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Paper代写-Administrative accountability

2018-08-10 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Administrative accountability,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了行政问责制度。行政问责制是建设责任政府的有效途径,也是加强行政监督的有力工具。行政问责制作为民主政治理论在新时代的回应,是政治体制改革的亮点,建设责任政府的基石和保障,对政治民主化进程有着不可言喻的作用。

Administrative accountability,行政问责制度,英国论文代写,论文代写,paper代写

Administrative accountability is an effective way to build a responsible government and a powerful tool to strengthen administrative supervision. With the continuous development of democratic politics, administrative accountability has become a "new highlight" of China's democratic and legal construction and political system reform. A comprehensive understanding of the administrative accountability system, an analysis of the dilemma of the administrative accountability and the ways to improve it must start from an in-depth understanding of the connotation of the administrative accountability system.

Up to now, the definition of administrative accountability can be divided among different opinions, and the academic community has not yet come to a conclusion. Western scholars have studied the administrative accountability system earlier and achieved remarkable results. The practical dictionary of public administration in the United States scholars jie M scheffel, puts forward the concept of "administrative accountability", and defines the scope of accountability for "official or organization authorized by law, its organizational position must be within the scope of the act or questioning behavior, within the scope of its social responsibility".

Compared with western countries, the study of administrative accountability system in China is just at the beginning stage of exploration. Scholars not only recognize the importance of the "new bright spot" of administrative accountability, but also expound from different perspectives and understandings. Although at present still is benevolence see benevolence see wisdom, but induction can be divided into two broad categories. "One is the belief that administrative accountability is a system of public accountability to the government. The second is that the administrative accountability system is the administrative system of accountability to its administrative cadres." Although academic opinions vary on the definition of administrative accountability system, it is not hard to see that they have a common foundation, namely the government and its officials has legitimacy for the use of public power, if adverse consequences shall be investigated for responsibility, essentially by responsibility restraint, restrict and regulate the exercise of administrative power, realize the public interest. As for the definition of administrative accountability, I think zhou's views are more representative. According to zhou, the administrative accountability system is an important part of the accountability system. It refers to a norm that specific accountability subjects implement the responsibilities and obligations of governments at all levels and their civil servants, and require them to assume negative results.

The connotation of administrative accountability can be understood from the following aspects. First, the subject of administrative accountability, that is, "by whom". In our country, the subject of administrative accountability is divided into homogeneity and heterogeneity. Homology is the superior leadership of the administrative organs, which includes party committee organs, power organs, judicial organs, the public and so on. Second, the object of administrative accountability, that is, "to whom", includes governments at all levels and their civil servants. Third, the scope of administrative accountability, that is, "what to ask". The government's inaction, inaction and chaos are all in the scope of retroactivity. Fourth, the process of administrative accountability, that is, "how to ask". From the beginning of accountability procedures to the end of accountability procedures, accountability procedures throughout. Fifth, the responsibility system of administrative accountability mainly includes moral responsibility, political responsibility, legal responsibility and democratic responsibility.

Administrative accountability is a reform measure of political system that complies with the development of international and domestic situation. Although the study of responsibility is an old topic, administrative accountability is still a "new topic" for our country. After the SARS incident in 2003, China began to launch the administrative accountability system in an all-round way. Later, with the handling of a series of problems, such as "fuyang inferior milk powder" case and "pengshui poem" case, the administrative accountability system set off a "wave" in China. While promoting the reform of the political system, this "wave" also reveals many problems that need to be solved.

The subject of administrative accountability is divided into the body and the body. It can be seen from the practice of administrative accountability that the limitations are mainly the same body accountability and lack of effective external supervision. The accountability is mainly carried out by the party committee and the government, that is, the accountability of higher authorities to lower levels in the government system, and the accountability of special administrative organs to administrative personnel. The main body of foreign body accountability includes party committee organs, power organs, judicial organs, the public and so on. In the process of the implementation of collective accountability, it is inevitably subject to the constraints of related interests, image, self-protection psychology and other factors. Both the intensity and effectiveness of AD hoc accountability are inadequate, often at the margins. From internal accountability to external supervision is an inevitable way for the development of China's administrative accountability system.

The subject of administrative accountability should be governments at all levels and their civil servants, mainly leaders with direct or indirect responsibility. However, the objective reality in China's governmental authorities is the unclear division of power between the central government and local governments, the vague scope of responsibility and unclear division of persons responsible. It is mainly reflected in the unclear division of responsibilities between direct and indirect responsibility, individual and collective responsibility, and different levels of officials. The relevant departments blame each other and prevaricate each other when accountability is investigated, forming an awkward situation where the accountability object is vague. The essence of administrative accountability is to investigate the negative consequences caused by the government and its officials' failure to exercise public power or omission in accordance with the law. At present, the vagueness of the objects of administrative accountability is bound to affect the efficiency of administrative accountability, and also to some extent promotes the culture of abuse of power or omission.

Since the administrative accountability system has gradually become a new "hot spot" in China, many local governments have introduced special administrative accountability system successively. On the one hand, the legal provisions of administrative accountability system are quite confusing, especially the specific procedural law, procedural law and relevant laws and supporting regulations that help citizens to know about government affairs. On the other hand, the different administrative accountability laws in different regions may lead to differences in the same problem in different places, from the object of accountability, the procedure of accountability to the consequences of responsibility. Finally, the establishment of relevant administrative accountability laws and regulations is not the goal, which is to fully implement and achieve the due effect. At present, it seems that the concrete operation method is not perfect. In the practice of exercising the rights of accountability, the subject of accountability lacks the guidance of relevant specific operating methods and cannot fundamentally reflect the institutional effect of administrative accountability.

