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Paper代写:Development of think tanks

2018-04-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Development of think tanks,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了智库的发展。智库就是一个思想的智囊团,为政府提供各种各样的想法,一些点子对于政府是有关键作用的,而且也能够指导政府进行长期、战略性的工作。所以,在政府工作中智库发挥着非常重要的作用。另外,智库之间的交流很重要,包括政府,政府会要求智库就某个议题去调查了解各方的意见,它把各种各样不同阶层的人、不同生活经历的人的看法综合起来,能够就一些问题达成共识和协议。

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On BBS, the chairman of China international finance co., LTD., chairman of China international finance co., LTD., who chaired the meeting, delivered a keynote speech at the global think tank summit on "major economic issues and think tank exchanges".

He said that the Chinese government stressed the importance of scientific decision-making, in government policy and business decisions, the think tank plays an important role, for the political, economic, social, cultural and human daily life has a great influence.

China has a historical tradition of valuing think tanks, and a lesson to ignore the think tanks. In the era of reform and opening up, the Chinese government emphasized the importance of scientific decision-making and had a deeper understanding of the value of the think tank. In the beginning of reform and opening up government consciously set up a consulting agency, more than 30 years, governments at all levels have set up a consulting agency, not only improve the system of the consultation, and all kinds of folk think-tank also became active in various fields, plays an irreplaceable role. However, how the think tank operates and manages, how to affect public decision-making, and how to maintain the independence of research, these problems have not been fundamentally solved. Hope that through this summit to strengthen exchanges and cooperation between all countries in the world, a think-tank, learning the experience of all countries in the world, a think-tank, looking for areas of cooperation, explore ground-breaking progress in cooperation way.

Vice President of the council on foreign relations kai ? gold on the BBS, points out that the global think tank summit, is on a large scale, is also a high standard of a summit, hold the summit for the first time in China, its influence is very big.

In the current global economic environment, think tank itself plays a very important role. Because think tanks are different, the form is different. About a third of its members are from New York, a third from Washington and a third from all over the country. At the council on foreign relations, we are a think-tank with a number of diplomats, retired diplomats and people who are enthusiastic about diplomacy. It is the greatest of times, and the worst of times, because we are faced with so many challenges, and these challenges are very difficult indeed. The global think tank summit is also about major economic issues, including some of the global challenges. In this period, think tanks can play a very important role, so the government relies on the think tank to give them some valuable advice. For think-tank, should rely on the think-tank experts, depends on the think-tank, some valuable experience and valuable knowledge, to make the government more resources to develop long-term, the right strategy, lead the whole country and society forward. President barack Obama itself is very value the role of the think-tank, constantly absorbing the opinions of the think tank before he was elected, we can from various aspects, including to write to him, or telephone, or through the mail, and so on various forms to him, a think-tank. So, for think tanks, in any President, say four years or even eight years, you can play a very important role.

What is a think tank? I think tank is a factory of thought, a factory of all kinds of ideas, called "idea factory". It provides a variety of ideas for the government, some of which are critical to the government, and can guide the government in long-term, strategic work. Therefore, the American think tank plays a very important role in zhuge liang. Think-tank, moreover, it is very important to the communication between, including the government, the government will ask think-tank on a certain topic to investigate the opinions of the parties, it brings a variety of different classes, different views of people life experience together, to be able to agree on some issues and agreement. There are some think-tank, mainly through their own websites, publications education to the public, to guide public opinion on certain issues, education, social public, that is, a think-tank, a very important way. Think-tank, has a variety of, have a plenty of special independent, never take government money, still have a plenty of can absorb part of the government's money, for example some won't have any politician or officials to participate in, but some will be part of the officials involved. Some think tanks work only in the United States, like the Carnegie corporation, and others operate globally. The most important thing these think-tanks have in common is that they are not profit-making and non-profit.

Government officials are busy, policy makers are busy, so we give them a brief, strategic message that gives them time to be patient. Have you to take the time to marketing your point of view, and to turn it into a user-friendly interface, look not to understand don't let it special complex and special, have special professional staff, have a good organizational structure, we have a lot of foreign relations, and the diplomatic community and media friends join in, so you can put the right information to the right hands.

The question of capital is always a challenge to think tanks. To get the money, and to remain neutral and independent, how can we solve this problem? Mainly rely on the diversification of funding sources, we have a membership fee, has the full backing of the foundation, with the support of the company, we have annual donations, and foreign magazines income and other foundations. Another challenge is to view the balance, we are to the left or right, is attention to a problem is too much, too little attention to another problem, a regional value too much, too little attention to another area. Our committee members represent a variety of different background, area, point of view, it is they that our representative more balanced, make our project more balanced, make our point of view more balanced.

And there is competition, and there is a lot of competition from American think tanks. As a result, we are always looking for ways to innovate and make our thoughts can affect the decision makers, make our minds to more effectively influence the decision-making body, faster to reach decision-making body.

