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Paper代写:English regionalism theory

2019-05-15 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

本篇paper代写- English regionalism theory讨论了英国地方主义理论。乡绅社会,即郡社会,是英国地方主义研究的核心和基础。郡内的地产是乡绅发展的基础,在人际交往过程中,血缘关系、同区域、同身份的人具有明显的认同感,独立的乡绅就是在这种认同感基础上建立起来的,对抗王权与贵族的力量也来源于此。中央与地方的关系是地方主义研究的关键问题,主要包括地方独立于中央的程度和范围;认同感与地域、血缘间的关系;凝聚力与地域、血缘间的关系;郡社会的概念、特点和表现;认同感是如何在郡乡绅中产生的。本篇paper代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

In the 1960s, Britain and other countries began to deeply study the theory of localism. The first study mainly focused on the study of Stuart dynasty, deeply discussed the nature of political society in England, and analyzed its formation reasons and social background, which laid a certain foundation for the subsequent research. In the 1960s, the theory of localism gradually developed and formed a pluralistic and multi-perspective research school. The traditional theories of localism include whigs and tories, who made an in-depth analysis of the causes and influencing factors of the British revolution in the 17th century. On this basis, other theories gradually grew stronger. Relevant scholars have shown that the county was the most typical representative unit in England in 1640. It was filled with a strong atmosphere of regionalism, and the contradiction between regionalism and centralization was the main reason for the revolution. Alan Everett is the main representative of the contradiction between regionalism and centralization. He thinks that independent counties constitute England together, and each county is an independent individual, showing distinct loyalty. He always adhere to the theory that "the development and progress of society is not static, it is constantly, in Elizabeth, stew heyday, the development of the county is the main form of expression, Hanover dynasty also shows this feature. It's impossible to say exactly when this gradual change took place, but it's real.

The gentry society, that is, the county society, is the core and foundation of the study of localism. The property in the county is the basis of the development of the gentry. In the process of interpersonal communication, people with blood relationship, region and identity have obvious sense of identity. Independent gentry is established on the basis of this sense of identity. The gentry is the most obvious sign and feature of the county society, and the community is also constituted by the county. County society actively participates in the governance of local society, is a harmonious and stable social system, and puts forward the interests of all parties. The relationship between the central government and the local government is a key issue in the study of localism. The relationship between identity, region and blood relationship; The relationship between cohesion, region and consanguinity; The concept, characteristics and performance of county society; How identity arose among the gentry;

Some scholars deeply studied the formation time of the gentry class, and believed that the gentry class had initially formed in the 13th century. Poole pointed out that "in the 13th century, the social nature and pattern changed from the original military nature to administration and justice. The army became professional, and military obligations could be solved through money. As a result, the administrative and judicial practice became the main focus of the county."

The change in the nature of the military took a step away from the cavaliers, allowing them to focus their attention and energy on government affairs and better serve the government. Their role has also shifted -- to play as much of a dual role as possible, one that is as important in county government as it is in the countryside. In the political life of the state, the role of the knights of the west gradually emerged, accelerating the process of land inheritance and transfer, improving the social and legal system, gradually getting rid of the control and constraints of the Lord, and becoming an independent individual. The gap between different classes is gradually reduced, and social relations are becoming more important. The needs and patterns of local interests have changed. In the past, they were dominated by knights and gradually transformed into representatives of the gentry class. Cours believed that in the 13th and 14th centuries, the gentry had gradually turned into a political force in the administration of local society, and its role and influence could not be ignored.

With the progress of the society, more and more scholars joined in the study of regionalism. In the 1960s, relevant studies began to develop rapidly, forming a complete theoretical research system of medieval history. In addition to the positive impact, there have been many voices of criticism and opposition. The author concludes that the criticism of "county society" not only considers that the understanding of the role of the county court is not deep enough, but also negates the relationship between the sense of identity and the scope of interests.

In the 1980s, Clive holmes deeply studied the theory of "county society" and localism, and put forward different views from the perspectives of government management and squire communication. In 1640, he thought, most of the gentry in Kent were small gentry, 800 strong, but not big gentry. The big squire was the county squire, and the little squire was the parish squire. The contact and marriage scope of the small squire were limited to the neighboring areas, and its influence was not enough to form the social identity. The squire family was the main source of the social identity of the county, but its influence and influence scope were not enough.

In 1998, Peter Fleming and Anthony gross published a book analyzing and evaluating the system of government in England, published by hamblyton press. The book reappraised the value of the county, and made an in-depth analysis of the structure of the English government system and the role of each component. As society develops, agents or stewards can be appointed to attend. In the second half of the 14th century, the gentry did not show obvious integrity, and the exposition of public opinions and opinions also needed to be dialectically treated. He thinks, the effect of county administration and influence are not huge, its effect and position still need to be studied in depth.

The study of localism has a history of nearly 40 years, and a large number of scholars and experts have joined in the study of local theories. The study of this theory promoted the study of medieval history and gradually formed a complete theoretical system of history, which enriched the field of historical research, especially the concepts of "gentry society" and "county society", and injected fresh academic knowledge into the theory of historical research. The development process of history is a complex matter, including not only the overall characteristics, but also the obvious individual characteristics. Geographical location, social progress, economic development level and so on will affect the historical development. At present, there is no unified conclusion on the definition of squire. Different schools and scholars hold different views, which increases the difficulty of research and requires more scholars and experts to join relevant research.

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