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英国paper代写-Biography of William Gerald Golding

2018-02-06 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Biography of William Gerald Golding,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了威廉·戈尔丁。威廉·戈尔丁出生于1911年,于1993年去世。1983年,他获得诺贝尔文学奖,从此被全世界的广大公众所认可。威廉·戈尔丁的小说富含寓意,广泛地融入了古典文学,神话,基督教文化以及象征主义。其作品主题一般是与黑暗邪恶有关,但他的小说中也表达一种昏暗的乐观主义。

William Gerald Golding,威廉·戈尔丁,论文代写,essay代写,paper代写

Introduction

It is known to us that there are many well-known novelists over the British history and different novelists have different great works of different styles. And to get familiar with one’s early life and personal experiences can help the readers better understand why this specific novelist will compose his/her own works of an exclusive style. In this way, the readers tend to interpret a series of works of a certain novelist in an easier way. Therefore the following will mainly talk about the biography of William Gerald Golding, a British novelist, hoping that it can give some insightful suggestions as for how to under his works.

Biography of William Gerald Golding

William Gerald Golding, born in 1911 and died in 1993, was recognized by the vast public all over the world due to his being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature at the year of 1983. According to the editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, the rationale why he was able to win the Nobel Prize for Literature lies in his parables of his human condition (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2017). He was born on 19th September, 1911 in Saint Columb Minor, Cornel and he grew up in a 14th century house near a graveyard (Biography.com Editors. 2016). His father was the master of Marlborough Grammar School and his mother was a suffragette who always actively strived for women’s voting rights. Out of his father’s being a schoolmaster, his early education was received in his father’s school, Marlborough Grammar School. He had the intention to write a novel when he was a 12-year-old boy, but he failed at that time. Out of this failure, he became frustrated and he deemed that bullying his classmates can be a good way for him to deliver his emotions. Later in his life, he described himself in the childhood as a brat and he said that “I enjoyed hurting people” (Biography.com Editors. 2016).

After graduating from the primary school, he then received education at Oxford University. Though his father wanted William to be a scientist, he chose to learn English literature on his own, leading to the publication of his first work Poems in 1934, a year before his graduation. After college, he firstly worked in a settlement house and small theater companies both as a writer and an actor in London (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2017). Later on, he made up his decision to follow his father’s suite and taught in Salisbury at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in 1935 (Biography.com Editors. 2016). In that school, he taught English and philosophy to unruly young children and it was right such teaching experience gave him inspirations for Lord of the Files later on.

Although he was interested in teaching, he had no choice but to abandon the profession as a teacher temporarily in 1940 to join the Royal Navy and involve himself in World War II. When he was in the Royal Navy, he naturally developed a lifelong crushes on the sea and sailing. From the World War II, he had really learned a lot and he had ever said that “I began to see what people were capable of doing. Anyone who moved through those years without understanding that man produces evil as a bee produces honey, must have been blind or wrong in the head” (Biography.com Editors. 2016). Based on this, a fair knowledge can be obtained that his participation in World War II can be regarded as a fruitful material for his later production of many novels. It is as well mentioned that he had attracted many followers, most of which being attracted due to his performance in World War II (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2017). In 1945 when World War II was over, he turned to writing and teaching again.

The above has stated the general early life of William Gerald Golding and another important part to mention concerning William Gerald Golding is his works. To put it more specifically, Lord of the Files, the critically acclaimed classic, was his first novel in 1954 and it came out in the end after its being rejected for 21 times (Babb, Howard S. 1970). William Gerald Golding himself had described his first novel as “an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature” (Babb, Howard S. 1970). Being his first novel, it had set the tone for his future work and it seemed that he always examined man’s inner struggle between good and evil. Also, this novel was so successful that it had been considered as one classic that is worthy of profound analysis and discussion in classrooms in the globe at that time, which well indicated the high position of this novel then. Moreover, a new film version of this novel was released in 1990 and it allowed this book draw the attention of readers of a new generation again (Babb, Howard S. 1970). After from Lord of the Files, The Double Tongue is another crucial work of him that has to be pointed out. What is a pity to say is that The Double Tongue was published after his death in Perranarworthal, Cornell on June 19, 1993 (Babb, Howard S. 1970).

The same as Babb, Biles, Jack I has as well researched about the works of William Gerald Golding and what is different is that Biles, Jack I has mentioned more works of William Gerald Golding than Babb (Biles, Jack I. 1971). Detailed speaking, it is stated that Fire Down Below (1989), Close Quarters (1987), Rites of Passage (1980), Darkness Visible (1979), The Spire (1964), Free Fall (1959), Pincher Martin (1956) and so on (Biles, Jack I. 1971). As a matter of fact, some of his primary novels like Free Fall, Pincher Martin, Rites of Passage and The Pyramid have already been regarded as his legacy nowadays (Biles, Jack I. 1971). Among those ones, Rites of Passage had even enabled him to become the winner of the 1980 Booker McConnell Prize. From all these works of William Gerald Golding, it can be easily detected that he had a belief in the fact that “man produces evil as a bee produces honey” (Biles, Jack I. 1971). In the point of view of Biles, Lord of the Files could be considered as a disturbing and incisive portrayal of the fragility of civilization. Besides, he as well had many other works except of novels, like essays, plays, poetry, short stories even though he was mainly a novelist. He was so productive that he had even been knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1988 (Biles, Jack I. 1971), which could well suggest that he was highly praised at that time.

Last but not the least, Baker, James R has put forward a lot of new information about William Gerald Golding (Baker, James R. 1965). It is illustrated that he was born in the house of his grandmother and most of his childhood were spent at Cornwall. And he had an elder brother called Joseph who went to the same primary school where his father taught. In addition, the publication of Poems was possible with his friend’s help at Oxford University, Adam Bittleston who was an anthroposophist (Baker, James R. 1965). In 1939, he got married to Ann Brookfield and they had a son and a daughter, David and Judith. His daughter was an author as well and she had actually been influenced much by him so that she could become a successful author in the end. And it has been introduced that his wife was an analytic chemist. They lived next to Falmouth, Cornwall and he spent the rest few years at his house to toil at his writing. He died of a heart attack in 1993 (Baker, James R. 1965). The overall evaluation toward him is that “At the end of the twentieth century, Golding’s reputation was at its highest in continental Europe, particularly in Belgium, France and Germany” (Baker, James R. 1965). In addition, his play The Brass Butterfly (1958) and his nonfiction including An Egyptian Journal (1985) A Movie Target (1982) and The House Gates (1965) had additionally been involved in the research of Baker (Baker, James R. 1965).

Conclusion

From all the above, a reasonable conclusion can be drawn that William Gerald Golding is really a prominent novelist and he has composed various outstanding works. Or maybe it can be put in another way that most of his life time is spent in toiling at his writing and teaching, contributing to his later becoming a rare novelist in the end. It is obvious that his teaching experience and his participation in the World War process can account for a great part for why he can make a rare novelist out of himself. There is no doubt that there are still many other aspects as have not been mentioned in the above, which calls for further efforts. If you are curious about him, you can discover more about him on your own.

Works Cited

Babb, Howard S. 1970. The Novels of William Golding. Ohio State University Press.

Baker, James R. 1965. William Golding: A Critical Study. St. Martin's.

Biles, Jack I. 1971. Talk: Conversations with William Golding. Harcourt.

Biography.com Editors. May 23, 2016. William Golding Biography. A & E Television Networks.

Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2017. Sir William Golding. Online available from: https://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Golding.

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