The center for strategic and international studies, director of China research at the council on foreign relations in Washington project? President Charles freeman says, the role of the think-tank, is to give some long-term point of view of a very important role. The United States and other countries may be a little different, a think-tank is a bridge on the back and forth between the government and private enterprises, have the effect of back and forth communication, there are many government officials may work in the middle of the think tank for a period of time, back to government departments to work for a period of time, and then to think tank to fill in a short while, and then returned to the government. Therefore, the exchanges between the think tank and the government are frequent and not disjointed, which ensures that the think tank will always provide a constant source of intelligence for many politicians and business leaders.

A number of strategic issues, including market strategy, international strategic issues, solutions, and content are all provided by the think tank. One recent book, a book published by the brookings institution, talks about how think tanks can contribute to some pressing political issues and better influence government decisions. Beyond that, what is the real value of the think tank? At least in the United States it can form a kind of public opinion, let everybody be able to discuss some very important political or economic problems, so the government must be feedback or response to this problem, it is also a way to guide public opinion, most of the time the government will also take part in a variety of seminars held think-tank.

For government departments, if you want to apply their own policy, only on its own is very difficult, for instance we experience the current economic crisis, the government must take some special urgent action to solve, including some of the stimulus package, hope to be able to restore the economy. In addition, the government has a little opinion on the think tank, which means that the think tank only proposes some overly idealized Suggestions, which gives the government a lot of political pressure.

Thousands of a think tank in the United States, big, big, a think-tank, the role of the think-tank, is very important in the United States, whether the executor of the policy, policy makers, they all want to be able to listen to different ideas and different communication, for think-tank, he could very well for policy makers to produce some positive Suggestions, this is very important.

Speaking of the exchange of think tanks, I think it is important for us to retain the independence of think tanks. There are some think tanks that are not very independent, they may be part of this or that government department, and there are some. But think tanks should maintain a public, just and independent view of their own independent research.

I know that in China, we are now actively discussing how the Chinese think tank should cooperate with the American think tank. I think the communication between the two sides is definitely necessary and necessary. However, we should maintain our independence and maintain our respective perspectives and approaches, but we should respect each other and accept each other's differences.

International exchanges between think-tanks are inevitable, and the more international the think-tanks are, the better. From this perspective, think tank is an international product. Think tanks should communicate frequently and should be regular.

Why cooperate? Actually just talked about the independence of the think-tank, yes, probably a lot of think-tank, independent of the government, or independent of the party, but in fact if we are serious about it, a lot of, a think-tank, and no independent out of its country, it was actually with the interests of the country to work, to study, is standing in the position. However, in our society, especially in the process of globalization, we now have a lot of "global public goods", as a country with public goods, also have on international public goods, if only the pursuit of the interests of their own country, each country is likely to be the last global interests can't guarantee, the final oneself also can make a big loss, each country is an obvious problem of global warming now. For this kind of global public goods, we also need to have a new Angle and new way to study. Of course, many international organizations, such as the world bank, the United Nations, and so on, are in some sense studying international products. However, international organizations have their limitations, and their independence is affected. First of all, it is an organization that governments invest and governments manage. Second, it lacks a kind of competitiveness, and in many areas it is basically a monopoly, and these need to be done in a new way.

Now we need to have a civil voice, particularly what we call "citizen of the world," in that light. Many problems, if viewed from a country's point of view and from the world's point of view, come to a different conclusion, which requires cooperation between the global think tanks. Long-term, of course, there are still some problems, both the government and many international organizations, the important medium to long term, they handle or research is not enough, this requires cooperation between international think-tank to complement this shortage.

What issues should be studied between these international think-tanks? We can make a long list, but in fact is very urgent, such as global warming, poverty, new global economic order problems, especially now we face a new financial order, like a new order of trade and investment, the need for research. These should be areas of cooperation between international think-tanks.

How should the international think tank cooperate? How to strengthen cooperation in this area? To strengthen cooperation, the first is the communication, the first is to know and understand all aspects of the position, all aspects of the idea, all aspects of the conclusion, the think-tank summit is part of this cooperation. But I'm afraid that's not enough, so I suggest there are some deeper and higher levels of communication. , we can do is now between the international think tank can jointly set up a website, a think-tank, to produce large amounts of information every day, and the communication between information is very important, but to one web site to find one, it is very difficult, we can make a joint site, you click on to the site immediately know what new report between various think-tank, is there anything new in each field, and then we can connect to the database. The second is the communication between people, the think tank can be the communication between the personnel, such personnel exchanges and articles and other exchanges are equally important.

As to the issue of international public goods, we need to study together. So-called joint research, be about to jump out including think-tank, the influence of politics and state of the host countries and have a new point of view of this problem, from the perspective of a citizen of the world to do some large research, this needs to discuss between think-tank, together to do something related to human development, human future research of big problem. These need better co-operation between think-tanks.

And finally, the question of financing, where does the money come from? This requires the think-tanks to work together to solve this problem. There are a lot of entrepreneurs in the world, there are a lot of citizens, and they also care about these problems, the problem is how can we find a good way to find, these people are able to persuade them to support the research. Our world becomes smaller and smaller, as the traffic is convenient, with the emergence of the Internet, we are increasingly becoming a global village, and studies the policy of "global village", a series of things now also is very little, and we think tank cooperation just can make up for this issue.

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