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英国Paper代写:UK urban environment construction and management

2019-05-14 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- UK urban environment construction and management,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国城市环境建设与管理。英国中央政府设立环境运输和地区事务部,负责城市的建设和管理。具体主管地方政府的改革;负责地区开发和地区性规划的审批,协调城市设计;负责有关建筑和土木工程等。地方政府也设立了相应的机构进行城市管理。其他管理事项充分发挥区域自治和非政府组织的作用,各个行业协会制定标准和计划。

UK urban environment,国城市环境建设与管理,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

China's central government has set up the ministry of environment, transportation and regional affairs to oversee urban construction and management. To be specifically responsible for the reform of local governments; Controlling environmental pollution; To be responsible for the approval of regional development and regional planning, and coordinate urban design; To be responsible for housing policies and fund raising; to formulate housing policies, financial management and building regulations; Responsible for construction, civil engineering, etc. Local governments have also set up corresponding institutions for urban management. Other administrative matters give full play to the role of regional autonomy and ngos, and various industry associations formulate standards and plans. In general, the main contents of urban environmental construction and management in Britain include:

Planning plays an important role in urban construction and management in Britain. In accordance with the requirements of the town planning law, urban construction and management must be based on planning and pay great attention to ecological protection and sustainable development of the city.

Urban land use can be divided into three levels. For example, it is explicitly required to combine the construction of new areas with the reconstruction of old cities, give priority to the use of idle urban land and not occupy urban green space. Second, the formulation of regional planning principles. It mainly includes housing construction, the impact of land use on the environment, transportation, infrastructure construction, garbage disposal, etc. Third, formulate local development plans. It is mainly the planning of land use, such as the site selection and arrangement of residential, industrial and commercial areas.

Road traffic system planning was improved scientifically. First, the planning ahead, high efficiency. In the planning and construction of roads in London and other old urban areas, radial road network structure is mostly adopted, with fewer level intersections and roundabout turntables in large intersections, which improves the road traffic efficiency. Second, the road network and public transport facilities were planned and improved. In London, Oxford and other cities, the planning and construction of buses and light rail are integrated. A number of large free parking lots are set up at important suburban exits, and special bus lines or subway connections are provided, which greatly diverts vehicles into the city.

Municipal infrastructure planning is scientifically advanced. British cities have a long history, but they have kept their original layout. Because the city at the beginning of the full consideration of municipal infrastructure facilities, and planning and construction ahead of time. For example, when London, Manchester, Oxford and other cities planned to build underground pipes for drainage and sewage more than 200 years ago, they set up a lot of space, even for cars. This leaves ample underground space for urban development. Pipelines are rarely seen above ground. For another example, there are quite a lot of public green Spaces in British cities. Even in the world cities like London, the core areas are also patches of public green Spaces. Infrastructure such as public courses and parking lots is also available in every community.

Most of the roads in British cities are narrow. Without changing the pavement structure, we should make full use of scientific and technological means and improve the road management level and use efficiency through scientific management.

First, a clear and complete "road language". The road signs in Britain are very clear. Road separation lines and zebra crossings are clear, and electronic signs such as "deceleration", "slow down" and "stop waiting" are erected on the road surface in different levels, all of which realize automatic monitoring and dynamic management. Second, highly intelligent traffic management. Police are largely absent from Britain's roads, which are equipped with a sophisticated intelligent transport system and numerous road monitoring facilities. Each city has a highly intelligent road monitoring center, which not only effectively manages the road traffic, but also implements dynamic management of the city's parking lot, which plays a crucial role in the traffic management.

Take London as an example, the city has built a three-dimensional transportation including subway, buses and taxis, forming a convenient and fast transportation network. Buses are highly developed. Dedicated bus lanes have been opened up on major roads, and free or low-cost parking lots have been built near major entrances and subway stations. There are also bicycle lanes on city roads. Boris Johnson, the current mayor of London, cycles to and from work every day.

One of the great features of British traffic is that there is no mix of people and cars. Many one-way traffic routes have been set up in central London, which can effectively increase the speed. Automatic "entry fees" for vehicles entering an eight-square-mile area of central London through electronic monitoring; Taxis in London are almost all booked, which can effectively reduce the empty operation of taxis.

Britain is one of the most closely policed countries in the world, and it is also a country with good public security. The reason is to make full use of new technology to strengthen public security management.

Major British cities have realized highly intelligent security monitoring. With the help of the ubiquitous video monitoring probe, the monitoring command center will monitor the whole city in real time. In London, the average person appears on video more than 400 times a day. At ordinary times the basic road can not see the police, the basic street Windows can not see the iron guardrail, but people's sense of security is very high, less public security incidents.

With the help of the highly intelligent public security monitoring command center, once there is a public security incident or emergency, the police in the area can be notified and rushed to the scene in the first time. The author once saw a market security guard to discover two thieves personally, in they just ran to be less than 30 seconds, see have a police to arrive in time and capture thief, efficiency is astonishing.

UK cities are heavily policed, with cars running red lights, speeding and other traffic violations recorded on surveillance systems. In central London, for example, entry fees must be paid on the same day, with evaders fined up to 80 a day. Residents living within the fee area should register with the transport for London within the prescribed period for residence tax exemption. Former British prime minister Tony Blair was fined more than 1,000 pounds for forgetting to register his family's car because he was too busy.

As far as I can see, the British are a model of law-abiding people. In normal times, whether in the intersection or the sidewalk, drivers and pedestrians are very abide by the traffic rules, drivers will automatically slow down when they meet pedestrians at the intersection to let pedestrians pass. There is no parking in the city.

The British government attaches great importance to the construction of urban public infrastructure, and has achieved standardization and standardization. For example, in London, Edinburgh and other cities, public facilities such as fruit boxes, telephone booths, fire hydrants, bus platforms and subway entrances are all built in a unified way. All sidewalks and car crossings are equipped with wheelchair accessible access, public places have wheelchair access, and sports venues are equipped with special access and seats for the disabled.

In addition, strict implementation of garbage classification management, food and kitchen garbage, recyclable garbage, non-recyclable garbage, heavy pollution garbage are placed in different colors of garbage cans, to facilitate recycling and transportation. Residents' garbage will be collected and transported by the local government for free every week. Garbage management fees will be included in the municipal tax, and residents will not have to pay any fees. If the trash is placed outside the bin or the lid is left open, the resident will receive a ticket. If the garbage is mixed, the workers will not clear it.

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