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英国essay代写:American cultural customs

2019-06-14 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- American cultural customs讨论了美国的文化习俗。文化习俗是个范围广泛、内容复杂的题目,涉及人在社会生活和交往中的方方面面。美国是个移民之国,它的祖先来自于全球各地。人们移居美国时,不仅仅在地理位置上挪动一下,而且还把他们所在国的评议和风俗习惯带到了新的居住地。因为杂,人们各自的差异十分突出;因为差异十分普遍,人们就不特别注重统一性。久而久之,美国人的文化习俗中形成了较高程度的宽容性,对异质文化和不同评议持容忍、可接受的态度。在这一点上,美国社会里可行的习俗要比世界上其他国家来得宽泛。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

American cultural customs,美国文化习俗,essay代写,代写,paper代写

American culture, in a sense, is an extension of European culture, because the American language, her population composition, and her founding spirit all originate from Europe. On the other hand, American culture is different from that of Europe, because European immigrants drove away the Indians on the North American continent and created a splendid civilization in a desolate wilderness. Therefore, when talking about American cultural customs and social etiquette, we should not only consider the similarities of European and American cultures, but also pay attention to the differences between them.

Cultural customs are a wide range of complex content of the topic, involving people in social life and communication in all aspects. The author plans to make a brief overview of American culture and customs in the form of miscellaneous talk. Forbearance.

America is a nation of immigrants whose ancestors came from all over the globe. When people move to the United States, not only do they move geographically, but they also bring with them the customs and customs of their home countries. Because miscellaneous, people's respective difference is very prominent; Because differences are so common, people don't pay particular attention to uniformity. Over time, Americans have formed a high degree of tolerance in their cultural customs, and have a tolerant and acceptable attitude towards different cultures and comments. At this point, the range of possible customs in American society is much broader than in the rest of the world.

Politically speaking, this tolerance manifests itself in the pursuit of freedom and the maintenance of the right to freedom. Religiously, it is reflected in the harmonious coexistence of different faiths. From the perspective of life scope, it is manifested in the peaceful coexistence of different nationalities and ethnic communities. In a word, in the United States, each person can basically choose different ideas, beliefs, lifestyles and traditions; People can also maintain their customs and rituals to a certain extent. For example, jews celebrate their religious holidays, while Christians celebrate Christmas and Easter. For example, Chinese Americans can live and work in mandarin in Chinatown. In the same way, Vietnamese immigrants in their "little Saigon" were able to do business and activities the Vietnamese way.

American tolerance, in addition to the above factors that the United States is a country of immigrants, but also with the frequent migration of Americans. As we all know, an important part of the history of the United States is the history of its western development. In those days, American pioneers traveled by foot, horse, and wagon, from east to west, south to north, and wherever opportunity presented itself. Frequent migration and constant change of residence make people always in the state of "flow", and it is easier to tolerate and accept all kinds of different phenomena. In addition, frequent migration can also help people broaden their horizons, know more, have sympathy and understanding of different customs, and gradually form an open concept that diversity is better than oneness.

Because Americans are tolerant, they seldom impose their will on others. It is very similar to the Chinese Confucian saying "do not do to others what you do not want others to do to you". For example, the husband may be a republican, but he must not force his democratic wife to change her political stance. Similarly, the mother may have been a Catholic, but she could not force her converted Muslim son to convert. This spirit of tolerance is even more common in daily living habits and routine affairs.

Americans are known for their informality. In office buildings, it is common to find "white collar workers" working in their own offices without coats or ties. During phone conversations, they lean back in their chairs, put their feet on the table, and spend a long time talking on the phone. On college campuses, there are numerous examples of American professors wearing jeans and nikes to class. What's more, American professors, regardless of age or gender, will pour themselves onto the lectern when they talk about something exciting. More often, it is the easy-going, easy-going relationship between father and son, mother and daughter in America. In movies and in real life, we often see Americans patting each other on the shoulder, unrestrained. All this is due to the informal habits of Americans.

