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Paper代写:The Serpentine line of the Hogarth

2018-01-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The Serpentine line of the Hogarth,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了荷加斯的蛇形线。1753年,英国画家威廉荷加斯所著《美的分析》得以出版,这是欧洲历史上第一部系统的形式美学著作。在这部书中,荷加斯在经验观察的基础上提出了“蛇形线赋予美最大的魅力”这一著名的命题。在荷加斯的视角中,蛇形线不仅仅是一种抽象的的线型,而是渗透在生命和非生命形态中的律动。同时,蛇形线由于曲率的不同,本身又具有美的等级。

Serpentine line,蛇形线,英国论文代写,paper代写,代写

1753, British copperplate painter, art theorist William Hogas "Beauty Analysis" was published, this is the history of Europe's first systematic form of aesthetic works. In this book, Hogarth on the basis of empirical observation, put forward the "serpentine line gives beauty the greatest charm" this famous proposition. In Hogarth's perspective, the Serpentine line is not merely an abstract line, but a rhythm that permeates the life and inanimate forms. At the same time, the Serpentine line has a beautiful grade because of its different curvature. Reviewing Hogarth's "Serpentine Line" theory from today's perspective can make its meaning and value more clear, which is conducive to the promotion of theoretical research and its reference in practice.

After observing, analyzing and comparing various patterns of the form, Hogarth concluded that "The Serpentine line gives beauty the greatest charm". In his view, the line is the most monotonous line because of the difference in length, and the line is always the least in the most graceful form. Curves can vary in curvature and length, and are more decorative than straight lines. The combination of a straight line and a curve will make for more complex and diverse lines, and more beautiful than a simple curve. As to why the Serpentine line is the most beautiful, Hogarth that it is "flexible and vivid, while orbiting in different directions, so that the eyes can be satisfied and guide the eyes to pursue its infinite diversity."

Hogarth's argument is based on the British empirical approach. Empiricism philosophers believe that all people's understanding of the world should start from the perceptual, and through constant observation, experiment to prove, correct it. In contrast to Aristotle's deductive reasoning, the empirical approach often uses inductive method, starting from the study of individual and concrete cases, and concludes the general law. Hogarth on the "Most beautiful" of the "serpentine Line" is also based on a large number of observations, analysis and even practical conclusions. The empirical "inner sensory doctrine" also provides a basis for its research methods. Schofzbelli, a British philosopher, believes that people have a "inner eye" dedicated to feeling beautiful, and that people have a direct sense of beauty. Hatch that since everyone has the common "inner senses", then anyone's feelings and understanding of beauty should be the same. A course in the history of Western aesthetics. Therefore, even without the support of statistics and measurement data, the theory of Hogarth is still logically reasonable.

The research of modern psychology also provides support for Hogarth's "Serpentine Line most beautiful" theory. Gestalt psychology thinks that beauty is an instant view, and perception always tends to grasp the whole impression of the object in an instant. A visual object in which one cannot feel beauty in an instant is likely to have a problem with beauty. Therefore, to make the aesthetic judgment complete, the perceptual object should have a well-organized, simple and easily identifiable structure. Disorderly composition will cause visual confusion, inner uneasiness, beauty of course can not talk about. At the same time, people's perception and preference for moderate stimulation, too simple things also can't arouse people's aesthetic pleasure. Therefore, a perceptual object with aesthetic sense should be whole simple, clear, and rich in detail and interesting. The "Serpentine Line" praised by Hogarth is precisely the characteristic. On the one hand, it has the shape rule, has the whole easy to identify, on the other hand, it has the opposite direction different change. Compared with the single line and curve, it has advantages in diversity, and it is an organic unification of entirety, coordination, richness and interest.

In fact, Hogarth not only in the abstract "serpentine style" to feel its "greatest charm", but also in all life and inanimate things similar to "serpentine line" of the mood, rhythm found beauty and elegance. He said, "If we do not rely on our imagination, or the use of a certain form, its full diversity can not rely on a continuous line on the paper to show." The Serpentine line can appear as a contour line of the human body, and it appears as a result of similar shapes of bones and muscles. A serpentine line can be a virtual line hidden beneath the surface of things or in the consciousness of people. For example, the most beautiful posture of the human body at rest is always similar to the Serpentine line, and once the form of the body is detached from the Serpentine line, it becomes stiff and laughable at once. Graceful movements are also always marked by the Serpentine line, which is embodied in "when people are gracefully and politely delivering cigarette packs or fans to a woman, reaching out and then taking it back," or when the maid bows to the charm of her body. Small-Step dance also contains a serpentine line: In the dance, people's body gradually rise, and gradually fall back ... Interesting country dance, whose formation and trajectory is the alternation of rules and strings of serpentine lines. There is no serpentine line in the Savage's dance, "only made up of rude jumps, jumps, rotations, or movements, accompanied by spasmodic convulsions and singular postures."

