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英国essay代写-Anthropocene Means Opportunities and Challenges

2017-09-11 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

地球不再是原始的纯天然地球,因为地球被人类活动所改变。换句话说,地球现在包含了人类学和社会学的属性。诺贝尔化学奖获得者保罗•克鲁岑(Paul Crutzen),他在2000年提出了一个名为“人造革世界”的新词。本篇essay代写由51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。


Nowadays, the earth is no longer the original pure natural earth due to the earth is changed by human activities. In other words, the earth now contains attribute of anthropology and sociology. Paul Crutzen, winner of the Nobel Prize in chemistry, he put forward the new term named Anthropocene in 2000. Crutzen The group of scientists led by Crutzen , the Holland scientist, thought that human activities has been already broke rudely in the process of natural evaluation since the beginning of the industrial evolution in the late 18 century. In addition, they said that human activities as the main geological exterior force had a profound effect on surface configuration, produced great influences and changed the original rate of earth evolution. Therefore, the Holocene actually has been finished, human beings has already changed the earth’s climate, geography, creature and hydrological environment profoundly, radically and permanently. In other words, the earth entered into a new geologic age called Anthropocene. 

Paul Crutzen defined accurately the geological starting year of Anthropocene in 1784. That time was the invention of steam engine by Walt. As for the deadline of Anthropocene, it should be the year of natural death of human beings, and it probably last for thousands of years or more.

The essay holds a view that human beings has entered into another new geological time called Anthropocene. In this era, humanity’s impact on the natural world, not second to the nature itself. Human activities are becoming the leading force to affect and change the earth. Today, the earth is not natural anymore because the humanity’s impact. The changing process can date back to industrial revolution. Therefore, the new geological time is supposed to begin at industrial evaluation time. The view of essay based on the some creditable evidences. These evidences are the latest researches which receive acknowledge and support by most of scientists and experts.       

W Steffen,J Crutzen and JR Mcneill explore the development of the new geological time called Anthropocene in their study The Anthropocene: are humans now overwhelming the great forces of Nature, and they chose the single and simple indicator to measure the progression of the Anthropocene. The indicator is the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. Their research showed that the Anthropocene began in the late 18 century along with the onset of industrial evolution (Steffen, W, J. Crutzen, & J. R. Mcneill, 2007). The global geophysical force is not only the pure nature itself but the societies and human beings.

Lewis, Simon, and M. Maslin in their essay Defining the Anthropocene also explored the new term Anthropocene. He said that many natural events can directly affect   earth including the catastrophe, meteors, etc. But these events happened rarely in the human history. Therefore, human activities are the common and general factors to affect earth (Lewis, Simon & M. Maslin, 2016). The Anthropocene not just means negative matters but it guide human beings care more about the nature and the environment. Human beings should construct a harmonious, friendly and sustainable earth together. 

The research J Zalasiewicz,M Williams,W Steffen and P Crutzen implicated that the Holocene has been finished and the new geological time named Anthropocene began. But Anthropocene not only just the good news for human beings but explored that human beings would face bigger changes for both science and society (Zalasiewicz, J, et al., 2010). The relationship between human factors and naturals factors is intertwined. That means both of them could easily and profoundly to affect each other.

In conclusion, Anthropocene as the new term speared among academia. Many experts and scientists support this new term. The term Anthropocene represents the general trend, however, the term has not yet finalized. The chronological order of geology has still not yet been admitted. There is no denying that human beings as strong role influence global biogeochemical cycle profoundly and radically. In the future, human beings would meet more challenges and opportunities within Anthropocene. Human activities also can build a sustainable earth to benefit earth.

Works Cited

Lewis, Simon, and M. Maslin. "Defining the Anthropocene." EGU General Assembly Conference EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, 2016.

Steffen, W, J. Crutzen, and J. R. Mcneill. "The Anthropocene: are humans now overwhelming the great forces of Nature?" Ambio A Journal of the Human Environment 36.8(2007):614-621.

Zalasiewicz, J, et al. "The new world of the Anthropocene." Environmental Science & Technology 44.7(2010):2228-31.


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