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Paper代写:Platon's musical aesthetic thought

2018-03-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Platon's musical aesthetic thought,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了柏拉图音乐美学思想。柏拉图是古希腊伟大的哲学家,从他的著作对于音乐的零散的评述中,我们可以大概了解到他关于音乐美学的思想,即音乐的定义,音乐的和谐论以及音乐的功能。柏拉图认为音乐和谐与宇宙和谐、灵魂和谐是相通的,音乐反映了万物的本原,显示出造物者无边的力量。作为一个社会改革家,他把音乐当作改造社会的重要手段,把音乐作为对公民进行道德教育的得力工具。

Platon's music,柏拉图音乐美学思想,英国论文代写,paper代写,代写

There are three definitions of music by Platon. The first is science; the second is art; the third is the system of virtue education. In the "Symposium", by Platon Elishenmake eduarado said: "music can also be said to be in harmony with the rhythm of love phenomenon within the scope of science." There is a need to explain the "love phenomenon". "Symposium" is a discussion of love dialogue, Eli what Mark said "love phenomenon" refers to the coordination between the opposite factors, therefore, fusion, "love" phenomenon within the scope of the rhythm and harmony refers to the coordination between the high and low voice fusion between fast and slow rhythm, fusion, music is the study of these phenomena. The definition of music as science is derived from Pythagoras. Platon has fully accepted Pythagoras's view in music, and the concept of music is certainly no exception.

In the "dialogue" by Platon Gorgias, Socrates said the definition of second music: "music is the art of melody creation." This definition reflects the general situation of ancient Greek music, that is, monosyllabic music, that is, it only melodies without the harmony in modern sense, so music is the art of melody creation.

The third definition is: "when the sound penetrates into the soul, we regard it as virtue education. We try to describe it in music." Although this is not a straightforward definition about music, but it still tells us what the music is, that is, music is about virtue education. In Platon's "the Republic", other kinds of art, such as painting and poetry, are imitated. They are of little value to truth and cater to the inferior part of human nature, and poets are also expelled from the ideal country. Only music, he thought, has the power to win the hearts of the people. It is more important than any other education: "music education is much more important than other education. Is that for these reasons? After being well-developed, he was close to reason and regarded her as an old friend, because his past music education had made him familiar with her. He also said, "exercise the body with gymnastics, and edify the mind with music." Therefore, in Platon's view, music as a virtue education compared with other education is an incomparable and deep mind education, which edify the human mind and make human character noble and beautiful.

First, harmony is the integration of the opposite. Has been mentioned in the first definition of music, Platon first thought that music is the coordination between the high and low of sound, fast and slow pace of integration between the integration of these phenomena, he followed the Pythagoreans for harmonious judgment, advocate harmony is the harmony, the fusion of opposites, instead of both opposite and complementary. The unity of opposites. As Heraclitus thought, harmony is the combination of "mutually exclusive things", and different tones lead to the most beautiful harmony. Everything is produced by struggle. The point of view, Platon thought it was "vague and absurd" and "extreme absurdity". He said that in the "Symposium": "Heraclitus might have meant that the originally opposite treble and bass tuning now, so the art of music to create harmony. If the treble and bass are still on the contrary, they must not have harmony, harmony is because sound regulation, and coordination is a fusion of two kinds of factors, if still instead, could not merge with each other; when the opposite factors have each other in fusion there can be no harmony."

Secondly, the harmony of music should also be established by the agility of hearing. Platon thinks that music is both the art of number and the art of imitation, and he is interested in the concrete and perceptible mathematical relationship of music. In "nature", he praised the beauty of all kinds of proportions in music. At the same time, he used a contemptuous tone to belittle those musicians who could only play and know nothing about the number on the string and melody. However, Platon was a step ahead of Pythagoras for the understanding of the complexity of music. He believes that music should also rely on experience and intuition in addition to measurement and calculation. He said in "Flip Buss": "the music is not according to the size of the figures, but according to the auditory sensitivity exercise to establish the consonance, belonging to all the music playing method kithara". Music is a kind of architectural art that is based on calculation and measurement.

Finally, music can also reflect the harmony of the soul, and compared with it, the harmony of music is temporary, and the harmony with the idea will never disappear. Platon put the music of harmony and cosmic harmony analogy, in the "four", he describes a harmonious universe theory. The relationship between the relationship between the seven planets and the musical range is consistent. Music, on the one hand, is the art of numbers, and it is also the art of imitation. The harmony of music is the imitation of the idea of harmony. Therefore, music has something in common with the soul. Its common point is the concept of harmony, and music can embody the harmony of the soul.As mentioned above, Platon believes that the harmony of music is harmonious with the harmony of the universe and the harmony of the soul. Music reflects the essence of everything and shows the boundless power of the creator. As a social reformer, he regarded music as an important means of reforming the society and regarded music as a powerful tool for moral education for citizens. The fundamental reason is that he gives a very high value to the function that music can play.

The advantage of Platon's negation of music is to give people a sense of pleasure. He thinks that if music gives people a sense of pleasure is to degrade the function of music, the function of music is more noble and sacred than the pleasure of giving people a sense of pleasure. Even if he was happy, he added a lot of restrictions. "I agree with the majority on this point: the beauty of music is measured by pleasure. But this kind of pleasure should not be any pleasure only like this one and that one; for the best and the best education of music, especially popular in virtue and education of people's music is the most beautiful music". Fundamentally speaking, Platon still believes that music is not a meaningless pastime and pleasure. Its mission is to educate people to achieve spiritual harmony, cultivate people's moral sentiments and edify people's feelings. Music has the function of "taking beauty to infiltrate the mind and making him beautify". Music can make the character of the young, beautiful, good sense of sublime beauty, so as to guide their behavior. He believes that music education is essential for a "harmonious mind" form, that people will tend to "in complex things to contain and express the nature of the various understanding of temperance, courage, justice, noble and various properties of these properties, in contrast, no matter where they occur, we can identify they themselves and their image, regardless of the performance in big things or small things do not ignore them, believe they know themselves and their images belong to the same kind of skills and learning." Platon believes to be a mind and body beauty will be accepted blended with music education, reason to live. Therefore, Platon stipulates that in the "ideal country", music education is the most important in all education.

In general, although Platon's musical aesthetic thought is only scattered in the text, it has a great and far-reaching influence on the later generations. These ideas are of age and social limitations, but certain xiabuyanyu, Platon's music aesthetics still has high value for our understanding of Platon's aesthetic thought and his philosophy, but also has a positive significance.




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