Administrative information publicity refers to the general term of various activities and systems that government departments and public organizations authorized by law to manage public affairs take the initiative or make public administrative information available according to public application. It has become a public trend of administrative informationization development in today's world to emphasize the openness of administrative information and the maximum sharing of administrative information. The disclosure of government information is a necessary condition for the realization of citizens' participation, and also a foundation for the realization of government accountability. The openness and transparency of information related to the exercise of public power by the government and its officials, including the contents, methods and procedures, is an important information guarantee for the effective implementation of the administrative accountability system. However, the current fact is that there is a certain gap between the openness of government affairs, the breadth and intensity of information release and the real and comprehensive right to know of the accountability subject. First, administrative information asymmetry. The government has the initiative of information, relevant government information is not open and transparent, the right to know the subject of administrative accountability is not guaranteed, and information asymmetry leads to administrative censure to be implemented. Secondly, the disclosure of administrative information is incomplete. At present, China lacks relevant legal system and information management system. In the process of exercising public power, what information must be disclosed and in what ways are all in a legal vacuum. The incompleteness of administrative information will certainly reduce the efficiency of administrative accountability, and the effect will be greatly reduced.

Administrative accountability, as the response of democratic political theory in the new era, is a new highlight of China's political system reform. Building the cornerstone and guarantee of responsible government plays an ineffable role in China's political democratization process. As a new thing, it is inevitable to encounter difficulties on the road of growth. Only by actively identifying, analyzing and solving problems can it improve the efficiency of administrative accountability system.

Administrative accountability includes both homogeneous accountability and heterogeneous accountability. Under the current situation, which is mainly homogeneous accountability, it is necessary to strengthen heterogeneous accountability and highlight the effectiveness, credibility and democracy of heterogeneous accountability. First, strengthen the accountability power of the NPC. The people's congress is the highest organ of power in China, higher than other state organs such as administration and justice in the power structure of the country, and is the main accountability subject of foreign body accountability. China's constitution and relevant laws stipulate the right of people's congresses at all levels and their standing committees to question, investigate specific issues and remove power from power. In view of the reality of the unitary subject of the administrative accountability system in China, it is necessary to strengthen the supervision of the government and its staff, improve the accountability mechanism of the power organ in China, and ensure the operability of the people's congress. Strengthening the accountability power of the NPC is not only conducive to the healthy development of the administrative accountability system but also beneficial to the construction of a responsible government. Second, realize the accountability power of media public opinion and the public. In the west, the news media is considered as the "fourth power" besides the three powers of legislation, administration and justice. In recent years, the exposure of the events, the strong power of the news media is more obvious, and also fully recognized by people. To protect the news media's right to know and improve the legal system of accountability and supervision of the news media has become the work that must be done to strengthen the accountability power of the news media. On the other hand, the masses are the subject of socialist society and state power. The people have the right to make criticism, Suggestions, administrative appeals, complaints and accusations against the government and its officials, and to require them to explain the process of exercising the public power and the results produced. In view of the deficiency of citizen accountability system, accountability channels and accountability procedures in China's current administrative accountability system, we can achieve "power restriction by power". We should also pay special attention to the cultivation of citizens' spirit of accountability, the construction of an accountability culture in the whole society, give full play to the subjective initiative of the public, and realize the perfection of both software and hardware.

The key to define the object of accountability is to determine the responsibility and authority of the government and its administrative officials, and to insist on equal administrative accountability. First, to determine whether administrative misconduct should be subject to administrative accountability. It is not necessary to launch the administrative accountability system for all administrative irregularities. We should adhere to the principle of reasonable handling and make clear whether the administrative accountability system needs to be started based on the facts. As is known to all, starting a system requires a lot of manpower, material resources and financial resources to support it. Adhering to the principle of seeking truth from facts and reasonable handling can not only improve the efficiency of administrative accountability but also save administrative costs. Then, clarify the direct and indirect responsibility. The responsibilities and authorities between party and government officials must be clearly defined to facilitate accountability and investigation. Meanwhile, the scope of power and responsibility between right and duty should be clarified, the object of punishment should be punished, the phenomenon of scapegoating should be avoided, and the fairness and justice of government society should be upheld.

To prevent the dissimilation of administrative accountability, we must strengthen the construction of the legal system of administrative accountability. First of all, relevant legislation must be expedited to fill the legal blank of administrative accountability system, to ensure that administrative accountability has a legal basis in the implementation process, and to ensure the effectiveness and fairness of administrative accountability. It is worth noting that China's administrative accountability and relief system is relatively backward at present, which needs timely legislation to provide relief guarantee for the persons held responsible and further sublimate the concept of human rights. Then, in view of the practical dilemma of China's administrative accountability legislation that is relatively rough and different regions are not unified, it is necessary to unify the validity and application scope of various laws, regulations and regulations of the central and local governments and form a unified standard. From the central government to the local authorities, we should carry out unified laws, system standards and specific operating rules, guarantee the harmonious unification of China's administrative accountability system from the legal status to the next up and down, and promote China's administrative accountability system to play a more powerful role in the construction of responsible government and political system reform.

China is in a period of rapid economic and social development, and the Internet has entered the life of thousands of households and become an indispensable part. The implementation of administrative accountability also depends on the development and popularization of network technology. Now network technology is not only a convenient and fast way for people to communicate, but also brings impact and challenge to the traditional administrative mode. Under such circumstances, the government will have a greater sense of responsibility and justice and serve the people more transparently. The rational use of network resources to promote the construction of e-government system and increase the openness of government affairs and information transparency are not only conducive to the supervision of government behavior, improvement of work efficiency and reduction of administrative costs, but also conducive to the establishment of government image and reduction of government legitimacy crisis.

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