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paper代写-Corporate finance during the financial crisis

2019-01-30 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Corporate finance during the financial crisis,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了金融危机下的企业财务。美国金融危机对企业财务产生了巨大冲击,为了缓解金融危机对企业的影响,提高企业在市场中的竞争力,企业必须要实现财务管理改革,制定科学、合理的财务战略,兼顾短期财务战略与长期财务战略,充分利用企业内部资源,进而降低金融危机对企业的负面影响。同时,经历过金融危机的洗礼,企业必须要做好风险预测、风险控制工作,为企业面临未来的金融危机做好准备。

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The financial crisis has an important impact on society, the country and the world. Although the us subprime mortgage crisis receded for nearly 10 years, the impact of its legacy problems so far, resulting in China's economic growth rate gradually slowed down. In the post-financial crisis period, how to mitigate the impact of the financial crisis and how to improve corporate financial management are urgent problems to be solved. Based on the current problems in China's enterprise financial management as a starting point, and then put forward the importance of enterprise financial management, and finally put forward the corresponding solutions, hoping to provide some help for the development of China's local enterprises.

In 2008, the subprime crisis broke out in the United States. As a global economic crisis, it had a serious impact on international countries. Although the economy of all countries gradually recovered in the past 10 years, the impact of the subprime crisis still has not completely subsided. In the post-financial crisis period, China's corporate finance has suffered a huge impact, especially for some small and medium-sized enterprises with weak foundations. In order to ensure the sustainable development of China's market economy and strengthen the core competitiveness of China's local enterprises, enterprises must fully analyze the current market environment at home and abroad, and then develop a financial strategy in line with the development of enterprises, to ensure the steady development of enterprises and gradually get rid of the impact of the financial crisis. In the post-financial crisis era, Chinese enterprises are in a diversified, dynamic and loaded financial environment, and their financial risks are rising sharply. Therefore, it is of vital significance to integrate corporate financial strategy into financial management.

Financial management strategy is an important part of enterprise development strategy. It is also an important channel for the effective flow of enterprise funds in the strategic planning. On the premise of analyzing the internal and external environment, the enterprise should make a long-term plan for the development goal and realization goal of enterprise capital and strengthen the management activities of the coordinated operation of enterprise financial relations. The enterprise financial strategy decides the enterprise development direction and the asset disposition structure, has the important influence to the enterprise's economic benefit and the social benefit. Financial management mainly includes fund management, accounting management, budget management and risk management. Only by doing detailed work well can we promote the smooth development of enterprise financial management.

Today, belongs to the early stage of development of market economy in our country, is also the planned economy to market economy transition, the different regional economic development is uneven, combined with our country economic system is in "embarrassing" period, enterprises most power is concentrated in the hands of managers and make business decisions too simple, subjective. If enterprise managers do not have enough understanding of the development trend of market economy, they will miss multiple market opportunities, and they will not attach importance to financial strategies, thus failing to give full play to the auxiliary role of financial departments in enterprise decision-making. Many enterprises in China pay too much attention to the short-term capital security has become a common problem, the lack of financial strategic awareness. We must therefore take seriously the lack of financial strategic awareness.

Nowadays, many of our enterprises pay too much attention to short-term operating benefits and take the enterprise profit index as the subject of the mid-year assessment, which leads to the enterprises' positioning of financial management goal as profit maximization. As the enterprise managers pay too much attention to short-term interests, the financial management objectives of the enterprise are not clear and unified enough, making the enterprise objectives easy to lose long-term value, and thus leading to financial risks of the enterprise, which is also one of the common problems in China's enterprises, and has a very adverse impact on the long-term development of the enterprise. Thus it can be seen that corporate financial management objectives have become an important factor hindering the development of financial strategies and a major factor hindering the long-term development of enterprises.

Enterprise financial environment is the foundation and direction of the development of enterprise financial management, and it is an important guarantee to ensure the realization of financial management. Enterprise financial environment includes internal environment and external environment. Among them, the internal environment refers to the enterprise financial management status and enterprise development status, is based on the financial strategy for enterprise development; External environment refers to the market environment. In the post-financial crisis era, China's market environment is full of changes and crises. Nowadays, many enterprises in China pay too much attention to the internal environment and ignore the external environment. It is hard to understand the external environment of corporate finance. If an enterprise can only "walk with the head down", it will certainly not go far. Therefore, today's enterprise financial strategy is usually lack of flexibility and feasibility, to a large extent, hindering the effective implementation of financial strategy.

