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英国Paper代写:Taxing the Rich: Sound Economic Policy

2019-01-25 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Taxing the Rich: Sound Economic Policy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了向富人征税的问题。美国前总统奥巴马支持提高富人的税率。通过宏观调控政策,政府将增加的税收重新分配给穷人和中产阶级。至于政府,充足的财政税收将用于教育、医疗等方面。正确的财富再分配对社会是非常重要的。根据调查结果,一半的美国人支持对富人增税,他们认为增加税收有助于政府改善贫困人口的基本生活水平。

taxing the rich,富人税,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

A suitable taxation system is very important for both political stability and economic growth. There are two main taxing methods for the most governments. One is the flat tax system, which means the tax rate is the same for all tax payers. And another one is progressive tax policy, which means the tax rate will increase with the higher income. Therefore, the rich would pay much more taxes under this system. The advantages and disadvantages of these two tax methods have caused a heated debate.

The former president of America, Obama (2011), supported to increase the tax rate on the rich. Obama also pointed that the rich means the top one percent people who earned almost one fifth of all income in the USA. The increased taxes would be redistributed to the poor and the middle class by the government with the macro-control policy. As to the government, the sufficient fiscal tax revenue would be used on education, national security, health care, unemployment compensation and other aspects.

The super-rich sage stock-picker, Buffett (2011), pointed that the billionaires and the millionaires should pay enough taxes with an effective tax rate. He believed that taxing the rich could help the government to solve the country fiscal problems and rebuild the faith of the unemployment. This proposal was known as the “Buffett Rule”.

The poor and the middle class could be benefited from the increased taxes from the rich. The proper redistribution of the wealth is very important for the society. Based on the survey result of Newport (2007), half of Americans supported to increase taxes on the rich. The increased taxes help the government to improve the basic life level of the poor people. With the sufficient fiscal investment, the educational assistance and the unemployment insurance would be increased. The living burden of the people who are struggling would be reduced. Slemrod (1983) thought that increase taxes on the rich might significantly reduce the burden of tax payments among poor individuals and households. As to the rich people, the increased tax rate may impair their capital. However, Obama (2011) pointed that this policy is only used on the very rich people. In this circumstance, the increased taxes would not have great influences on their living quality. As to the government, taxing the rich helps to increase the fiscal revenue and helps the congress to fight with fiscal deficit.

However, taxing the rich also has some shortcomings. There are some people who believe that the flat tax system will be more suitable for the government. First of all, the same tax rate for the poor and the rich and the middle class will be more equitable. Besides, according to the review of Peichl (2014), the uniform tax rate would reduce tax avoidance and tax evasion. The empirical results found by Pántya (2016) also indicated that the tax compliance would increase if the tax rate was the same to all people.

To support the uniform tax rate, some people also find that taxing the rich has some disadvantages on the economy. Tamny (2015) pointed that the wealth of the rich had a good impact on the economic growth. The capital of the rich would be redistributed as a more proper way. The rich could use the money to expend the production scale and hire more employees at the same time. Tamny believed that taxing the rich would decrease the capital to boost the productivity and create more job opportunities. Besides, the increased tax rate on the rich people would reduce the investment. The rich would spend less money on investing new programs and decrease the enthusiasm of investment, which would have a negative impact on the economic growth.

As far as I am concerned, taxing the rich has both advantages and disadvantages. However, I think it is proper to increase the tax rate towards the super-rich people. Firstly, it helps to ensure the tax revenue of the government. Therefore, the government could use enough money to increase the infrastructure investments. Besides, the macro-control policy would be more effective on the economy. If the most of the wealth are concentrated on a few percent people, the redistribution of the wealth would be slower and more uneven. Secondly, it is a policy to help the government to control the economic behavior of the rich individuals. The rich people may influence the political campaigns with the money. They may also hire people to do some illegal activities. With the increased tax rate, the illegal activities of the rich would be limited. Last but not least, the rich and the poor have different living burdens in the world. The uneven of the wealth would increase the social instability. Therefore, the government must use some policies to meet the basic needs of people and ensure the social security.

References:

Pántya, J, Kovács, J, Kogler, C, & Kirchler, E 2016, “Work performance and tax compliance in flat and progressive tax systems”, Journal of Economic Psychology, vol. 56, pp. 262-273.

Peichl, A 2014, “Flat-Rate Tax Systems and Their Effect on Labor Markets”, IZA World of Labor, vol. 1.

Slemrod, J, & Yitzhaki, S 1983, “On Choosing A Flat-rate Income Tax System”, National Tax Journal, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 31-44

Tamny, J 2015, 'If You Want To Redistribute The Wealth Of The Rich, Stop Taxing The Rich', Forbes.com, p. 10.

Newport, F 2007, 'Americans More in Favor of Heavily Taxing Rich Now Than in 1939: Half of Americans favor heavy taxes on rich to redistribute wealth', Gallup Poll Briefing, pp. 1-5.

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