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英国paper代写-Horror fiction

2018-06-15 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Horror fiction,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了恐怖小说。恐怖小说,就是一种以激发读者的恐惧、焦虑和恶心等负面情绪反应为首要诉求的小说类型。而恐怖悬念则是恐怖小说惯用的手法,它激起的往往是恐惧、焦虑、恶心等消极情绪,然而另一方面,读者在阅读恐怖小说时还能产生愉悦感,这其实是符合心理学依据的。

Horror fiction,恐怖小说,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

Horror artistic conception refers to the author's intention to put the novel in a mysterious, grotesque, gloomy and deathly atmosphere in the background, and create a frightening effect in the expression space. Such as south sent three uncle "grave notes" and the "ghost blows out the bully sing shakotan coast adventure type of horror fiction generally sets the narrative to haunt of ghosts, death, grave, always give a person the feeling of horror. And the campus spirit writing even if choose common campus environment, also tend to the dark corridor, with no lights in the middle of the campus road, remote library such as the corner at the end of the grass, unpopular lonely places to places, to consistent with the novel bizarre the stinking narrative style. Reasoning mystery novel artistic conception of terror from bizarre murder or disappearance of one or a few central figure in the mysterious deaths of a narrative of clouds, or the clouds, and the dangerous obstacle, intricate narrative fan of terror is underlined by its artistic conception, like Cai Jun the 19th floor of hell "midnight flute" and so on.

Horror aesthetics is a paranoid aesthetic trend beyond the normal state of ordinary society and human nature, which makes people afraid and tremble. It is in China formed a trend in the new media of the new century literature, in addition to the various peripheral social and cultural reasons, and writers all kind of mellow superb narrative skills and the readers expect to fit inseparable. In summary, it can be explained from three aspects of art: truth and fiction, sensibility and reason, terror and pleasure.

According to Swiss psychologist and aesthetician bulow, "psychological distance" is one of the essential characteristics of "aesthetic consciousness". The greater the psychological distance, the greater the difference between the description in the novel and the real life, and vice versa. Whether in the field of art appreciation or in the production of art, the most popular realm is to minimize the distance but not to make it disappear. Horror fiction writer effective practice of this principle, they sometimes the surname name really appeared in the novel, reduce terrorist paranoia "psychological distance" of aesthetic and readers, such as he forgave and Zhou Dedong's novel, are seen in the name of "what" and "Zhou Dedong" character. As the beginning of the Spring Festival goes, "in the past, I wrote notes by hand. For the story to be told is inextricably connected with the news, whether it is the secret behind the news or the events it leads to. The main character is a journalist, the author has also been a journalist; The hero had the habit of remembering so much by hand, and the author had published a series of books called so many by hand. The main character's handwriting begins with the news, so does the writer's. Such overlapping identities shorten the distance between readers and strengthen the "plausibility" of their horror stories. South sent his uncle in the grave notes are written using the site simulation, "then I got on and where antiques to master said, the teacher promised to get me to YingXiongShan markets, a sound and I have a look, the place is a little flower heads in it." Scene gruesome mystery novel subject, but with a "YingXiongShan market" after many readers are familiar with and often go to the place names, on the one hand, causes the reader involuntarily lenovo, on the other hand also will strengthen and experiential perception difference effect of defamiliarization, let a person in the process of can't help but read produces the feeling of horror. This is obviously the author to inspire readers reading interest and use of smoke screen, although the reader will have doubts, but may also once believe terror is true of the novel, even if that trust is very short, will deepen and strengthen the novel to show the aesthetics of terror. In addition, horror novels also use the emotional principles that stimulate people's emotional desire in the process of art appreciation to write. The author creates the atmosphere of terror by creating the image of terror and describing the scene of terror. When readers in reading, often infected by the terror of the novel, can appear even a racing heartbeat, red-faced physiological reaction, the art terrorist terror inspired fear emotion with reality is no different. In order to stimulate this kind of horrible emotion, the writers of novels often try their best to strengthen this kind of emotional principle and render the atmosphere of terror. For example, the author of "broken face" set the story in the ordinary college campus, which is easy to remind young readers of their own environment, and the fear is more likely to be aroused. Novels at the beginning when it comes to Ye Xin and OuYangQian deep into the anatomy of the floor in the middle of the night, before the rumors about the anatomy of the building was haunted, has made the veil of the anatomy of the floor is covered a layer of eerie, coupled with the anatomy of the dark tower, heavy footsteps in the middle of the night, nailed on the iron frame of human body skeleton specimens, the old man's dismembered body scene such as rickets, readers fearful will arises spontaneously. When reading horror novels in the new century, the readers often nervous for the protagonist in the novel of terror, horror and fear for its, even thought he is also a horror novel characters, these are the author strongly want to fear effects. Of course, the rationality of readers will remind themselves that they are in a safe real life and have not experienced real terror. The collision between sensibility and rationality enables readers to feel the nervous excitement and the eerie feeling that other novels cannot.

