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英国essay代写-Racial Divide in USA

2017-09-16 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇英国essay代写-Racial Divide in USA讲了作为一个由历史上许多移民组成的国家,美国已经成为这些移民奉献的发达国家。移民的到来为该国带来了一些好处,对美国的不断发展作出了重大贡献Schlesinger,Arthur Meier,71-85)。对美国移民的深刻影响在于其未来的基础,改善,繁荣和进一步发展。本篇essay代写由51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。


Introduction

Being a country composed of a number of immigrants in history, the United States has become a developed country with the dedication of those immigrants. The arrival of the immigrants has brought a number of benefits for the country, with a great contribution to the constant development to the United States (Schlesinger, Arthur Meier 71-85). The profound influence on the United States of immigrants lies in its foundation, improvement, prosperity and further development in the future. However, there has always been less harmonious social issues during the developing process pf the United States, namely the racial divide. As a matter of fact, the United States has been troubled with racial divide since the foundation of the country, especially the prejudice against the African American people. Influenced by the economic recession and crisis since the 1980s, the gap between the rich and the poor has been increasingly widened throughout these years. Besides, the Civil Right Movement has accelerated the deterioration of the racial divide in the country. With the historical factors and the factors in reality, the racial divide is becoming more and more and tense in modern society in America. Cultural difference is one of the factors leading to the racial divide in the United States. By referring to these cultural characteristics or elements, people would usually tend to assign some kind of special characteristics to certain groups of people, which could explain their bias towards this group of people (Matsick and Conley. 113). This paper aims to explore a wide range of aspects related to the racial divide in America, including the current status, the historical factors and performances of the racial divide. The prejudice on the black Americans is also included as a necessary section.

The Current Status of the Racial Divide

    There a great number of people in the United States, mainly composed by the white who come from the European countries. Being the majority of the United States, the white has been experiencing a sense of ethnocentrism since the foundation of the United States. In contrast, there are also other races of people who come from South Africa and the Middle East areas including the Hispanics, the African Americans, the Asians, the Indians, the Alaska Natives and the Hawaii natives (Wong, K. Scott 295-296). They are regarded as the American minorities. There have been constant efforts to decrease the racial divide in America. The Declaration of Independence passed in the year of 1776 is the first bill of rights aiming to entitle the citizens with equal rights in politics and society in the world. However, this one has never managed to deal with the racial divide in the United States, which has been existing at the beginning of the appearance of the country. The following movements such as the Civil Right Movement lead by Martin Luther King also aims to change the situation of the racial divide and to argue for equal rights for the black. But the racial divide has never been completely eliminated. There has been racial discrimination against the Negros, the Indians and then a wider races of people. When comparing the white with the black, it is inevitable that there is apparent difference between the two kinds of races in a wide range of aspects, such as the educational gap, the employment status, the average wage gap and so on. 

Historical Factors of the Racial Divide

The factors leading to the racial divide on the United States are rather complex, with a combination of historical factors, cultural factors as well as social structural factors.

The immigrants to the Unites States contribute to the historical factors of the racial division. The United States has been well known as a nation composed of immigrants for a long time. The impact of the immigrants on the Unites States is probably more important and influential than any other country in the world. The America will never achieve its existing success without the steady flow of worldwide immigrants who make their contributions to the development of the country (Daniels, R). This is the reason why the western United States can develop into a worldwide technology center from a paradise for wild animals. This also contributes to the colorful national culture of America. The three influential immigrant waves have brought different races of people and ethic groups together to the United States, however, there has been more and more serious racial division and even racial conflicts with the population diversity. A number of Africans are shipped from the South Africa to serve as manual labors in order to satisfy the need of plantation development in the south area. This is the beginning of the racial discrimination on the black in America. Following the three waves of immigrants in history, the population increases at an alarming rate. The composition of the population in the Unites States becomes more and more diverse, which is bound to exacerbate the racial divide and tensions in the country.

The immigrants have brought different cultural values to the United States. People have different religions, beliefs, life styles and values, which are basic elements of culture. Different cultures collide and gradually merges together in the country, making compromises to others in order to achieve the purpose of coexistence (Dolan, Jay P 61-72). Thus the United States have formed a distinctive national culture. However, it is impossible for different cultures to be fully integrated with each other in reality. Generally speaking, the culture of the minorities including their attitudes, values and languages are taken less important than those of the majorities, thus it is difficult for the American minorities to enter the white mainstream culture.

The last factor accounting for the racial divide is the social structure. The social structure is hard to be seen or felt in detail. By referring to a series of social political and economic systems, the social structure plays a dominating and an oppressing role on the minorities of the United States. The idea that the black are the lower races has been accepted in the social structure, which then influences American law, customers and traditions. As there are no practical and effective actions taken by the U.S. government, the racial divide between the white and the black is becoming more and more obvious. It is the fact that the racial divide and discrimination have their own historical and cultural factors, however without the complete reformation of the social structure, it will be unrealistic to eliminated the institutional racial divide in the United States.

