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英国论文代写-High- vs. Low-Context Culture

2017-06-06 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:更多范文

本篇英国论文代写- High- vs. Low-Context Culture讲了适应一个完全不同的环境有时候是具有挑战性的,特别是那些没有足够的跨文化知识和技能的国际学生。这来自另一个价值体系的学生尤其如此。以日常会话为例,中国学生可能习惯于问候“你吃饭了吗?”还是“你要去哪里”,而美国人是完全不同的。他们会问:“你好吗”还是“最近怎么样”?此外,中国人习惯于查询年龄,工资,家乡和婚姻状况等个人信息。相反,美国人高度重视尊重他人的隐私。本篇英国论文代写由51due英国论文代写机构整理,供大家参考阅读。


Adapting to an entirely different environment sometimes would be challenging, especially for International students who are not armed with sufficient cross-cultural knowledge and skills. This is particularly manifested in students who come from another value system. Take the daily conversation as an example, Chinese students may be accustomed to ask “Have you eaten yet?” or “Where are you going” in greeting section with friends, while American is totally different. They would ask, “How are you” or “How is everything going recently?” Furthermore, Chinese folks are used to inquire about personal information such as age, salary, hometown, and marital status and so on. On the contrary, Americans place high emphasis on respecting others’ privacy. Even though the cases mentioned above are merely simple and daily scenarios, they, otherwise, reflect the thinking mode between western and eastern people. 

High- vs. Low-Context Culture

The concept of high or love context culture is related to people’s thoughts, opinions, feelings and behavior within a given culture. North American and Western Europe are usually considered as low context culture. It means people in these places employ direct, individualistic way to interact with others. For example, businessperson in these areas place emphasis on real facts, strict rules and consensual contracts. However, the business dynamic in high context culture is different. Individuals from high-context cultures might have more interest on the gut feeling developed in the interaction process of business negotiations. And this is usually found in areas such as Middle East, Asia and Africa, who used to be collectivist and value the development of interpersonal relationships so as to enable the fulfillment of some particular tasks. 

Values are reflected in patterns of how individuals and groups interact via cultural communication. It determines and affects the way how people think, speak and act steadily in an enduring period of time. Chinese civilization originates when people realized that individual power can hardly survive without uniting especially in the face of bad natural environment. Accordingly, a powerful and aggregated group had been put as priority since ancient China. An individual’s development must depend on the harmonious relationship with others rather than independent growth. Once an individual separates from the group, he or she is regarded to have an extremely tough moving pathway. Furthermore, when individual interest is in conflict with the collective interest, the person should sacrifice himself or herself and follow the interest of collective. 

On the contrary, America is universally acknowledged as the representative of individualism. When Europeans came to North America, they are determined to get rid of social shackles, to pursue the unprecedentedly untrammeled freedom. Meanwhile, when facing the unexplored and sparsely populated American continent, they must depend on themselves in order to survive. Therefore, the independent spirit became the core of American people and inherited from generation to generation. It advocates the freedom, equality, and competition. And every individual is valued as a special existence. 

Conclusion

Based on the above analysis, one can found out the distinction between Chinese thinking and American thinking. Chinese value the interest of group while American value individuals. As a result, Chinese folks are used to pay attention to personal characteristics such as age, salary, hometown, and marital status so as to look for the sense of group belonging, while Americans place high emphasis on social norms and rules. However, with the ever-increasing cross-cultural communication and personnel exchange, people from different context culture have more mutual understanding towards each other and are more aware of the distinctions and coping skills. Nowadays, particularly with the booming growth of International student body, subsequent students can learn from the predecessors and are quicker in the adaptation process. It is believed that the communication barriers will be diminished sooner with the accumulated knowledge of intercultural communication. 


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