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英国essay代写:How to improve the company's financial management

2019-07-10 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- How to improve the company's financial management讨论了公司财务管理。财务管理是组织资金活动,处理同有关方面财务关系的一项经济管理工作。另外,它也是一种价值管理,渗透和贯穿于企业一切经济活动之中。企业的资金筹集、使用和分配,一切涉及资金的业务活动都属于财务管理的范围。企业的中心目标就是围绕着如何以较小的消耗取得最大的经济效益,加强财务管理。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

financial management,公司财务管理,essay代写,代写,paper代写

In the construction of expressway, the company's financial work, first of all, is to obey and serve the overall situation of the development of the company's engineering construction, the goal is to build a financial strategy, financial management system and financial team corresponding to the company's development strategy and work goal, so as to ensure the realization of the company's business strategy and goal. It can be analyzed from two aspects of service and management control. The first is the service function, including the improvement of the accounting system, financial analysis, decision-making advice, rational use of funds, handling the financial relations. The second is the management control function, financial management content includes: financing activities management, that is, to determine the financing scale, financing channels, financing methods, financing costs and financing structure; Management of investment activities, i.e. determination of investment scale, investment direction, investment portfolio, investment risk and return, etc. Capital income activities management, namely capital income and recovery, capital consumption and capital income management; the management of distribution activities is to manage the distribution procedures, distribution policies, distribution methods and the impact of distribution on the company. Through the improvement of various financial management, to ensure the company's operation and management of legal compliance, capital and asset safety.

Financial management is an economic management work of organizing fund activities and dealing with financial relations with related parties. It is a kind of value management that penetrates and penetrates all economic activities of enterprises. All business activities involving fund raising, use and distribution of enterprises belong to the scope of financial management.

Every link of production and operation of enterprises is inseparable from the reflection and regulation of finance, and the economic accounting and financial supervision of enterprises are more effective constraints and inspections of enterprises' economic activities.

The central goal of enterprises is to focus on how to achieve the maximum economic benefits with a small consumption, and strengthen financial management can promote enterprises to save potential, control costs and reduce consumption; Through the allocation of funds, rational use of funds, improve the use of funds, prevent the waste of funds; Through the management of state-owned assets, enterprises can use state-owned assets reasonably and effectively, and maintain and increase the value of state-owned assets. Therefore, giving full play to the leading role of financial management can improve economic efficiency more effectively.

In order to regulate the financial management of project companies, the first to establish a set of financial management system and method, such as "financial management method", the construction funds management method using ", "expenditure management method", "deposit management method", "the cashier work regulations, the measures for the management of fixed assets, the internal exchanges money management rules, the administration of creditor's rights debt provisions, the provisions on the payment of the price engineering rules and regulations, regulating the behavior of financial management, financial work strictly according to the system requirements, effectively guard against operational risks. The second is the implementation of financial inspection, standardize the operation process. Regularly or irregularly organize the inspection of the construction funds used by the participating project departments, mainly to check whether all the funds are used in the project construction, whether the priority is to ensure the payment of migrant workers' wages, and whether there is the phenomenon of malicious arrears of migrant workers' wages. If the payment is not timely or maliciously delayed, the score of this part in the assessment shall be deducted. To ensure the realization of fund management objectives through inspection and assessment. Perform both superior and external audits. Actively cooperate and accept the internal audit of audit department of CCCC and external audit of pricewaterhouse. Before each audit, carefully prepare the required information, clarify the accounts and physical objects, fill in the relevant forms. According to the problems pointed out in the audit report, timely feedback to the relevant shareholders, and earnestly implement the follow-up rectification work, to ensure the improvement of the internal management level of the project.

Carry out active analysis of economic activities, and reveal the control of investment expenditure and expenses by analyzing the use of funds, expense expenditure, creditor's right and debt, investment completion, and calculating the proportion of investment completion. At the same time, find out the causes of the problem and conduct corresponding literal and numerical analysis for the over-budget expenditure, so as to play an important role in strengthening cost control and avoiding over-budget expenditure.

Through perfecting the financial system, clarifying the examination and approval authority and process of expenses, formulating detailed expenditure standards and management measures for travel expenses, communication expenses, property subsidies and other expenses, and implementing overall control of office expenses. Design the corresponding proof documents, such as "money reimbursement vouchers", "travel reimbursement vouchers", "payment application", "" dining room funds disbursed apps, borrowing form" check ", "cash borrowing form", "fee payment application form", "engineering fee payment application form", "accounts payable payment application form", "engineering financial measurement-based payment list" and other document formats, convenient for examination and approval of accounting and leadership, be clear on the various expenses, personal expenses signature authority specification. Meanwhile, in daily expense management, we should adhere to the expense budget management system, the expense advance report approval system, the physical assets acceptance and registration system, and the centralized expense reimbursement system. By standardizing various expenses, we can effectively control expenses and reduce costs.