From the perspective of Gestalt psychology, the "isomorphism" between physical phenomena, physiological phenomena and psychological phenomena makes Hogarth in different things and realizes the beauty of the common "serpentine line". Gestalt psychology attributes the basis of all artistic expression to the structure of a force, which exists in all physical and spiritual worlds, such as ascent and descent, domination and obedience, weakness and firmness, harmony and chaos, progress and subordination. The force that acts on people's psychology and pushes people's emotions is "isomorphic" to the universal force acting on the whole universe. Regardless of the specific serpentine lines, or similar postures, dances, or even the lightness of the painting, there is a common form of force that is freely stretched and rotated, and the beauty they evoke is common.

Hogarth that the different curvature of the Serpentine line, the degree of beauty is also different. He drew 7 serpentine lines, assigned 1 to 7 numbers, of which 1 to Line 3 lines were not sufficiently curved to look bland. Lines 5 to Line 7, on the other hand, are too large to bend to make them appear awkward. Only line Line 4 is the right, standard, graceful serpentine line. Hogarth that line Line 2 represents a man's body, line Line 4 is the figure of a woman, since line Line 4 is better than line Line 2, which proves that "women are more graceful than men." From the pure form point of view, Hogarth 1 to Line 3 lines of stimulation, stable more than 5 to Line 7 line is too stimulating, not enough stability. The middle line Line 4 is moderately curved, and it is a good balance between diversity, stimulation and stability. Hogarth the Line 4 line as the most beautiful serpentine line is not unreasonable, but to infer that the shape of the female body than the male body is somewhat biased. Here, he just forgot his summary of the form of the United States "adaptation" principle-local and overall intention to adapt to the form in line with the goal, in order to make things have the overall beauty. Just as horses and horses have different forms because of their different functions, the former is elegant, the latter is strong, and men and women are different in their respective missions in the long process of evolution. Men are the embodiment of power, body nature in the overall trend of the "serpentine Line" at the same time a few more just strong. Women are the symbol of gentleness, posture more like waves generally stretch, showing a mellow state. There is no good or bad between the two. Similarly, Hogarth Toad, Pigs, bears and other animal forms of ugliness, due to their body does not have a serpentine line, and the human body because there are more serpentine line, so more beautiful than other bodies, but also can not afford scrutiny.

"The Serpentine line gives beauty the greatest charm", is the Serpentine line as a form of one. But the form should conform to the needs of content, subject or character. Human sensory organs evolved in the long struggle for survival, and its essential purpose was to make a living response to the environment. Human vision is not the same as the camera can faithfully record the environment of everything, it always selectively perceive the most characteristic part of the environment. It is always easier to capture the structural characteristics of the force in the perceptual object than the expressive form of force. For example, when faced with a beating flame, people will first be attracted by the rhythm of the fire like life, without first focusing on the hue, lightness and purity of the flame color, what shape it is, and what trajectory it beats. Therefore, in the creation of architectural art, in order to show the solemn, stable, sacred and fair of the public buildings such as banking, government and court, the line elements may be more suitable than the serpentine lines. The pillars that support the weight of the building, if they appear in the form of a serpentine line, may only seem grotesque.

From the form point of view, the "serpentine line" shows a clear and regular two-way rhythm, and its own completeness. It is more suitable for the overall configuration of art works. such as the Greek classical era of the rest of the sculpture, the body's center of gravity is placed on one foot, the other foot naturally relaxed, the head, torso, lower extremities of the natural transition to the overall attitude of the "S" type. The "S" posture obviously has a more relaxed and graceful character than the standing posture of stiff plate in the antique period. In the masterpiece of the Borrughel painter, "The Snow Hunter", the Hillside and the horizon in the form of diagonal overlapping combination, although the "zigzag" line composition, but with the "serpentine line" of the essence, to form a far-reaching picture of the movement of the law. In the modern architecture design, the overall layout of the "Serpentine Line" of architecture is more beautiful than the "working style", "C type" and circle.

such as the local details of the works of art, "serpentine line", like straight lines, curves, ordinary wave lines, are serving the more important overall configuration, purpose and character. Because perception is always inclined to perceive things as a whole, any part or detail is secondary to the whole, and the "serpentine line" is no longer the "greatest charm" of other lines.

Hogarth's understanding of the "serpentine Line" contains rich connotations from form to content. The charm of the "serpentine line" is embodied in the diversity and unity of form and the inner beauty of the movement. Hogarth "Serpentine Line has the biggest charm" this assertion, in today's artistic creation still has the exuberant vitality, but in the concrete application, it has to obey "the entirety" the rule the restriction.

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