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英国paper代写-China-Japan trade structure

2018-11-01 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- China-Japan trade structure,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中日贸易结果。中日贸易发展势头强劲,双边贸易规模持续扩大。这不仅依赖于两国经贸结构中较大的互补性,还与近年来日本投资企业持续增加对中国的投资密切相关。在出口与进口上,中国对日贸易额占全部贸易额的比重不断下降,所以对日本的依赖程度也逐渐下降。中日贸易结构以产业内贸易为主,水平分工的趋势在不断提高。

China-Japan trade structure,中日贸易结果,英国论文代写,论文代写,paper代写

As two major economies in the Asia-pacific region, China and Japan have witnessed rapid development of their trade since the normalization of diplomatic ties in 1972. In recent years, the trade scale has been expanded rapidly, the two countries' reliance on each other has changed subtly, and their trade structure has developed to intra-industry trade. After the magnitude 9.0 earthquake in Japan, it is very important to grasp the trend of china-Japan trade relations in a timely and accurate manner.

China is the largest developing country in the world, while Japan is one of the developed countries. With the acceleration of world economic recovery, the trade between China and Japan continues to recover, and the total trade volume reaches a new high. According to Chinese customs statistics, the total trade volume between China and Japan in 2010 was 301.85 billion us dollars, an increase of 30% year-on-year. China has become the largest trading country of Japan, and Japan is the third largest trading country, the largest source of imports and the fifth largest export destination of China.

In recent years, trade between the two countries has presented the following characteristics:

In the past 10 years, the development of china-Japan trade has been strong and the scale of bilateral trade has continued to expand. This is not only dependent on greater complementarity in the economic and trade structure of the two countries, but also closely related to the continuous increase of investment by Japanese enterprises in China in recent years. After China's accession to WTO in 2001, the trade scale of the two countries has been rapidly increased due to the further increase of market openness, significant reduction of tariffs, government policy orientation and deepening of regional economic integration.

In the early stage of reform and opening up, China's economy began to take off, with insufficient experience in all aspects. In foreign trade with Japan, China showed strong dependence, and the mutual dependence between the two countries was extremely unbalanced. However, with the rapid development of China's economy and the depression of Japan's economy, the asymmetric changes of the two countries have significantly changed the dependency between them.

First of all, Japan's trade with China has maintained a strong momentum of prosperity. Whether in export or import, the proportion of trade with China in the total trade volume has been climbing, and the proportion of import volume with China is as high as 22.2%. It can be seen that Japan is more dependent on China now.

Second, Japan's importance to China is declining. Japan has always been China's largest trading partner since 2003 and before, but since 2004, the volume of trade between the eu and the United States with China surpassed that of Japan for the first time, making Japan China's third largest trading country, and has been maintained to this day. In terms of exports and imports, China's share of the total trade volume with Japan has been declining, which shows that China is no longer dependent on Japan as it was in the early days of reform and opening-up.

Up to now, the intra-industry trade index proposed by grubel-lloyd, namely the GL index is the most authoritative in the study of intra-industry trade. Generally, the index is greater than or equal to 0.5, indicating that the two countries mainly focus on intra-industry trade and have a high level of division of labor. If the index is less than 0.5, the two countries mainly trade between industries, with more obvious vertical division of labor.

It can be seen from the calculation of GL index in recent years that the development trend of trade in the industry between China and Japan is obvious. First, the high level of intra-industry trade in product categories accounted for the majority. Among the nine commodities, the GL index of the six categories of raw materials, mineral raw materials, chemical raw materials, raw materials manufactured products, general machinery and electrical machinery is over 0.5. Second, the level of intra-industry trade in capital - and technology-intensive products has increased substantially. The GL index of electromechanical products represented by general machinery and electrical machinery keeps rising, which indicates that China's industrial structure has been improved obviously in the dynamic development process of China Japan trade. Thirdly, the labor-intensive products in China Japan trade are still at the level of inter-industry trade. For example, the GL index of food has been hovering around 0.1, indicating that the intra-industry trade level of such products in the two countries is very low. To sum up, the China-Japan trade structure is dominated by intra-industry trade, and the trend of horizontal division of labor is constantly improving.

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0-magnitude earthquake occurred near honshu island, Japan. Affected by the large earthquake in the western Pacific Ocean, Japan's iwate, miyagi and fukushima prefectures were hit by huge tsunamis, which triggered the explosion of the fukushima nuclear power plant. The impact of the earthquake on the trade structure between China and Japan can be analyzed from the following aspects:

First of all, the earthquake affected areas in northeastern Japan, mainly including iwate, miyagi and fukushima prefecture three counties. About 443 square kilometers, or 0.12 percent of Japan's total territory, sank into the water after the quake and tsunami. Second, the affected areas of GDP accounted for 8% of Japan's economy overall, industry type is given priority to with the third industry, about 69% of its industrial scale, but also focus on some electronics, automobile, petrochemical, and other products, the products of large-scale China-Japan trade, supply shortage in the short term will inevitably cause the negative impact of s China-Japan trade. However, in terms of the proportion of economic aggregate in the region, the impact on the China Japan trade structure is limited.

China's exports to Japan will take a temporary hit as consumers and manufacturers lose confidence in the quake and non-essential goods such as clothing, agricultural products and electronics are set to take a hit. But China's exports of food, chemicals, steel and transport equipment will grow as Japan rebuilds.

The quake affected about 7 percent of Japan's port capacity and forced the closure of some ports, which would have a negative impact on China's imports from Japan. At the same time, China and Japan on processing trade, and Japanese firms across the plant will be the Japanese related disruption in supply chains, and to choose imported components of domestic alternative or replaced by Taiwan and South Korea's production part, the cost will be increased and the industry may have focused on high-end electronics, automobile and parts, household appliances, chemical industry, etc. On the whole, however, the severely affected industries are smaller in China and Japan's overall industrial output, so the negative impact will be modest.

Even after the earthquake in Japan, the development momentum of China-Japan trade will remain good overall. Under the background of increasingly globalized economy, the further cooperation and exchange between China and Japan in the field of economy and trade is of profound strategic significance. Among them, the transformation of the trade dependence between China and Japan affirms the development of China's economy in recent years, and the improvement of intra-industry trade reflects the improvement and upgrading of China's trade structure. However, in the reality of the trade gap between the two countries, on the premise of maintaining the labor-intensive comparative advantage, China should improve its ability of independent research and development, vigorously promote the policy of science, education and trade, and enhance the added value and technological content of China's export products to Japan.

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