I carefully sorted out the accounting business, and designed the corresponding accounting voucher forms according to the unclear logical relations of original vouchers found in the financial management and the incomplete attachments. The calculation process was clear, the corresponding relations were clear, and the accounting basis was sufficient. Part payment, special requirements of related business department to provide payment instructions, pay reasons, especially the contract not paid the contract price, in the audit payment instructions, must check the original contract and paid upfront, and agree with payments audit, avoid the super contract payment, the phenomena of strive for examination and approval to pay arguably, rule-based, have rules to follow, to ensure the reliability and accuracy of the accounting business processing.

Established project various physical property parameter, through a comprehensive inventory, detailed content, fixed assets registration card for low-value non-durable equipment parameter according to the asset name, specifications, purchase time, quantity, unit price, amount, and use the department project to comb, certify the registration, perfect the relevant data and information, to ensure that the complete physical assets security.

According to the work needs, we should carefully set up the cashier posts and general contracting cashier posts of the project company, as well as the respective accounting and supervisor posts, clarify responsibilities, reasonably divide labor, and effectively prevent various risks in capital control. Strictly manage all kinds of bills, the cashier must fill in the application form for cash withdrawal, and the cash withdrawal can only be approved by the accountant and department head. Establish a check, receipt registration system, so as to separate the drawer from the depositary, the drawer from the payee, and the payee from the bookkeeper. Strictly implement a whole set of fund control system, such as cashier working rules, accounting reconciliation system, important bill management regulations, fund management method, reserve fund management method and so on, to ensure the orderly progress of fund management.

The inspection focuses on the external arrears of the construction units, the order of fund payment, whether the construction funds are misappropriated, and so on. At the same time, the gap of construction funds at the end of the year is counted. A written report shall be formed after the inspection, and a rectification notice shall be issued in time to standardize and constrain the use and management of project construction funds through inspection and rectification.

The project company signs a tripartite fund supervision agreement with the participating units and their bank of deposit to strengthen the daily supervision of fund payment by the participating units.

All participating units are required to report the fund use plan of the next month at the end of each month, and the single large amount of fund payment shall be reported to the project company in advance, so as to facilitate the timely financing of the project and ensure the utilization efficiency of construction funds and the safety of large amount of funds. Funds use plan must be consistent with the completion of the investment plan, put an end to the over-plan report cheating of funds and other activities.

Large amount of capital expenditure must be studied and decided by the party committee of the company, and the project manager is not allowed to have the final say, so as to enhance the transparency of capital expenditure.

It is necessary to actively and frequently contact with the shareholders, report the periodic fund demand plan and fund demand report in advance at different stages of project promotion, urge the shareholders to allocate funds, ensure the fund demand of project construction and ensure the smooth progress of project construction and production.

It is necessary to actively contact relevant Banks, adopt different financing modes, broaden project financing channels and provide financial support for project construction. In the early stage, it is necessary to understand the financing methods that Banks can provide, such as commercial acceptance bill discounting, financial leasing, receivables factoring and other businesses. After comprehensive analysis and comparison, it is necessary to select the Banks with good service, excellent conditions and low interest rate to obtain the maximum credit line and the optimal interest rate support.

We should timely adjust our thinking, strengthen the concentration of funds, stop short-term loan business in time, and actively solve problems through internal borrowing under the support and guidance of shareholder units, so as to effectively alleviate the fund shortage of the project and ensure the smooth progress of project construction and construction and production.

Actively do a good job in the withholding and payment of the tax payable by the construction units, and obtain the service fee refund from the local tax authorities through the withholding and payment, so as to increase the additional income of the project.

Taking advantage of the local government's desire for "tax sources", I coordinated construction units to issue invoices such as sporadic mechanical leasing and procurement of sporadic materials in the tax authorities where the project was operated, which not only standardized accounting, but also established a good cooperative relationship with the competent tax authorities, and the government also gave a certain proportion of tax payment to construction units.

According to the work requirements of replacing the business tax with a value-added tax, actively communicate with local tax authorities and other relevant departments, organize and carry out training on relevant business knowledge, analyze and calculate the relevant data of replacing the business tax with a value-added tax, and ensure the smooth progress of replacing the business tax with a value-added tax.

According to the accounting needs, making the cost reimbursement parameter, the visiting trip reimbursement parameter, the vehicle fuel, tolls and maintenance parameter, the property management fee and heating reimbursement parameter, the approval for vehicle maintenance, the hospitality business approval form, such as parameter, through these parameter, timely grasp the reimbursement of fees, expenses signature process through specification, strengthen each link head of audit, effectively prevent money super FuXianXiang appear.

