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英国论文代写-The environmental effect of economy globalization

2017-06-07 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

本篇英国论文代写-The environmental effect of economy globalization讲了经济全球化的环境影响日益成为日益关注和争议的话题。环保人士批评,经济全球化是引发环境问题的一个主要因素,而全球化的倡导者则不同意,他们认为全球化进程有助于环境友好型技术的推广,从而解决环境破坏。本篇英国论文代写由51due英国论文代写机构整理,供大家参考阅读。


The environmental effect of economy globalization has become a rising concerned and controversial topic these days. The environmentalists criticize that the economy globalization is one major factor that imposes the environmental problems, while the advocates of globalization disagree, who believe that it is the globalizing process helps the diffusion of environmental-friendly technologies that resolve the environmental damage (Frankel 1). Hence this essay will examine whether economy globalization should be to partly blame for the environmental damage today, with both theoretical and practical support, and to provide a view that economy globalization does worsen the environmental problems, although in an indirect approach. At the same time the process has also helped to resolve the environmental issues, but may still lack effectiveness and intensity facing the severity of the problems. 

Nowadays human beings are facing a “destruction of nature and wildlife” with huge resource consumption, for instance, the over exploitation of water, air and soil (Conserve Energy Future 1). The environmental damage has become increasingly close to us, like acid rain, Global Warming due to Green House Gas (GHG) emission, the agricultural pollution runoff, and the PH 2.5 event in China, which claims an urgent conditions for us and our next generations. Some scholars argue that these damage largely come form the increasing economy globalization process that refers a process by which all of the nations and citizens around the globe are experiencing a more and more common environment of economy, and it will further lead to a common culture and society (Osland, 1).  

Firstly, some scholars have pointed out that the economy globalization has making it easier to transfer pollution because of rising income level, which mainly from developed countries to developing countries (Cho et al 1). The high-income level in developed countries has stimulated a desire among citizens for improving their living standards and so does the environment quality, and hence it causes a pollution transfer trend from developed countries to developing countries. This is because in developing countries the pollution constraints are less with an aim to attract foreign investment and economic development. And the economic globalization makes this transfer more easily.

Secondly, some scholars argue that the globalization and international trade have increased the transport volumes and so as the transportation pollution emission (Loïc 112). The production and consumption can happen anywhere within the fast, active and mature globalization supply and demand network. As Loïc (112) proposes that climate change is a major environmental issue facing us today, and the CO2 emission of transport is a main contributor to the global warming. The international production and consumption routines have burdened the emission more with not only domestic transport but also international airlines and shipments. The airfreight is according to Loïc to be “responsible for 4-9% of total GHG emissions released into the atmosphere”. However, the green energy technologies today are still not enough to relieve the environmental impact of a 3% annual increase in shipping (113).

On the other side, some scholars point out that maybe some of the globalization effects on environment have been exaggerated as most of the issues just stay locally rather than globally, and domestic means of transport (cars and trucks etc) still remains the major polluted means of transport, and hence people shall not sole blame globalization for the pollution emission (Loïc 113). To resolve this problem, people shall not try to reduce the aviation and shipment overseas, but focus on the study of clean energy substitutions such as electric and hybrid cars. 

Thirdly, the economy globalization has intensify the competition of scarce natural resources that triggers the developing nations to export resources, and it could possibly lead to an inappropriate deploy way when exploring resources (Runnalls 17). For instance, the African countries could achieve an impressive economic growth through exportation of oil, while they neglect the sink problem of soil. Although some may say this is a local specific problem that may not represent the whole globe, the severe environmental damage all comes from a regional environmental degradation gradually. 

Scholars also argue that economic globalization makes it incredibly difficult for different nations to just deal with environmental issues with their own national rules. This is because today most of the environmental problems are no long staying at a state level, but have across over boarders and escaping out of the system that is designed to govern them (Zimmerer 11). Besides, the rules may adversely affect the nation’s attractiveness for foreign investment and trade, especially for the developing countries, which further slows countries’ steps towards environmental rules. But to be noticed, today there have been a rising number of international institutes that help to govern the environmental issues around the world, especially focus on the developing world, which is also beneficial from the globalization process of knowledge.  

In contrast, although globalization has caused environmental problems indirectly, it can also act as part of environmental solutions. Economic globalization has further help to spread the environmental-friendly technologies through different countries faster (Runnalls 8). Developing countries like China and India are just experiencing the same stage that developed countries have already experienced, but they can obtain the same green technology as developed countries with lower costs, and lesser the pollution emission (22). With a popular demand for clean energy and products, the push of green technology can spread quickly among the globalization production network. Today, large multinationals also put recognized efforts in dealing with their polluted plantations in developing countries, for example, to set up high-tech recycling equipment for waste reduction (Boyce 110).

Considering the above different point of views, economy globalization should be partly to blame for the environmental problems today despite in an indirect way, as economic globalization has made the pollution transfer more easily and conduct more pollution emission, and further impose difficulties in regulations globally. Although people may over emphasize the effects of international transport pollution and the local pollution, the real environmental problems still exist and would be possibly worsen as global environmental damage. Additionally, economic globalization stimulates the capital transfer that is used to invent new green technology and so to preserve the environment. The economic globalization also further facilitates the international institutes to help govern the environmental damage all over the world. But it still lack of sufficient improvements due to a complexity and severity of the past centuries damage. Therefore the economic globalization should be to partly blame for today’s environmental issues, acting as both indirect causes and part of solutions. 

Word count: 1084

Reference 

Boyce, James K. Green And Brown? Globalization And The Environment. Oxford Review of Economic Policy20.1 Spring 2004: 105-128. Web. June 4th 2016. 

Cho, Y. S., Baek, J., Koo, W.W. The Environmental Consequences of Globalization: A Country-Specific Time-Series Analysis. 2008. Web. June 4th 2016.

Claudia, Ogrean; Mihaela, Herciu. Globalization And The Challenges Of Sustainablity. Economic and Social Development: Book of Proceedings: 374-383. Varazdin: Varazdin Development and Entrepreneurship Agency (VADEA). Oct 24, 2014. Web. June 4th 2016.

Conserve Energy Future. What is Environmental Degradation? 2016. Web. June 4th 2016. 

Frankel, Jeffrey, A. The Environment and Globalization. NBER Working Paper Series. Nov 2003. Web. June 4th 2016. 

Loïc Verdier and Huwart, Jean-Yves. What is the impact of globalisation on the environment? Economic Globalisation: Originsand consequences, OECD Publishing. 2013. Web. June 4th 2016. 

Zimmerer, Karl S. Agriculture, livelihoods, and globalization: The analysis of new trajectories (and avoidance of just-so stories) of human-environment change and conservation. 2007. Agriculture and Human Values24.1 Mar 2007: 9-16. Web. June 4th 2016. 

Runnalls, David, Najam, Adil, and Halle, Mark. Environment and Globalization Five Propositions. International Institute for Sustainable Development. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. 2007. Web. June 4th 2016. 


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