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paper代写-Use of Double Negative

2019-03-13 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Use of Double Negative,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了双重否定语法。双重否定包括在同一个句子中两次使用否定,否定可以采取直接否定词的形式。虽然双重否定在语法上被认为是不正确的用法,但有些语言却认为双重否定是唯一正确的表达方式。随着时间的推移,英语中的双重否定在不同的语境中表达出了不同的含义。在正式写作中避免双重否定是最好的,但在口头交流中却非常有效。首先,负协调规则使它有助于在必要时强调第一个否定。其次,双重否定在反驳时也很有用。

Double negative involves the uses of negation twice in the same sentence. Negation can take the form of direct negation words, such as “no” and “not”, or words like nothing, nowhere, etc. Although double negative is considered an incorrect use of English grammatically, it has been found in multiple other languages. Some of these languages even consider double negative the only correct way of expression. Overtime, double negative in English has evolved to convey different meanings under different contexts. In this essay, three different scenarios will be introduced, so that a generic rule of usage may be developed for double negative.

It is believed by experts of standard English that one subject construction of sentence should only have one negation, by adding the word “not” in front of the verbs, or “no” in front of the nouns to be negated. When it comes to the usage of nouns that already contain negative meanings, such as “nothing” and “nowhere”, the verb preceding these nouns simply should not be negated anymore. This is to avoid complexity in the sentence and potential confusion created by more than one negation. Therefore, in the context of academic or formal writing, double negation should be avoided since it is not grammatically correct.

Despite the disapproval from strict linguists, there are multiple occasions where double negation is applied in daily life. Double negation in English is most used in African American English, Southern American English, as well as some dialects in Britain. When a double negation is used to express something, it is referred to linguistically as “negative concord”. For example, it is often heard in TV programs or films sentence like “I ain’t going nowhere.” While the correct phrase should be “I am not going anywhere”, the replacement of anywhere by nowhere serves to emphasize the tone of the speaker. The use of nowhere expresses a stronger will from the speaker, and this is increasingly more popular in oral communication.

The application of double negation is not limited to the specific groups of people mention above. In real life scenarios, double negation is able to convey an entirely different meaning than direct positive. Although double negative and positive are equivalent in math, they may not be the same in English. For example, in the sentence “I didn’t not want to go”, the two adjacent “not”s are double negation obviously. However, it isn’t negative concord in this case, since the second negation isn’t there to emphasize the first one, but to negate as well. However, it is questionable whether the sentence can be simplified to “I wanted to go”, since it may change the original meaning of the sentence. In this case, double negation is a more effective way of expression, when the speaker wants to respond to something that is already negated.

In conclusion, double negative is best avoided for formal writing, yet can be very effective for oral communication. Firstly, the negative concord rule makes it useful for stressing the first negation when necessary. Although this usage is originated from certain ethnic groups, it is more commonly applied by the majority. Secondly, double negative is also useful in rebuttal, when a positive expression simply doesn’t say it effectively.

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