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paper代写-Quality education

2019-07-16 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Quality education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了素质教育。素质教育作为一种新事物,克服了应试教育中的固有弊端,符合青少年身心健康发展的需要与教育规律,具有旺盛的生命力。应试教育的存在是人们思想观念和社会现实综合作用的结果,因而有其存在的社会基础,这种基础恰恰是阻碍素质教育发展的因素。实施素质教育,建立在认识这些阻碍因素的基础上,更需要社会多方面共同努力克服这些阻碍。

Quality education,素质教育,英国论文代写,论文代写,paper代写

The conflict between the educational concept of quality-oriented education and the reality of exam-oriented education has been enduring in the education circle, and it is also a common concern in the social scope. To some extent, it is not an educational problem, but a social problem, because it affects the vital interests and needs of countless social groups. Quality-oriented education has been put forward for a long time, but it plays little role in basic education. In the face of this situation, we should analyze the reasons from the social basis of exam-oriented education, see the bright development prospect after the unsatisfactory education status quo, and establish the awareness of problems while maintaining an optimistic development attitude.

Quality-oriented education has been put forward for a long time in China. On June 13, 1999, the decision of the CPC central committee and the state council on deepening education reform and comprehensively promoting quality-oriented education was released, which gave new connotation to quality-oriented education in the new era. Quality-oriented education has become a hot issue for some educational scholars and experts, and its concept has been praised and expected by many principals, frontline teachers and students' parents. However, it is clear that the current educational situation does not respond warmly to this expectation. We can see that the education sector is still dominated by exam-oriented education, and the implementation of quality education is not satisfactory.

Face the exam-oriented education to the student the negative impact of the physical and mental development, a lot of people are focused on the critical schools, schools and teachers as the main body of teaching workers come under criticism from various aspects of society, so many schools in the public opinion pressure in addition to the monthly exam, midterm exam, inter-school, exam arrangement, adding the practice courses, art courses and vocational education curriculum to develop students' various aspects of quality. There are many experimental schools and progressive schools of this kind. However, looking at the study and life of primary and secondary school students, we come to the conclusion that the implementation of quality-oriented education is not optimistic. School education is only a reflection of the current educational concept and social situation.

Awareness guides action. To reform exam-oriented education and develop quality-oriented education, we must first understand these two kinds of education comprehensively and correctly.

In the criticism of exam-oriented education, there is a voice that points out that exam-oriented education, as an educational thought, does not conform to the educational science and law. According to this reasoning, to reform exam-oriented education requires people to realize that the purpose of education is not to be exam-oriented, but to make people develop, which changes the starting point and foothold of solving this problem. But is exam-oriented education an educational ideology? On reflection we can deny this view. There are numerous significant educational ideas in the history of Chinese and foreign education, but no educator has ever proposed that the purpose of education is to improve students' ability of scoring in examination. Even as ordinary people, we also know that the value of education lies in cultivating learners to become talents and achieve relatively comprehensive development. It is only because education is restricted by its social environment that it emphasizes too much on exerting its social functions through elimination and screening that the current educational status quo is formed. Therefore, exam-oriented education is not a kind of educational thought, but an educational phenomenon developed on the basis of certain social production mode and social reality, which is guided by certain ideas.

There is a common misunderstanding that exam-oriented education is exam-oriented education, and quality-oriented education is the education that can promote the development of students' quality, which is a one-sided interpretation from the literal sense. On the one hand, exam-oriented education is not the same as exam-oriented education. Examination as a neutral concept, as long as there is a will have a test, and the examination as an objective means of teaching evaluation has its rationality of existence, so the test itself is no praise or blame, only when the examination as the only purpose of education, all around the exam-oriented education work, education became the exam-oriented education. On the other hand, it is extremely one-sided to think that quality education can improve quality education. It cannot be denied that exam-oriented education enriches students' cultural attainment and expands learners' scope of knowledge by passing on the indirect experience accumulated in human society. However, exam-oriented education neglects the cultivation of students' other qualities in the process of enriching students' knowledge accumulation, resulting in the one-sided development of students. Quality-oriented education is to respect the development needs of students in all aspects and promote the overall development of students by adopting positive, effective and scientific educational methods in view of the disadvantages of exam-oriented education.