The Performances of the Racial Divide and Prejudice on the Black

The legal sense of racial divide and discrimination have gradually disappeared, however, the racial divide which can be reflected in the daily life still exists and develops in modern society. The fact is that both the economic strength and the social status of the black have a great gap with the white in this white mainstream society in the United States (Cardarelli, Roberto, et al 1-11).

    One of the most common racial divide is that people tend to view the black in the same way. For example, racial stereotype is one of the most controversial ones in the world. One of the stereotype is the stereotype between the colored race and the non-colored race. In the past, white people always think they are better than black people, not only about skin color, but also includes other aspects, such as social positions, right and equity (Peffley, Mark, and P. M. Sniderman 30-60). Today’s American constitution acknowledges that all people are equal. It expresses that white people and black people are in the same position of law. Almost all ancient black Americans are from Africa. Serving as slaves, the black Americans are stronger than white Americans, so they are thought to be more capable of violence (Burgess, Diana J., et al 1341-52). As Brent Staples describes in the Night Walker, “To her, the youngish black man-a broad six feet two inches with a beard and billowing hair…seemed menacingly close” (1), there are always stereotypes and discriminations on the black. Being troubled by the racial divide, Brent Staples has never resigned to the way people stereotyped him through his constant efforts to change the situation of the racial divide. Thus, there is a stereotype in some American people’s mind that black people like to do bad things.

In addition to the racial discrimination on the black Americans, the performances of the racial divide are also obvious in other aspects in life. In the first place, the black Americans have been disturbed with the unemployment, poverty, drug abuse and crime problems which never get enough attention from the government. For example, the U.S government has never taken effective measures to deal with the proper placements or compensation for the black veterans after the Vietnam War, leaving them with psychological problems and life distress at the same time. Many of the black Americans have to become criminals in order to support the family. Besides, the black Americans are inevitable to meet employment divide in their lives. The first difficulty is the language. Many of the African Americans are bad at English, which is difficult for them to find a job in America. Even for those who are fortunate enough to have a job, the salary is much less than the white Americans for the same position. As for the educational situation, it is less satisfying as well. Although there is an increasing number of black Americans who are able to accept higher education, the proportion and the educational level of the educated black Americans are much less than the white Americans. These aspects then lead to the economic dilemma of the black Americans in return, making the racial divide more and more serious.

Conclusion 

The composition of the American society and the development of the United States have a close relationship with the ethnic minorities. When it comes to the unfair social phenomenon due to different colors and cultures, the racial divide between the white and the black is against the advocated freedom and equality in American society. The prosperity of the American society and its influential position in the world should be attributed to the efforts of the minorities rather than the majority of the white. Nowadays, the equality and justice of some ethnic groups have been realized to some extent, but unfortunately, the racial divide still exists in America together with the poverty and prejudice on the black people (Brooks, Roy L 279). The U.S government needs to admit the racial divide and discrimination in nowadays society. The inequality of the ethnic minorities is still the most serious and challenging issues for the government to deal with. However, it is believed that a society with less problems in racial divide, prejudice and discrimination will be realistic with the coherent efforts of the country and the general public, which will benefit the country itself and the whole world in peace and prosperity.

References:

Brooks, Roy L. "Rethinking the American Race Problem. " Black Education (2014):279.

Burgess, Diana J., et al. "The effect of perceived racial discrimination on bodily pain among older African American men. " Pain Medicine 10.8(2009):1341-52.

Cardarelli, Roberto, et al. "Self-reported racial discrimination, response to unfair treatment, and coronary calcification in asymptomatic adults - the North Texas Healthy Heart study." Bmc Public Health 10.1(2010):1-11.

Daniels, R. "Coming to America: a history of immigration and ethnicity in American life. " International Migration Review 26.1(1990).

Dolan, Jay P. "The Immigrants and Their Gods: A New Perspective in American Religious History." Church History 57.1(2009):61-72.

Matsick, Jes L., and Conley, Terri D., “Cultural Stereotypes and Personal Beliefs: Perceptions of Heterosexual Men, Women, and People.” Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3.1 (2016): 113-128. Web. 16 Apr. 2016.

Peffley, Mark, and P. M. Sniderman. "Racial Stereotypes and Whites' Political Views of Blacks in the Context of Welfare and Crime." American Journal of Political Science 41.1(1997):30-60.

Schlesinger, Arthur Meier. "The Significance of Immigration in American History." American Journal of Sociology 27.1(1921):71-85.

Wong, K. Scott. “: Almost All Aliens: Immigration, Race, and Colonialism in American History and Identity." Pacific Historical Review 78.2(2009):295-296.


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