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Paper代写:Australia's food economy

2017-12-07 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Australia's food economy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了澳大利亚粮食经济。澳大利亚种植的粮食产物主要有小麦,大麦,燕麦,高粱,大米,豆类和一些油料作物,其中,小麦是其最重要的粮食作物。由于澳大利亚人口少,内需有限,所以80%以上的小麦和大麦用于出口,分别在世界贸易出口中占1015%,是世界上主要的食品出口国之一。

food economy,粮食经济,英国论文代写,paper代写,代写

Australia geographical environment Australia is located in southwest Pacific and between the Indian Ocean, the Australian mainland and Tasmania group Become, occupying an area of 768 square kilometers. Australia's population is less than 20 million people, average every square kilometers To 2 people. The agricultural population around 850000, accounting for 5% of the total population. Cultivated land area of 44.4 million hectares, according to the average total population Calculation, each have three hectares of arable land. Australia covers a vast area, in NaWenDai and subtropical, mineral resources Rich, farming and animal husbandry developed.

More than 80% of the land is owned by the state, the state through the licenses, the state-owned land to rent to transfer to the farmer and rancher or long-term use. Second, the Australian food economic types Australia mainly grow wheat, barley, oats, sorghum, rice, beans and some oil crop, among them, the wheat is the most important food crops. Australia's wheat quality, in food output, small Michael accounted for 59%, 14.8% barley, oats accounted for 4.8%, rice 3.6%. Among them, the wheat and the barley respectively The world output by 3% and 2%. As Australia less population, domestic demand is limited, more than 80% wheat and barley Used for export, exports respectively in the world of trade is 10% 15%, is one of the leading exporter of food in the world . Three, Australia food economic basis Australia has 130000 farm, there are about 50000 farm to grain is given priority to, 50000 farm in 80% of the farms To grow wheat primarily. Australia food production is basically a family business is given priority to, by more than 90% of the farm Personal or family members have. Wheat average farm size is 900 hectares, Australia's national each year about Planting 10 million hectares of wheat, 2.5 million hectares of barley. Four, Australia food management level Before the second world war, the Australian agricultural production is basically operations, food production level Low. 1934-1938, grain yield per hectare was only 792 kg, and the government of grain production and sales dry the less, is basically free circulation.

The second world war, Australia, i.e., the rapid progress, the cultivated land War in the early 13 million hectares, and expand to 44.4 million hectares of now. Grain also increase, by early war More than 650 hectares of increased to more than 1720 hectares. The federal government in Australia and sparsely populated, according to its labor The characteristics of the lack of power, with the focus on agricultural mechanization, obtained the quite big achievements. With the agricultural mechanization Practice, agricultural management way also gradually to change from the extensive style of intensive, grain yield level, wheat yield the highest level in the world. Five, Australia food environment for economic development Due to the increase of grain production more than the growth of the domestic grain consumption, Australia, the grain production Profit depends on the international market, and the second world war, the Australian food exports account for the proportion of the total production general In the above 50%, general can achieve 80% above, individual year even more than 100%.

In the post-war world food For a long time, the main production surplus grain for state one thousand laid-off food markets, in the great international background, and Australia Leah of grain production and sales can national intervention. Six, Australia food economic intervention policy Australia's food policy intervention is the world food intervention policy more successful examples. Play Australian The government in food production and marketing management in the role, is their food market system important to the success of an experience. In the city Field of perfecting the western market mechanism, the government still play a very important role, food market is no exception.

Australia is one of the main market economic countries, food production and sales though some market mechanism guide, food Prices have to supply and demand, but Australia at all levels of the government attaches great importance to the food production and market management, In the grain market system running plays underestimates role. Seven, food classification management 1, Australia is a federal, state, the states has a greater independence. The federal government and the states the food of management institution is based on the development of the market economy requirements set, in food production and marketing management in the play Since different effect.

The federal government is mainly responsible for the national food production and sales legislation and the relevant policies, the state negative Blame state food production, storage and transportation and sales work. The federal government in Australia primary industry and energy department representative league The government might be responsible for food policy and scientific research work, mainly including the food production, trade, and quality inspection , the nutrition and health and research and development five areas of policy. In all kinds of food, the federal government primary products industry and can The source of the direct management is mainly wheat, barley and other food mainly by the state government. As for food purchase And sales of concrete work, set up by the state through the states of food agency responsible for. The federal government in Australia about agricultural management agency has a distinct characteristics, it is carrying out a from birth Production to processing, distribution and the integration of the relevant link, and the circulation management as key to treat. In grain flow Tong, a domestic trade foreign trade by federal primary products and the doe unified management, foreign ministry actively Cooperate with developing international market.

This not only avoid the agency set overlap, overstaffing, mutual dispute over trifles phenomenon, mention High work efficiency, but also reduce the government workers and financial expenditure. 3, wheat is the main types of the Australian food production, grain production in 60% and 70% of, in the food accounts for more than 80% of exports. In view of wheat in the important role of the whole national economy, from the beginning of the twentieth century the Australian The federal government to implement policy intervention for food, wheat is only in federal law under the jurisdiction of the grain crops. 4, according to the second world war of the existence of the world grain production long-term excess situation, Australia The government food policy goal is basic, adjusting production, the expanded sale, make the region as far as possible together, minus Light surplus pressure.

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