纵观整个写作考试，似乎应该概括为“Issue让我们变得广博，Argument让我们成为辩手”，那么，argument essay 写作是什么?下面英国论文代写平台来分析一下argument essay 写作特点、破题步骤、写作步骤及论证方法。让大家明白argument essay 怎么写：
一. argument essay 写作特点
What is an Argument?
A strong argument attempts to persuade the reader to accept a point of view. As such, it consists of a proposition, a declarative statement which is capable of being argued, and a proof, a reason or ground which is supported by evidence. The evidence, in turn, is composed of relevant facts, opinions based on facts and careful reasoning. If you are analyzing an argument, you should look for both of these: a proposition and the evidence supporting the proposition.
Attack the Argument
Each argument's stimulus has been intentionally"loaded" with flaws (fallacies) that you should acknowledge and discuss. If you fail to see the more fundamental problems in the argument, you will not get a high score.
The purpose of the essay is for you to critique the reasoning in the argument (the stimulus will tell you to make this evaluation). Your personal opinions are not relevant. Your essay needs to focus on flaws in the argument. While in the Analysis of Issue you write your opinion on a subject,in the Analysis of Argument you write a logical critique of a flawed argument.Thus, the approaches to the two essays should be different.
第三，一篇Argument的用词用句有他特定的风格(和Issue有所区别)，因此 考生要选择准确恰当的词句表达。Argument的结构比较固定，易于掌握，一般都能写出个标准的“经典5段式”，为了写好这种模式，这种文章的关键是抓住逻辑错误，这是拿到高分的第一点，最重要的一点。如果写了很多，没抓住要害，语言再好也拿不到高分。攻击的语言可以不专业化，但是抓住错误最关键。如果 文字色彩很专业化，可以表现出逻辑修养，攻击的很地道，当然可以增加分值，写作时间为30分钟。好，下面我们从ETS的的Argument写作要求以及 ETS提供的范文入手，来详细的看看如何写作Argument。
二.argument essay 破题步骤
例如：表因果的： lead to , cause, result in
表比较的： compare to ; as…as
例如：类比 》 因果 》 数据 》 调查
三.argument essay 写作步骤及论证方法(范文评析)
第一层：This argument concludes/recommends/argues that…
第二层：To support this conclusion the writer cites…/points out that…
第三层：However, this argument suffers from several critical flaws and is the reforeunconvincing/ unpersuasive as it stands.
One problem with the argument is that, the editorialobserves a correlation between… and …, then concludes that the former is the cause of the latter. However, the editorial fails to rule out other possible explanations for…For example,… Any of these factors, or other social, politicalor economic factors, might lead to…Without ruling out all other such factors it is unfair to conclude that…
In the final analysis, the letter's author fails to adequately support the recommendation that…To bolster the argument, the arguer must provide detaileddemographic/statistical evidence showing that…The author must also provideevidence--perhaps by way of a reliable survey—that…
Six months ago the region of Forestville increased the speed limit for vehiclestraveling on the region's highways by ten miles per hour. Since that change took effect, the number of automobile accidents in that region has increased by15 percent. But the speed limit in Elmsford, a region neighboring Forestville,remained unchanged, and automobile accidents declined slightly during the samesix-month period. Therefore, if the citizens of Forestville want to reduce the number of automobile accidents on the region's highways, they should campaignto reduce Forestville's speed limit to what it was before the increase.
简单翻译：6个月前，Forestville地区提高了本地区公路上的最高时速限制，比原先提高了10公里。由于这个变化的影响，本地区车祸的数量提高了 15%。但是，Elmsford地区(和Forestville地区相邻)并没有改变最高时速限制，它的车祸数量在同样的6个月里，反而有少量的减少。因 此，如果Forestville市民想要减少公路上的车祸数量，他们应该想办法将本地区的最高时速限制减少到改变前的状态。
论据： F地区提高最高时速限制 10公里 ------〉 车祸发生率增加15%
大家注意我们一定要搞清结论是什么，这一点我们可以通过信号性标志词来判断：thus, therefore,so, consequently等等。
The argument is well-presented, but not thoroughly well-reasoned. (说明论点有问题)By making a comparison of the region of Forestville, the town with the higher speed limit and therefore automobile accidents, with the region ofElmsford, an area of a lower speed limit and subsequently fewer accidents, the argument for reducing Forestville's speed limits in order to decrease accidents seems logical.(归纳论点，准备发起进攻)
However, the citizens of Forestville are failing to consider other possiblealternatives to the increasing car accidents after the raise in speed limit.
Such alternatives may include the fact that there are less (lessàfewer) reliable cars traveling the roads in Forestville, or that the age bracket of those in Elmsford may be more conducive to driving safely. It ispossible that there are more younger, inexperienced, or more elderly, unsafedrivers in Forestville than there are in Elmsford.
In addition, the citizens have failed to consider the geographicaland physical terrain of the two different areas. Perhaps Forestville's highwayis in an area of more dangerous curves, sharp turns, or has many intersections or merging points where accidents are more likely to occur.
It appears reasonable,therefore, for the citizens to focus on these trouble spots than to reduce thespeed in the entire area. Elmsford may be an area of easier driving conditionswhere accidents are less likely to occur regardless of the speed limit.
A six-month period is not a particularly long time frame for the citizens to determine that speed limit has influenced the number of automobile accidents in the area. It is mentioned in the argument that Elms ford accidents decreased during the time period. This may have been a time, such asduring harsh weather conditions, when less (lessàfewer) people were driving on the road and therefore the number of accidents decreased. However, Forestville citizens, perhaps coerced by employment or other requirements, were unable to avoid driving on the roads.
Again, the demographics of the population are important. It is possible that Elmsford citizens do not have to travel far from work or work from their home, or do not work at all. Are there more people in Forestville than there were sic months ago? If so, there may bean increased number of accidents due to more automobiles on the road, and notdue to the increased speed limits.
Also in reference to the activities of the population, it is possible that Forestville inhabitants were traveling during less (lessàfewer)safe times of the day, such as early in the morning, or during twilight. Work or family habits may have encouraged citizens to drive duringthis time when Elmsford residents may not have been forced to do so.
Overall, the reasoning behind decreasing Forestville'sspeed limit back to its original seems logical as presented above since the citizens are acting in their own best interests and want to protect their safety.
However, before any final decisions are made about the reduction inspeed limit, the citizens and officials of Forestville should evaluate all possible alternatives and causes for the increased number of accidents over the six-month period as compared to Elms ford.
This outstanding essay begins by noting that the argument "seems logical." It then proceeds to discuss possible alternative explanations for the increase in car accidents and provides an impressively full analysis.Alternatives mentioned are that：
-- the two regions might have drivers of different ages and experience;
-- Forestville's topography, geography, cars, and/or roads might
contribute to accidents;
-- six months might be an insufficient amount of time for determining
that the speed limit is linked to the accident rate;
-- demographics might play a role in auto accidents;
-- population and auto density should be considered;
-- the times of day when drivers in the two regions travel might be relevant.
The points are cogently developed and are linked in such a way as to create alogically organized essay. Transitions together with interior connectionscreate a smoothly integrated presentation.
For the most part, the writer uses language correctly and well and providesexcellent variety in syntax. The minor flaws do not detract from the overall high quality ofthe critique. This is an impressive 6 paper.
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