In the market economy environment, enterprises must first improve their financial management quality, in order to enhance their management ability. The enterprise wants to strengthen the financial management first condition is completes the enterprise financial strategy. Enterprise financial management contains many aspects, among which the financing strategy and investment strategy are the most important factors, which determine the enterprise capital chain and development direction. Along with our country market economy development, enterprise financing channels are also constantly increased, present a diversified forms, such as bank lending, stocks, bonds, etc., but as a result of enterprises to understand the financing channel is not enough, the enterprise can't seize the advantage of the financing channels, cannot apply, makes the enterprise capital turnover period longer, cost is too high.

Enterprise financial budget for the daily management has an important influence, but many companies are still insufficient recognition of financial budget, lack of understanding, unable to effectively realize the problem, they will be full of financial budget to finance department processing, the induction to the payment plan, and ignoring the financial budget of the strategic, overall role. Although many enterprises have realized the role of financial budget and set up corresponding budget branches in the financial part, they are too superficial and haphazard in practice and do not implement the plan completely according to the budget content. In addition, many enterprise managers do not pay enough attention to the financial budget, believing that the budget will restrict the flexibility of enterprise operation and only focus on the result after the completion of a project. As a result, the enterprise's financial budget is not scientific enough and it is difficult to control the actual expenditure in the implementation process.

With the continuous development of China's market economy, enterprises are implementing a series of reforms. However, some enterprises still use the traditional financial evaluation index system. The traditional evaluation index pays too much attention to the financial performance evaluation method and the direct valuation factor of evaluation index, but ignores the non-direct valuation factor of non-financial index. This kind of evaluation index is bound to affect the comprehensiveness of enterprise evaluation index, making financial performance evaluation too one-sided and seriously affecting t

To sum up, understanding question in our country enterprise financial management, construction, system problems have to be perfect, and second, the outbreak of the us subprime crisis to our country enterprise in the production of product prices, import and export situation, the enterprise strategy, enterprise management has brought the serious influence, so the enterprise financial strategy as an important method, enterprise resource configuration is also important means to ease the impact of the financial crisis, its necessity and importance is self-evident.

The us subprime crisis in 2008 was an economic crisis caused by the us real estate bubble and financial derivatives, which had a huge impact on all countries around the world, especially on China's economy. As a result, China's economy has not yet shaken off the impact of the financial crisis and brought severe challenges to China's economic development. The internal environment of the enterprise can only affect itself; And the external environment will affect the entire industry, the entire national economy. Because the change of external environment has a great impact on China's economy in the new era, and the external living environment of enterprises is more complex, China's economy has to promote the transformation of value transfer, which brings severe challenges to the strategic change and industrial upgrading of enterprises. In the new era, enterprise development strategy can effectively ensure the coordination of internal and external environment, so that enterprises can quickly adapt to the changes in the external environment. Its main functions are as follows:

First of all, the enterprise financial strategy as an important part of enterprise overall development strategy relies on economics, enterprise budget management, accounting and other factors, and then set out for the financial strategy of enterprise development, and environment of the financial crisis brings to the enterprise financing, financial problems, long-term development of the enterprise has a long-term significance. Secondly, the financial strategy can effectively set the financial authority of the enterprise, further optimize the corporate structure, and realize the systematic structure of corporate investors and operators. As an important means of coping with financial crisis, enterprise financial management can adjust its financial strategy according to the external environment and realize the dynamic financial strategy system. In a word, strengthening enterprise financial strategic management can help enterprises quickly get rid of the shadow of financial crisis.

With the deepening of international economic integration, the arrival of the financial crisis has brought great impact on the enterprises of various countries. According to the analysis of China's economic situation, domestic inflation, deflation, stagflation and other problems continue, and the enterprise market environment becomes more complex. In order to optimize the allocation of enterprise resources and grasp the development direction of enterprises. The author believes that Chinese enterprises should do the following:

The ultimate goal of an enterprise is to maximize its economic benefits. Under the market economy environment, a good financial condition is an important channel to ensure its profitability. Therefore, enterprise managers must recognize the importance of financial strategy, determine the important position of financial strategy in financial management, give full play to the positive role of financial management in enterprise decision-making, and make better use of enterprise resources in the post-financial period.

