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Paper代写:Real estate enterprise cost management

2018-04-11 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Real estate enterprise cost management,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了房地产企业成本管理。房地产成本是指在房地产开发过程中产生的各种费用,在其销售时得到回报。而房地产成本管理除了可以按照房地产项目开发的过程进行细分外,还可以根据成本管理本身的控制方法进行划分,这种划分方法易于理解,在实际工作中适用性也强。按照控制方法可以将成本管理分为三类,成本策划阶段的管理,成本控制阶段的管理以及成本核算阶段的管理。

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The implementation of a real estate project needs to go through several processes, such as filming, design, financing, construction and sales. The amount of money needed to shoot and build two parts is less than one million, and more than 100 million. Through self financing difficult to meet the needs of such a big, other decentralized management control of the equity financing is not conducive to the management control of the company, further influence enterprise strategic target realization. Therefore, the real estate such a large project fund is generally obtained through financial financing means. By means of loan, the fund will be continuously obtained to support the project cycle of several years, which will meet the daily expenses of the enterprise and the large amount of project implementation funds.

As mentioned above, almost all real estate project cycles take years. From the sale of the company to the last house, there is too much uncertainty from the policy or market environment, which increases the business risk of real estate enterprises. For example, the construction of capital chain fracture, contract default risk and demolition risk. The high risk characteristics of real estate enterprises create their strict internal control.

Due to the large number of related industries involved in the operation of real estate enterprises, it is easy to be affected by macro-economic control. In addition, investment finance policy will affect the real estate enterprise's capital chain problems, national relocation policy will affect the cost of real estate enterprises, to say the real estate enterprise management activity of policy-oriented, all kinds of investment, finance and land policy will be important influence on its development.

It is called cost management to predict, plan, decide, control and evaluate the expenses incurred in the process of production and operation. Enterprises have 7 means to manage costs, namely, forecasting, decision-making, planning, accounting, control, analysis and assessment. These seven aspects are related to each other and complement each other to form the cost management system. It is a kind of comprehensive management to turn cost management into a cycle of pre-management, management and post-management.

Real estate cost refers to the various expenses incurred during the development of the real estate, and is paid back when it is sold. The cost of real estate includes: land purchase fee, infrastructure fee, compensation for demolition and compensation, construction engineering fee and public offering fee. Real estate costs amount big, involve wide, cost accounting cycle is long, etc, therefore, must be careful and meticulous management, reduce the extravagance and waste in the process of real estate project development.

In addition to the cost of real estate management can be carried out in accordance with the real estate project development process of segmentation, can also according to the control method of cost management itself, this classification method is easy to understand, applicability in practice is also good. According to the control method, cost management can be divided into three types: cost planning stage management, cost control stage management and cost accounting stage management. These three types of cost management work have some emphasis. In the stage of cost planning, the main emphasis is to reduce the cost and increase the benefit, and to carry out the cost accounting in the whole, and to play a big overall control. The cost management in the control stage pays more attention to the realization of each goal in the operation of the real estate enterprise, and then reduces the cost on the basis of the realization of the goal. Accounting stage of cost management, more emphasis on the cost of real estate enterprises previously consumption, on this basis of the completed project cost, cost management requirements in timely and accurate cost accounting at this stage.

The cost management of real estate enterprises is integrated into various stages of the development of real estate projects, including many contents. The cost prediction of the shooting stage is an important basis for the decision of the real estate project, and also plays an important role in the final project development profit. The project design phase USES more accurate information to carry out the cost calculation again; Objective cost management and supply chain cost management in real estate project implementation; Dynamic cost monitoring real-time cost in construction process; The marketing cost management of later sales is the last important cost expenditure. These cost management constitute a system, which plays an important role in monitoring the operation of real estate enterprises.

Every business has two fundamental goals: survival and profitability. In the real estate industry enterprises, the enterprises are in a piece of the red sea to compete with other enterprises, these enterprises have to ensure their own competitiveness, we can talk to make a living. The requirement of the survival and development of real estate enterprises is that each real estate project receives more capital than the capital of the enterprise, and the long-term insolvency is bound to bring about the end of bankruptcy. Therefore, to implement cost management, reduce expenditure scientifically, and increase revenue is the only way for enterprises to develop in the long run.