According to the project construction progress, timely financial analysis, to solve the problem in the bud. After reporting each monthly and quarterly report, make a comparison and analysis with the business results of the previous period in a timely manner, and sort out the important data such as investment completion, debt situation, management expense and entertainment expense, so as to provide a basis for company leaders to grasp the business situation and timely adjust the business decisions. In the process of financial analysis, the creditor's rights and debts inventory form should be prepared to summarize, sort out and reflect the changes of the company's creditor's rights and debts, pay close attention to the liquidation of creditor's rights and debts, and prevent financial risks such as overpayment of funds. Timely recovery of prepayment in settlement; To individual petty cash borrows business principle to do not grant to deal with, need to deal with below special circumstance, also must clear reimbursement date, expire those who cannot be repaid in time, give deduction from the salary of that month.

According to the daily business needs, the financial payment list of project price and the income and cost offset table of each subcontractor shall be designed to standardize the accounting of the general contractor. Timely make up the formal measurement in the early stage, and adjust the settlement of the project according to the settlement of the temporary measurement due to the failure of the project company to sign the construction contract with the general contractor and each bid section in the early stage. Before the accounting adjustment, it is necessary to formulate the accounting adjustment scheme and prepare accounting adjustment instructions in advance, so as to make the adjustment standard reasonable, accurate, with evidences to be relied on and evidences to be checked, so as to lay a good foundation for the follow-up engineering measurement, settlement and payment. Actively contact the shareholders, confirm the way of capital backflow, do a good job of capital backflow.

According to the characteristics of project management, to pay special attention to improve the institutions, the staff work, on this basis, the accounting personnel to strengthen professional knowledge learning, familiar with the new accounting standard for business enterprises ", "tax law" and other basic knowledge of accounting and stock company relevant financial management system, especially for "camp to increase business knowledge learning;" Understand the knowledge of economy, management, law and other aspects, improve the ability of financial personnel to use business knowledge to solve practical work, and lay a good foundation for avoiding financial risks.

According to the particularity of BOT projects, according to the approval list of budget estimates, set up accounting subjects in line with the actual management of the company, timely adjust relevant accounts, ensure the rationality of the use of accounting subjects and the accuracy of expense collection, and ensure the orderly accounting.

Through the leadership teaching, staff discussion and other ways, summarize the work of the deficiencies, find the reasons, put forward the financial work in the future to improve the specific plan and measures, through the goal to make the financial staff business ability has greatly improved.

To the daily work of the problems as a specific case, draw lessons from three, through study, in the process of checking the missing, strengthen the foundation, master the correct business processing methods and work ideas, so as to improve the financial and accounting personnel's business ability.

While learning professional knowledge, financial personnel should constantly master new content and knowledge, actively participate in various professional training and business skills examination, firmly establish a sense of crisis and crisis awareness, do a good job of career planning, and strive to make personal growth and progress.

Financial staff should have moral integrity, gratitude, help others, strict discipline, with "a smile, a greeting" to show a good mental outlook.

Finance and accounting personnel to develop good working habits, work to carry out the first clear time limit, strictly prohibit delay; Secondly, we should have a plan in advance, ask for instructions in the process and give feedback afterwards. Third, we should establish a sense of doing things by system, rules and contracts.

Regular rotation system should be implemented. According to the working conditions and needs, the financial staff shall be rotated to ensure that each staff member is familiar with the work content of each post during the project construction period.

In the construction of the expressway project of guizhou province, qingshui river bridge is a control engineering of this project. It is a suspension bridge with the main span of 1130 meters, ranking the sixth in the world in the main span span among Bridges of the same type. The bridge is 406 meters high, the second highest in the world. During the construction process, the shareholder proposed that the construction and installation costs should be generally controlled within a certain range, so as to not only control the investment risk, but also mobilize the enthusiasm of the construction party. Company by conducting positive suggests work, completes the accounting basis work, carry out positive financial analysis, the process and results of the enterprise's financial activity evaluation and benefit evaluation and a series of financial management, in the end, make your urn highway project on the basis of the original investment 8.623 billion, savings of 490 million yuan, and a year in advance. Make investment in your urn high-speed projects have been awarded the "brand project", a number of construction technique to obtain the state intellectual property office patent certificate, the suspension bridge plate girder beam combination with neck site construction technique, super km large-tonnage suspension bridge cable hoisting system installation technology method, cable hoisting system combined plate girder suspension bridge girder construction technique, and three methods by guizhou provincial method. Guiwen project has become a model of highway quality engineering and efficiency engineering invested by China communications corporation in guizhou, and set a benchmark and example for the enterprises of China communications corporation.

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