First of all, the relationship between financial and accounting, accounting, fully recognize the positive role of financial management in financial analysis, financial planning, financial analysis data as an important basis for enterprise development planning. Secondly, it is necessary to strengthen the publicity of enterprise financial strategy management, both enterprise managers and grassroots employees should have a strong understanding of financial strategy. Finally, we should take the financial management as the foundation, unceasingly improve the enterprise financial management level, strengthens the accounting statistics the analysis work and the forecast work. At the same time, we should fully implement the advanced enterprise financial management theory, according to the enterprise's own development situation, the overall planning of enterprise financial resources, so that the financial strategy becomes the core of enterprise development strategy.

The ultimate goal of enterprise operation is the maximization of economic benefits. Therefore, enterprises should take the maximization of value as the overall goal of financial strategy, adopt the optimal financial policy in the process of operation, fully realize the risk reward and time value of currency, and then continuously improve enterprise profits and realize the maximization of enterprise operation value. In order to maximize the value, first of all, we must take the reward time as the key reference index, and calculate the reward by using the time value principle. Secondly, the goal of maximizing time value can effectively alleviate the problem of enterprises' short-term goals, and more attention will be paid to long-term operating profits. In the financial management of enterprises, the relationship between risks and rewards can be effectively measured, and the balance point between the two can be grasped, so as to realize the goal of enterprise value maximization. Therefore, the maximization of enterprise value as one of the goals of financial strategy can develop a more scientific, reasonable and effective financial strategy, so that enterprises can develop stably in the post-financial era.

Enterprise financial environment is an important influencing factor of enterprise financial management, which will hinder the formulation and implementation of enterprise financial strategy. In the post-financial crisis environment, China's market economy is facing a trend of overall decline. It is necessary to analyze the internal environment of enterprises, the domestic market environment and the international market environment, so as to create a good financial strategic environment. In these three environments, the international market environment is unable to control, therefore, we must take the enterprise environment, the domestic environment as the focal point.

Enterprises should use their financial situation as a starting point, fully understand the impact on corporate financial strategy, strategic environment, in turn, strengthen the internal and external market environment analysis, formulate scientific and rational strategic target, note that the above mentioned problems is not short-term strategic objectives, scientific financial strategy is the combination of short-term and long-term goals mode, thus ensuring financial strategic flexibility. Therefore, enterprises must fully understand their financing, investment and operation. In addition, enterprises should also take full account of the external market environment, industry environment, especially the impact of the financial crisis greater industry environment.

The government should give full play to its macro-control functions, strengthen the development quality of local financial institutions and Banks, and build a banking, enterprise and third-party financial system. To build a strong guarantee system for enterprise loans; Support the leading enterprises in various industries, and then drive the local small and medium-sized enterprises, by issuing debt, stock and other forms to broaden the financing channels. And then create a good financial strategic environment for the enterprise.

Setting requires full financial value chain analysis enterprise financial management strategy, optimize the structure of the enterprise value chain, thus realizing the maximization of enterprise operating value, and then build a financial management system, through the organization system to realize the goal of enterprise management, to carry out the corresponding solutions, and successive solving problems in financial management. In today's market environment, enterprises must ensure the richness of financial strategy, which mainly includes two parts: first, solve the problem of enterprise capital source through enterprise financing strategy. Enterprises must constantly improve their social benefits and credit, and then raise funds from Banks and other institutions. Among them, joint-stock enterprises can borrow funds through listing channels, such as the gem. Second, through the enterprise investment strategy to highlight the enterprise investment focus, risk, quota. The key point of enterprise investment is to be prepared for long-term capital raising, seize market opportunities for development on the basis of financial security, and constantly make long-term and short-term investment cycle to obtain more economic benefits.

The U.S. financial crisis has a huge impact on our country enterprise financial, can alleviate the impact of the financial crisis to the enterprise, improve enterprise competitiveness in the market, enterprises have to implement financial management reform, develop scientific and reasonable financial strategy, both short-term financial strategy and financial strategy for a long time, make full use of internal resources, and reduce the negative impact of the financial crisis to the enterprise. At the same time, after experiencing the baptism of the financial crisis, enterprises must do a good job in risk prediction and risk control, so as to prepare for the future financial crisis.

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