Horror fiction arouse is often negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, nausea, however, on the other hand, the reader read horror fiction as well as produce pleasure, this is in line with the psychology basis. Meng Zhaolan researchers such as an experiment showed that under the effect of extraneous stimulus, the children's emotional flow between interest and fear, young children interested in reaching and robot with noise and fear appear alternately emotional responses. The same is true for fear emotions. New stimuli can trigger different emotions, such as interest, fear and surprise, depending on their degree of novelty and individual differences. Fear is a pattern of high tension and positive impulses. Horror novel aesthetic acceptance, experienced to the recipient of the terror itself is a kind of intense curiosity, with satisfy curiosity, readers will feel the joy and the fear is paid to satisfy curiosity. Horror novels use various narrative strategies to enhance the pleasure of readers in this sense of terror. Mystery mystery novels by rigorous logic and reasoning to build more tension, tomb adventure novels by mysterious terror chamber increase fearful, campus in the novel is the story set in readers familiar with the campus aesthetic distance to challenge.

In addition, the unique childhood memories of Chinese teenagers are also conducive to the spread of horror novels. Adolescent education in China still has a traditional side, whether it's the old man in the home for the kids tells the story of a ghost, experience of lighting incense worshipping Buddha, the tradition of worshiping ancestors, or is the reincarnation of Yin and Yang, the good and evil have reported to the thought, most people are exposed to in childhood and mysterious culture. Many people's memories of childhood are familiar with various bizarre events in horror novels, such as dead bodies, cats with nine lives, and deceitful corpses in tombs. From the word "unheimiliche" and based on psychoanalytic theory, Freud came to the conclusion that mystery and terror derive from something familiar but repressed. Mysterious and frightening thing is, in fact, he argues, is not something new or unfamiliar, but something familiar, already exist in the mind stuff, but due to the suppressed from among our brains. And the mysterious object Chinese childhood memories just so, they are engraved in the mind of children, or at least in childhood is no doubt, with the increase of the growth of the age and experience, rational thinking is getting stronger and stronger, people began to doubt the rationality of these mysterious things at this time. However, they will not be real to remove, when read horror fiction see these familiar and strange things, childhood memories will reappear again, to produce a unique terrorist and pleasurable effects.

Of course, in addition to the ancient, exotic, childhood relatively distant indirect factors such as culture, China's new media literature since the new century in the tide of terror writing and has a bright time, it is people accept the heterogeneity of postmodern culture psychology related, and closely linked with teenagers. Popularity of horror fiction is more young readers or audience, the reform and opening up in China in the 20th century in the early 80 s and 90 s is rare, this is the new century China youth subculture market gradually mature and adolescent independent consciousness, non-mainstream will gradually bright. Horror fiction is an important class of youth literature, is a subversion both the dominant ideology for the youth subculture characteristics of self-identity, the excluded outside the mainstream literature system, only in the corner in the world of online literature, in higher education of Chinese contemporary literature teaching Settings is more difficult to find. Proved to be more successful horror novel will be published, even on the best-seller lists, some have also been adapted for film and television play, but the inspire readers terrorist single demand and its many weaknesses, don't be recognized authority. However, it is this kind of "marginality" that satisfies teenagers' curiosity and rebellious psychology. Finally, modern terrorist events also provide emotional hotbeds for the popularity of horror novels. At present, all kinds of crime news, child trafficking, bloody violence, coupled with the growing international terrorism activities, often appear in newspapers, television, network and so on each kind of information media, people often inadvertently exposed to these terrorist information, this virtually greatly shortens the distance between readers and horror fiction. What's more, as mentioned above, horror fiction writers in the image, plot, scene are interested in simulation of different levels of the sex, the reader will inevitably to happen in real life terrorist events produce lenovo, despite the terrorist attacks may be fictional horror fiction, but its inspire terror emotion is true, these are effectively activate the horror fiction in space.

In the new century, there are certain advantages for horror novels in the way of network writing, paper-oriented and film-oriented. As a genre of popular novels, horror novels are legendary. "the life of elegant novels is normal, but the narrative text is unconventional. It is the characteristic of elegant novels to find out unusual problems in the routine life The life of a popular novel is extraordinary. It is legend. The narrative text of a popular novel is conventional. Popular novels to the fast-paced life of people provides a way to relieve stress and monotonous, enables the reader to immersed in the author created temporarily forget the real troubles in the world of mystery and horror, this also is the main function of real horror fiction. In addition, horror novels use a lot of modern psychological knowledge, which not only USES psychological knowledge to control readers' emotional state, but also USES psychological knowledge to solve doubts. Through the application of modern psychological knowledge, the new century horror novel stands out in many new media novels and attracts attention. Readers learn about psychology and get some pleasure from reading horror stories. Expressed in human nature level, the horror fiction has chosen the good and evil have reported, such as traditional ethics moral causality, the victory of justice over evil, good win good luck often is the core value of these novels, the misconduct phenomena of contemporary society is very necessary, also can arouse readers' hearts more positive energy.

Of course, as a genre of online popular novels, the current horror writing in China also has some fatal defects. First of all, the phenomenon of modeling and replication is serious. In the history of Chinese contemporary literature, yu hua, su tong, zong pu, mo yan and other works are not hard to find the obvious traces of creating a terrorist atmosphere. But in these works, terror is a means, not purpose, the ultimate goal of the authors create a terrorist atmosphere or criticism of the reality, the critique consciousness increases the work of ideological content, enhances the intense sense of work. As a horror novel TongSuLei kind of others is a terrorist and terrorism, creators to cater to the curiosity of readers, deliberately made scary scenes with thriller earn readers' attention, which will show the fickleness and utility. Therefore, while keeping the elements of terror, it is very necessary to increase the ideological content of the works, shape the characters, and enhance the awareness of social and realistic care.

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