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英国essay代写:The development of robots

2019-11-27 | 来源:51Due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- The development of robots讨论了机器人的发展现状。机器人的出现改变了传统的生产方式。未来,越来越多的机器人将会出现在工业、农业、服务业等各种行业,包括日常的生活之中。尤其是在许多简单重复、枯燥无聊,或者高温、高压等人类不适宜进行工作的场所,更高效率、更少失误地完成人类无法完成的工作,人类将从生产劳作中解脱,这是历史发展的必然趋势。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

development of robot,机器人发展现状,essay代写,代写,paper代写

With the advent of industry 4.0, the robot industry has mushroomed rapidly. The application of robots in agriculture, industry and human daily life has brought tremendous changes to our life and production mode.

In the 1920s, the concept of a robot was born out of a science-fiction novel by a writer called "Robota," which means "to rest and toil." In the following decades, robots have been constantly updated, from the first generation of remote-controlled robots to the second generation of programmed robots, to today's intelligent robots. Robot technology has matured to replace all aspects of human work. In agricultural production and industrial production, Germany and other western industrial powers are basically equipped with a complete set of automated robot production chain, with high production efficiency and good product quality. However, only some industrial giants in China have the same production conditions. Most of the companies still use manual or semi-automatic production mode, which also leads to a gap between domestic production efficiency and that of foreign countries.

To sum up, robot technology has led an industrial era and represents the level of industrial science and technology of a country. It is a task of strategic significance for a country to focus on developing robot technology.

The agricultural robot integrates VR technology, image recognition, path planning, motion control and other technologies into one, cooperating with or replacing humans to complete the work needed to be completed in the agricultural production engineering, such as sowing, playing medicine, picking and harvesting. At present, foreign agricultural production has basically realized mechanization, advanced robot technology is applied in agricultural production. Like the fertilizer robot developed in the United States, can detect soil composition, and calculate and analyze, accurate fertilizer; The weeding robot developed by Germany can identify weeds and remove weeds according to the image recognition technology. The grape picking robot developed by France can accurately identify the position of grapes, judge the degree of ripening and pick grapes. Domestic robot technology started late, which is still far behind those developed countries, but it has also made great achievements. The cucumber picking robot invented by China agricultural university is not only 4.5 times more efficient than manual work, but also able to complete a whole set of work including picking and recycling. The litchi picking robot invented by south China agricultural university USES binocular stereoscopic vision to obtain the position of litchi, then carries out path planning by itself, and finally completes the picking work. Its efficiency is basically twice that of manual picking.

The world's first industrial robot was born in the 1950s. At that time, the industrial robot could only perform some simple handling, assembly and welding functions with low accuracy. Industrial robots have developed into the current era of industry 4.0, combining with the Internet of things and network entity system, integrating modern control technology, high-end sensors and mature driver equipment, which makes them outstanding in modern industrial manufacturing. Kuka's six-axis industrial robot, with great advantages in motion characteristics, joint endurance and tolerance, has been widely recognized by the industry. The Handle robot, released by Boston company in the United States, can automatically pile up objects based on visual recognition technology. Its load capacity is up to 13 kg, and the maximum speed of movement is up to 14 km/h, but it can still keep stable with strong control ability. Xinsong robot automation co., LTD., the first listed robot company in China, impressed people with its "Beijing eight minutes" display with 24 transparent ice screens at the 2018 winter Olympics in pyeongchang. Xinsong's control system and mechanical mechanism of industrial robots have reached the leading level in China, and the research scope is relatively broad, but there is still a gap of two to three generations with foreign countries.

Since 2012, the development trend of China's robot industry has been good, and many robot enterprises have emerged as The Times require. However, due to the lack of knowledge reserve and technical talents in the domestic robot industry, the domestic robot level is still in the middle and low-end product development, which still lags behind the development level of foreign countries. With the implementation of the "made in China 2025" strategic plan, the country has introduced more and more support and incentive policies suitable for China's national conditions, and a large amount of human and material resources have been invested in the robot manufacturing industry. In the future, China's robot industry will become better and better.

The so-called flexibility has two aspects. On the one hand, the motion mechanism is similar to that of animals, with simple and consistent motion mode and soft movement. At present, the world's leading technologies are focusing on this bionics to study the movement mode and gait of various animals and apply it to the robot technology to make the robot move more sensitively and reduce energy consumption. The U.S. military is working on a micro-air vehicle called the "spy fly," which moves like a fly but is smaller and quieter, making it more effective at picking up intelligence in future wars. On the other hand, it is a kind of flexible joint. The existing industrial robot on the market has a large work blind spot due to the limitation of its freedom, which leads to insufficient work efficiency and limited processing mode. However, flexible joints have no working blind spots, and can mitigate the impact and thus reduce working errors in heavy-duty production environments.

In recent years, AI technology has been a hot spot of technology, and many intelligent voice interaction systems based on AI technology have been mass produced. In the future, there will be more and more applications of AI technology in robots. Robots combined with AI technology can learn advanced processing technologies in the world by themselves and provide excellent processing solutions based on user needs. In the process of processing, it can detect the processing data by itself, make decisions autonomously, correct the processing error, feed back to the operator in time, and upload the error record to the database for all the processing robots to learn and use. In the future, robots will have more powerful computing power, more advanced deep learning ability, and more intelligent human-computer interaction. In addition, they will be combined with the Internet of things technology to form a complete processing ecosystem, so as to realize data exchange between various devices and facilitate the processing process.

With the emergence of various new materials and the development of traditional material production technology, the alternative high-quality materials used in the production of robots are increasing, and the corresponding production material cost is also reduced. In addition, more and more companies have realized the science and technology, technology integration of the development of common progress and profits to ensure long, otherwise will be eliminated, so a growing number of science and technology development company will own robot code is open source, thus the technology of robot production technology constantly optimized, technology costs also have a large range of fall. In a word, considering the current situation of various aspects, the cost of research and development and production of robots will be lower and lower, and robots will be more civilian in the near future.

The emergence of robots has changed the traditional way of production. In the future, more and more robots will appear in industry, agriculture, service industry and other industries, including our daily life. Especially in many simple repetition, boring, or high temperature, high pressure and other places where human is not suitable for work, higher efficiency, less error to complete the work that human can not complete, human will be liberated from production and labor, this is the inevitable trend of historical development. China's robot technology started late and lagged behind. As contemporary robot research practitioners, we need to be aware of our own shortcomings and devote ourselves to robot research and development, so as to drive the progress of national scientific and technological level, catch up with western industrial powers with high innovation, high quality and high efficiency, and lead the world.

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