Exam-oriented education has a profound ideological and ideological foundation behind it. If we want to analyze the current situation of exam-oriented education, that is, the superficial facts, it is necessary to think about the ideas embodied or rooted in this behavior. Ideas are not all the result of reason, nor does it mean absolute truth. Whether an idea can be believed and exert great influence is not the right or wrong of the idea itself, but depends on whether the idea conforms to common sense and the habit of life.

In China, the idea that one should be an official if he learns well has long been popular. Long feudal society, the feudal education become subservient to the imperial examination system, in the transition stage of socialism, the modern education also become subservient to the college entrance examination, while under the influence of the ancient imperial examination education and modern education both in the education content, education method and education objects and so on have obvious difference, but from the student learned information from reality, school education become subservient to the exam, and the test as a screening tool this several ways, both homogeneity existed deeply, its deep reason lies in the Confucian view of education purpose can foster learning heritage. For the imperial promotion, reader usually, this kind of utilitarian thoughts reflected in the university entrance exam takes an exam the education today, although people for the educator's depiction of the beautiful scene in quality-oriented education is full of hope, but after education utility purpose view preconceptions, want to build up on the basis of the concept of quality education is the strife-torn.

Exam-oriented education leads to the rigidity of education and the one-sided development of students. The disadvantages of exam-oriented education need not be described, but the significance of examination cannot be denied. Today, the development of all aspects of the society cannot achieve a complete sense of equity, the uneven distribution of educational resources is an objective existence, the pursuit of education starting point equity, fair process, still need a long process. As an ideal scale measurement tool in human society, scores are equal in front of everyone, which reflects the fairness of results to a certain extent, and motivates those students and families in life difficulties to seize the opportunity of examination by their own efforts, and seek and step onto a larger social stage through screening.

So many parents and students are a bailment, namely realize mobility through education, improve their social status, this kind of bailment requires education to have the nature of the selection and elimination, and elimination standard is no longer a family's economic power and social status, into the students' scores, this kind of education to serve the social structure of the pyramid, competition, students can score from the screening, the top among the society. Aims to cultivate the quality of every man's all-round development education in this aspect of the attention is not enough, and the obvious characteristics of exam-oriented education is advocated in pursuit of high examination is divided into the only goal, to the minority students from the majority of students selected as the only task, the students' test scores and school graduation rates as measure and evaluate the quality of the school work and school education basic standards. This is in line with people's psychological sustenance to achieve class mobility through education.

Exam-oriented education will pass the examination as the only goal of education, in the process of training students should try to ignore the characteristics of different students' physical and mental development, with different interests, caused the one-sided development of students, the defects strongly condemned by students and their parents, but most of the students and parents choose fully involved in the exam-oriented education competition to secure a position in the university entrance exam, there lies behind this immediate interests and long-term interests contradiction and fight, because ultimately is subject to competition in the society, however, long-term interests tend to give way to the immediate interests. When faced with reality, people often show an anxiety, and too much anxiety can lead to compromise. In the face of repeated examinations in schools, other students can achieve good results by following the exam-oriented skills taught by teachers, completing corresponding homework and test simulation, and get honors and care from top students. Under such circumstances, it becomes difficult for students and parents to continue to insist on long-term interests to achieve the so-called comprehensive development.

But to this kind of development quality, conforms to the interest development view to give the most powerful attack is the college entrance examination. Through the university entrance exam to result rather than the quality and ability as the standard, all aspects of the student union will be split, and this caused a degree of hierarchy, degree of hierarchies can cause is engaged in the work of the hierarchy, is engaged in the work of the students in the future, which is caused by hierarchy of social material wealth and the difference between a largely affect the students family members even the quality of life in the future. Faced with this situation, many people begin to yield to immediate interests in order not to be eliminated in the entrance examination. Many ordinary people hold the idea that the selection of talents for the college entrance examination is a social rule. As people in the society, if we don't follow this rule, we will be eliminated by the society.

