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Paper代写:Management of engineering cost

2017-12-06 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Management of engineering cost,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了工程造价的管理。工程造价管理是有效控制建筑投资的至关重要的环节,而搞好工程造价全过程管理是一项复杂的系统工程。在实践中,造价管理人员必须与设计、监理、施工等有关各方密切配合,总结经验,共同把关,通过坚持不懈的努力,不断提高造价管理工作的质量,使造价管理工作对建筑投资的合理控制乃至对建筑业的促进作用得到充分发挥。

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This paper describes the present situation and existing problems of construction cost management in our country, puts forward corresponding countermeasures, and regulates the construction cost management, promotes the reasonable control of construction cost, and improves the efficiency of construction project cost management.

All along, the construction units often pay attention to the stage, and generally ignored the project construction project in the early stage of the cost control, the enterprise to the project cost management and the role of the management staff is not enough, ignoring the early stage of work as the investment control basis of investment estimates and design estimates of the role.

In the construction management stage, the cost control management is not in place, the economic problems and technical problems can not be combined together, did not find the problems in economic management as soon as possible, until the completion of the project to find a series of problems, the economy can not be remedied. In the construction process, only pay attention to the technology, production, and not pay attention to cost savings, can not optimize the technical plan, improve the construction process to reduce the cost of construction into the production management process.

Investment estimate, design estimate, construction plan budget, contract price, project settlement price are separately managed by the construction unit and its competent departments, design units and construction units, without a complete control system. The quotation management personnel of the enterprise and the management of the project are not communicating enough, most of the enterprise quotation managers and the management personnel on the project are separate, there are loopholes in the management link, the bidding thought of the bidder has no system to guarantee the accurate transmission to the management personnel of the construction site, Forcing bidders and construction managers to complete their work according to the standard of social average.

There is no scientific evaluation system, resulting in enterprises can not form a suitable quotation system for the enterprise, this is a huge waste of enterprise resources, precious economic and technical data with the completion of the building and disappeared. Thus, the enterprise lost the material foundation of the sustainable development, in this aspect the management always at low level hovering.

How to strengthen and perfect the audit link of the construction project? It is necessary to strengthen and perfect the completed audit, the audit before the project, the audit of the project, and the whole process of the project implementation, which can effectively prevent the foreseeable error, and also can help to control and manage the construction cost well.

Design is a very important beginning of construction, it is related to the safety and perfection of every step of the construction, and the effective control and management of the design link plays a decisive role. To strengthen and perfect the design link in the construction project, we should continuously strengthen the control and management of the design Unit's whole process.

Play the role of the government. Construction cost management and control is a system engineering, in the process of management control, the government plays a vital role. The quality of cost management is directly related to the government's image. Only by strengthening the Government's management and control, in the process of cost management in strict accordance with the norms of operation, and strive to improve the quality and level of modern management, to reduce the problem, to ensure that the construction of the economic and social benefits of unity.

In the investment decision-making stage to do a good job of basic data collection, to ensure detailed and accurate. Earnestly completes the market research, fully demonstrates the project construction necessity, completes several sets of plan comparison, the optimization is the key which controls the project cost.

As far as possible in the investment estimate, estimates the approximate engineering quantity, calculates the price and the datum parameter by the appraisal.

By means of administrative and economic measures, the design staff should carry out the quota design initiatively and control the project cost is the inevitable trend in the future.

Strengthen the professional ethics education to the designers.

Strictly to the good design units of access system, more stringent to do a good job of qualification approval.

For the construction unit to establish a correct view of achievement.

In order to establish the practical use of the project, we should recognize the practical needs of the project from the perspective of the actual needs and select the practical, economical and reasonable design plan.

The establishment of appropriate tendering criteria, the investment side to set a good base price, can not appear in the tender "non-standard" situation, can not be excessively undervalued, nor too bidding. At the same time to improve the bidding system, resolutely investigate the surrounding standard, string standard, selling the illegal behavior.

The construction project cost carries on the subdivision management, the building works is a comparatively long process, causes the change in the construction many factors, has the design change, the party's change, the material change and so on. At the same time in the construction process will also encounter unreasonable visas, resulting in the increase in project cost.

Strictly control the change of negotiation, material substitution, extra work and various extrabudgetary expenses, so as to pay after the first accounts. At the same time, the credit system of construction materials is introduced, and the material saving behavior is encouraged.

In construction technology and construction technology should also strengthen the cost management, in strict accordance with the construction drawings to carry out the construction, can not arbitrarily change the contents of the construction volume list.

Completion of the project settlement phase. To avoid the phenomenon of non-payment and arrears of units, to achieve quality, complete data, technical skills, reasonable cost, and strive for the vast number of owners and people to create safe and comfortable, quality of building products qualified. Strict inspection of hidden engineering Witness, preliminary examination of the construction unit of the settlement book.

The construction cost management is a whole process management work from the investment decision to the final accounts, no one link should be left behind. In order to improve the efficiency of construction cost management, we need government, construction, design, supervision, construction and other relevant departments to do their own work, close cooperation and joint efforts, so that limited resources are fully utilized, so that the construction project cost management to achieve the best results.

To quicken the transformation of Management idea is the transformation of thinking method, to gradually establish the international consciousness to adapt to the new situation, new changes, new problems and new requirements. But also to strengthen self-reliance and self-improvement, fair competition, respect for intellectual property rights, quality win, according to the law, the concept of talent aspiration. Standardize domestic engineering cost consulting market. First of all, we should actively carry out the personnel training, improve the technical level and professional qualification level of the personnel of the Consulting service unit. Secondly, the existing advisory service units to clean up, rectify, the unqualified to clear. Finally, formulate the behavior standard of the Advisory Service organization, establish the good professional ethics.

Reform and improve the pricing basis and valuation methods of engineering cost. The reform and perfection of valuation basis and pricing method is the key to the reform of engineering cost management. We should continue to perfect and reform the current project cost valuation basis and valuation methods. Valuation basis and valuation method reform and improve the idea should be: Unified quantity, open price, guidance fee. The real market price mechanism is through the law of value to play a role, the law of the invisible hand in the spontaneous adjustment of the construction market supply and demand. If the price of the project is truly marketable, it is possible to regulate the supply and demand of the construction market spontaneously, and to maintain the equilibrium of the market through enterprise growth and bankruptcy. The reform of China's economic system is market-oriented, and the determination of engineering cost cannot be dissociated from the economic system reform, therefore, the management of construction cost must take market as orientation, follow the objective law of market economy, and finally establish the mechanism of the market to form engineering price. We will actively carry out the method of winning the bid without reasonable price, which is the main mode of the project quantity list quotation. The Bill of Quantities is an international general valuation method based on perfecting the market and engineering guarantee system, and also the main valuation mode of the bid-free price, which is the direction of the reform of China's bidding system, and should be actively created as soon as possible. In order to ensure the quality of the project estimate, in addition to a sufficient depth of design drawings and their description, but also must have the correct reflection of the project cost information. The informatization work is the foundation of the management work well, the engineering cost Informationization should revolve the service for the construction market, the main line for the project cost management reform, the organization technology research, carries on the informationization construction and the application bigger development.

In short, the project cost management is an important link to effectively control the construction investment, and the whole process management of engineering cost is a complicated system engineering. In practice, the cost management personnel must work closely with the design, supervision, construction and other parties concerned, summing up experience, common checks, through unremitting efforts, and constantly improve the quality of cost management, so that the cost management work on the rational control of construction investment and even the promotion of the construction industry to play the full role.

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