or condition restriction. For example, in the propaganda of behavioral slogans and campus culture, the positive psychological knowledge and ideological direction should be carried out, and the ideological level inside the campus should be transferred to the same level as far as possible, so as to build a healthy campus psychological environment with harmony and strengthening effect for students. This kind of holistic education can leave a subconscious impression in the mind of every student, which will also play a certain strengthening role in promoting the unified positive psychological intervention of psychological educators.

College students already have adult ability and character, and mental health teachers cannot adopt absolute single-minded, absolute supervision means in the university environment. Therefore, teachers and school authorities should train students to conduct mental health examination independently and predict their mental illness in advance when conditions permit. Only when students have a normative and standard awareness of mental health and psychological diseases, can they truly discover their own fluctuations in the "first time" and directly shorten the teaching time of mental health.

Mental health education and ideological education are both different and closely related. The difference between the two is firstly reflected in the content of education. The former mainly solves psychological problems, while the latter focuses on solving ideological problems. The connection between the two is reflected in that mental health education is a component of college students' work, which, like ideological education, serves for the cultivation of all-round socialist builders and successors. Only remove the lower level of psychological burden, psychological barriers, promote the development of psychology, the noble soul has a healthy psychological foundation. Therefore, when the young college students' mental health education, can not only consider the mental health problems in isolation, the work only stay on solve the psychological problems of college students, and to as much as possible at a higher level for young college students pointed out the direction of the efforts, guide them set up positive correct world outlook, the outlook on life, values, moral values.

To sum up, a psychologically normal student should first have a normal and healthy state from the level of social thoughts and governing emotions, and the judgment of these standard contents is the premise for teachers to carry out mental health education. Accordingly, the teacher should be in all sorts of subtle level gradually transition to the overall level, not only should pay attention to the comprehensive training of students' psychological health standards, but also the students appeared adverse psychological state, targeted in a timely manner or directly to a specific group of psychological education, in the process of education, must give priority to with positive and positive, efforts to strengthen students' healthy psychology, means to reduce the pressure for students in all aspects, achieve the effective education on college students' mental health.

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