One of the basic laws of educational development: educational form and social mode of production adapt, that is, under certain conditions the overall state of educational development is adapted to social mode of production. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the practical basis behind the analysis of the reasons for the existence of exam-oriented education.

Since the reform and opening up, due to the needs of economic development, the policy supports a small number of people to get rich first through their own efforts and encourages people to seek their own way to get rich. Since then, the gap between the rich and the poor in China has been widening. The income gap makes the employment competition fierce, coupled with China's national conditions with a large population, the employment of graduates has become a hot issue of social concern. In recent years, employment, due to the number of graduates increased year by year and the saturation of the employment market, making hot positions in short supply of talent, which gives the unit of choose and employ persons a great choice of space, and then appeared when the enterprise, institution recruitment non-985, non-211 graduates do not consider the threshold of education is too high phenomenon. Therefore, if students want to gain an advantage in the fierce employment competition in the future and obtain decent high-paying jobs, it has become a necessary way for them to pass the college entrance examination and enter key universities to study popular majors and get a higher diploma to cross the employment threshold. The current exam-oriented education is driven by the respective interests of educators and educatees, and it continues to grow and spread, although they also have to do it for themselves.

In the final analysis, the implementation of the current basic education is still around the baton of the college entrance examination, what the college entrance examination tests, what students learn, how the college entrance examination tests, how teachers teach. The gaokao affects school education in two main ways. The first is the way the college entrance examination affects educational methods. The college entrance examination evaluates students in the form of written examination paper and takes scores as the evaluation standard and reference. Therefore, in order to gain advantages in the college entrance examination, the daily education of schools focuses on students' test-taking ability, that is, scoring ability. Art of comprehensive development of morality, intelligence and physique education purpose in the education practice became the only focused on the unilateral development of intellectual education, and more can be said to be the only in the intellectual education training the students' ability of memory, problem solving, because creativity is difficult to get in the college entrance examination evaluation test, also will cause the students to write the answer and the standard answer from, the cultivation of creativity in such education is deliberately forgotten. The second aspect is also the biggest impact of the college entrance examination on education, that is, the content of the college entrance examination determines the content of education, that is, the content of the college entrance examination directly determines which subjects will be offered in daily teaching in schools, and which subjects students will focus on. The impact of the college entrance examination makes students' learning from childhood has to be full of strong utilitarian color.

Quality education is difficult to implement an important reason is that quality education advocated by the things can not be recognized by the education evaluation of the college entrance examination. Since 1977 to restore the university entrance exam, nearly 40 years, the college entrance examination in many ways, implemented reform, overall, and about the reform of the examination technology, most are more likely to succeed, but institutional reform, the reform when it comes to the university entrance exam, subject, content, the recruitment of students test subject, controversy and hover will appear constantly. Nearly two countries in the aspect of the college entrance examination test method and the admission process is still to try new things and work hard, hope to be able to leave students more choice and space, but the change only stays at the preliminary stage and limit in particular pilot areas and schools, did not have a significant impact on the current overall college entrance examination way, more important is the college entrance examination largely determine students' future development direction and prospect of status not so moved.

As a new thing, quality-oriented education overcomes the inherent disadvantages of exam-oriented education, conforms to the needs of healthy physical and mental development of teenagers and educational rules, and has exuberant vitality. We should believe in the bright future of quality-oriented education development. However, the development of any new thing is tortuous, because it is difficult to adapt to the existing social basis of the old thing, and it is difficult to eradicate the inherent ideas in people's hearts. The existence of exam-oriented education is the result of the comprehensive action of people's ideology and social reality, so it has its social foundation, which is exactly the factor hindering the development of quality-oriented education. The implementation of quality-oriented education should be based on the recognition of these obstacles, and more importantly, the society should make joint efforts to overcome these obstacles.

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