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Paper代写:Differences between Chinese and American higher education system

2017-12-01 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Paper代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Differences between Chinese and American higher education system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中美高等教育体制差别。美国高等教育制度体现出个人主义和实用主义,而中国高等教育制度体现的则是权威主义和功利主义。美国高等教育注重学生对知识的应用与实践,而中国高等教育注重学生对知识的传承和构建。从另外一个角度看,相对而言,中国的学生比美国的学生更尊重知识和权威,美国的学生比中国的学生对知识和权威更容易质疑。

higher education system,中美高等教育体制,英国论文代写,paper代写,论文代写

In the eyes of many parents, there are too many problems in China's education system, and education experts have given their own reform plans, especially for the American learning. However, educational experts in the United States are also studying the problems of their own education system and learning from Asian education experience. In the course of education, influenced by different cultural traditions, the way of thinking and behavior of educational participants presents the alienation of travel, which inevitably forms different educational modes. However, in the age of information and change, there are adaptability problems in any educational mode. Education, especially higher education, plays a leading role in the rapid development of various undertakings, and all countries attach great importance to the development of higher education. From the rankings of World Universities, America's top universities are leading the world in both quantity and quality. China's higher education has achieved a leap-forward development through the 211 Project Education Revitalization Action plan and 985 projects, but there is still a certain gap compared with the world-class universities. Therefore, the comparative analysis of different modes of higher education, especially the Sino-American higher education model, absorbing and penetrating the Chinese and western, is of great significance to promote the reform of higher education.

The formation and development of a country's higher education system are bound up with the cultural tradition of this country, at the same time, different higher education system embodies different cultural tradition and cultural characteristics. Therefore, influenced by cultural tradition and educational tradition, the concept of higher education in China and America is quite different from that of many educational experts and scholars. It is generally believed that there are several aspects: first, the American higher education system embodies individualism and pragmatism, and the Chinese higher education system embodies the authoritarianism and utilitarianism. The United States through the integration of the original people and a series of wars to achieve independence as the world's largest immigrant country, and formed a unique idea of freedom and equality, reflected in all aspects of social life. And China is a country with a long history, culture stresses the unity of man and nature, emphasizing the concept of groups and despise individual ideas. Secondly, the American society is open and pluralistic, and the American Higher education system is inclusive and flexible. As a long history of ancient civilizations, China's social stability and orderly, absorbing strong, more emphasis on my main, serve. Thirdly, American higher education pays attention to students ' application and practice of knowledge, while China's higher education pays attention to the inheritance and construction of students ' knowledge. From another perspective, Chinese students are more respectful of knowledge and authority than American students, and students in the United States are more likely to question knowledge and authority than Chinese students.

Because of this cultural background and the difference of teaching ideas, we can see the classroom atmosphere is very active in the United States, students can interrupt the teacher's lectures and questions at any time. Although some of the questions seem very simple, the teacher will answer it carefully. And some problems are very sharp, students can even refute the teacher's point of view. Curriculum assignments generally require students to criticize the current policy or assessment methods. Teachers in the United States are encouraged mainly by the student's curriculum report or curriculum design: a great compliment to the students who are unique in thinking and not general in opinion; even if some students have just passed the report, teachers can also find the highlights of the article in the report to encourage. These incentives have greatly enhanced students ' self-confidence and are aware of the problems they report. And Chinese education respect the authority of the teacher, mainly to teach mainly, less interaction, students are more important to test scores and self-development, improve, team awareness is not strong.

Therefore, learn from the advantages of American education, the future education of our country should focus on the all-round development of students, cultivate students ' ability of communicating and exchanging social activities, strengthen students ' sense of teamwork, pay attention to the standards of information literacy ability, and require every student to learn initiatively in the process of learning, and search information through various channels. Determine the actual and comprehensive plan, and methodically absorb knowledge to adapt to the future development of society.

In the process of reforming and perfecting higher education, both Chinese and American higher education have experienced the period of centralization and decentralization, and finally gave up the management system of extreme centralization and decentralization, and in the present, China's higher education management system is relatively more centralized.

The American higher education administrative power and the academic power equal, the academic research is full of vigor, comparatively, the Chinese higher education academic development space is limited. At present, there are some administrative forces in Chinese colleges and universities, some of which are both academic and administrative, and the boundary is vague and ambiguous.

American higher education can actively and effectively mobilize social forces to invest in higher education and participate in the management of colleges. China's higher education relies mainly on government investment, while other investments have remained at a low level, and social institutions have declined in recent years to invest in higher education, and thus the impact of social institutions on higher education management has been small.

From the research results of teachers, with the strengthening of the overall strength of the society, the university faces more and more research subjects and goals. Chinese colleges and universities have rigid demands on teachers ' scientific research work, and set up corresponding incentive and examination mechanism, which aims to improve teachers ' scientific research ability and make them have more research results. But the mechanism itself has some deficiencies, promoted the quick-buck and speculative psychology, leading to the current high school teachers of scientific research quality, academic corruption phenomenon everywhere. In addition, because of the funding for scientific research in American universities, government subsidies and nongovernmental organizations,

There is also a large number of alumni donations, so the realization of a high salary clean situation, academic corruption phenomenon is relatively rare.

First, after the reflection of American higher education, the comprehensive quality education, the integration of professional education and general educational, realize the common development of people and society. Through this reflection, to solve the scientific supremacy of science led to the neglect of the humanities science education and quality training problems. However, China's higher education faces the same problems, which leads to the decline of students ' humanistic quality and the slow improvement of the practical ability of natural science.

Second, the Division of Higher Education in the United States is finer, and American students have a higher degree of freedom in professional selection, conversion and even transfer. Chinese students are more focused on basic education, only in the university entrance exam, only to the next four years or even a lifetime to be engaged in the professional understanding.

Third, the American higher education prominent interdisciplinary, the discipline development is more balanced. There are 21 interdisciplinary disciplines, 25 interdisciplinary disciplines within disciplines, and a large number of interdisciplinary specialties. At present, China's higher education does not have an independent interdisciplinary category, which follows the traditional classification of subjects.

Yang said that the success of higher education is to make each person's greatest ability and creativity fully play. In the school, students should read what major, should take into account two factors: external factors and internal factors. The current system does not take into account the intrinsic factors, which is not conducive to the development of science and technology. Not to pay attention to personal interests and talents, it is not easy to develop creative, independent insight, pioneering work ability. Therefore, the implementation of innovative education in colleges and universities, taking into account the interests and needs of students, the integration of various disciplines, in order to improve the comprehensive quality of students for the current reform hot spots, from the system to solve the shortcomings of China's education, to promote the improvement of China's higher education system and development.

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