Cost management is not only a measure of the quality of enterprise cost management, but also can measure the quality of products, material management and other management levels. Once the cost management work is done, it also guarantees the enterprise to tidy up the management level. For example, the cost management work is done, the low quality product rate is naturally reduced, this is the interrelated content, the enterprise's quality management work has been improved naturally. In addition, cost management also is closely related to labor management, human resource cost is an important aspect of enterprise cost, optimize personnel structure, reduce the enterprise staff redundancy, improve the staff's work enthusiasm these means can reduce labor cost, the end result will be reflected on the cost management performance. Therefore, cost management is a comprehensive economic management level indicator, this work is indispensable.

Real estate in China is an emerging industry, the industry is quite profitable, competition among real estate enterprises is huge, competition theory, enterprises with low cost strategy, differentiation strategy and centralization strategy to win in competition. However, due to the characteristics of the real estate industry, it is difficult to adopt the differentiation strategy. The real estate industry's huge appropriation of funds has also become an obstacle to the adoption of a centralized strategy. So, a better low-cost strategy is real estate? The key to winning I. Implementing cost management is an important way to implement low-cost strategy, so cost management is an indispensable part of real estate enterprise management.

The development cycle of real estate projects is a feature of real estate enterprises. In the long working cycle, it is necessary to implement the cost management of whole staff, whole process and whole elements. Real estate professionals often misunderstandings arise that the cost of real estate project development mainly comes from the construction, materials or equipment before construction of this item budget management can control the cost, lead to the other, all kinds of waste phenomenon occurred frequently. For example, the publicity expenses are overpaid and the cost of the extension is increased. So, the real estate enterprises to implement cost management is necessary, to include any tiny links and any elements in management category, participation of enterprise cost management is the core of implementing cost management.

The accurate cost estimation in the early stage is the key to the late benefit of real estate enterprises. The starting point of the cost management of real estate enterprises is to calculate the cost of a project, and a wise decision can make the project achieve high profit. Real estate take the decisions not only by the decision makers and conjecture, after ought to take to complete the project cost basis of accounting, reduce the decision risk, avoid selling low-margin, take up the phenomenon of money.

The medium-term control of real estate costs is mainly through the strict control of bidding management and contract management, so as to minimize the project change visa, so as to effectively solve the project cost uncontrolled. Contract disputes and construction claims in real estate enterprises will increase project costs. Therefore, the real estate enterprise should strengthen the legal consciousness, understand that the contract is the document protected by law, must not change arbitrarily. At the same time, improve the quality of enterprises to formulate contract, to communicate the terms of the contract, the contract terms carefully, carefully, to ensure that the contract performed smoothly, reduce accident cost. Through the implementation of contract management to strengthen the medium-term control, to reduce the risk and cost for the construction of real estate enterprises.

Engineering cost is the main component of construction project cost, accounting for half of the total cost, mainly including materials, subcontracting cost, interior decoration, etc. Control of this main component is the key to implement cost management. First, try to replace expensive materials with new materials with the same function, and develop new processes that will save manpower and material resources to reduce engineering costs. Second, the cost control target once, each part should be immediately split the cost, it is refined into specific cost control indicators respectively control of civil engineering, installation, fire-fighting and low cost of different project, etc. Different projects choose to meet the cost control objectives according to their own goals. Third, in the procurement and tendering process? Is the ape sugar hot? The principle of home is to strengthen the qualification examination and public assessment of the purchaser or subcontractor, and integrate justice and justice into the whole process, and reduce the cost.

Cost management is not only the work of the finance department, but also a cause for each department to communicate and cooperate with each other. Raise cost management to a strategic level and raise the cost management awareness of all staff through seminars, training, or other corporate visits.

Real estate enterprise cost management is a long way to go to work, the successful implementation of profit is large, therefore, the real estate enterprises should firmly grasp the characteristics of the enterprise, on the basis of accurate accounting cost plan, measures such as strengthening the labor contract, control engineering cost, a set of cost control measures, active participation and awareness, truly improve corporate earnings.

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