Culturally, Americans' informality is related to their sense of democracy and equality. As we all know, there was a feudal society in the development of American history. The set of things that prevailed in continental Europe, such as nobility, untouchability, rank, and royalty, had no or practical significance in the United States. People do not attach great importance to family, status and status: what is more important is the actual achievements of the parties themselves. This concept, which originated in the early development stage of the United States, has largely become the "sediment" in the American cultural tradition. Because everyone cherishes equal rights, there is no need to pay too much attention to all kinds of elaborate etiquette when people communicate with each other. This is true between superiors and subordinates, parents and children, bosses and workers, professors and students. One need only pay attention to the way Americans greet each other. Whether subordinates meet their superiors or students meet their teachers, Americans generally just smile and say "hi" or "hello" instead of adding various names. Also, when Americans walk away from a social or business meeting, they are less likely to say goodbye one by one. Instead, they wave and say, "ok, let's see you later." This is not a lack of respect for one another, but the result of years of habit.

Informality is intended to make people more relaxed and comfortable in their dealings, and thus to shorten the distance between them more quickly. This may be one reason why Americans are so cheerful.

Because Americans emphasize equality, their social hierarchy is relatively weak, so they do not have family titles. In contrast, Americans prefer to use professional titles because they are earned, not inherited. For example, judges, military officers, government officials, professors and religious leaders.

In other professions, Americans are addressed as "Mr.", "miss" and "Mrs.".

When Americans meet for the first time, they often use Sir Or madam if they don't know the title but want to show respect. The person you call him will immediately understand that you are not sure what to call him, so he will give you the appropriate address. Generally speaking, Americans do not use official titles very often unless a person holds a professional job, such as doctor or professor. This is because Americans emphasize friendly, informal relationships over title status. Americans believe that people can respect a person even if they call him by his first name. In fact, most Americans do not want to be treated with special respect because of their age or social status. It makes them feel uncomfortable, too far apart from each other. Many Americans even find "Mr.", "Mrs." and "miss" too formal, so they tend to use first names. For example, "don't call me Mrs. Smith, call me Sally." Americans think it's easier to be friendly and likeable when they call someone by their first name.

Of course, introductions must be made with the first and last names, such as "Mary Smith, this is John Jones." At the beginning, the person introduced may still be addressed by the person's last name, such as "miss Smith", "Mr Jones", etc. But before long, after the other person gets familiar and comfortable, one of them asks, "do you mind if I call you by your first name?" Normally, no one would mind. The two sides called each other by name and continued their conversation. As a result, Americans rarely use titles or words like "Mr." when they get together and chat.

Rich people in Europe, Asia and other countries often employ maids, cooks, chauffeurs and others to wait on them and their families in order to show off their dignity, or to escape from the chores. Americans don't do it very often because they do it themselves. In the United States, whether doctors, professors, lawyers, or businessmen, they cook, wash, and market their own food. They have social status, but don't think doing housework will reduce their dignity. They can afford to hire nannies, but feel they can do it and don't need to. Visiting American families, one can often see big professors and famous doctors cooking and cooking by themselves. As for menial tasks such as mowing the lawn, tidying the garage and painting the roof, people of social status are not bored, but rather engaged.

The do-it-yourself habit has much to do with the American frontier spirit. Imagine, in the wild west, people living with the wilderness, living with nature, relying on themselves for everything from basic food and accommodation to complex medical education. After decades of cultivation, this "do-it-yourself" spirit of self-reliance has been deeply forged into the cultural genes of Americans. In addition, in the eyes of Americans, "do-it-yourself" not only embodies the spirit of self-reliance, but also people can see their own ability and value in the "hands-on" results.

Of course, there are other reasons for the do-it-yourself culture. Americans like to be pragmatic, and hiring others to do the work is actually paying for the service. The average American, as long as their own ability, competent, do not want to pay someone else to do the work, think it is unnecessary spending. Also, Americans value privacy and peace at home. There is no doubt that the constant movement of strangers around the house will have a negative impact on privacy and tranquility. As a result, they are not willing to sacrifice privacy and tranquility for leisure.

Don't like silence. People who have come into contact with Americans feel this way. Among the westerners, Americans are the most unrestrained, easy-going, and frankly critical.

In the eastern culture system, the critical spirit is a weak link. Out of respect, or courtesy, or fear, or awe, people rarely question authority, let alone challenge it. In fact, most of the hierarchical systems in these countries are rigid, and people have long been influenced by the concept of hierarchy, and have already internalized them and implemented them in practice. From childhood, toddlers are taught that "adults are always right". When young students make new discoveries, they are often afraid to compete with authoritative theories because they are still wet behind the ears. In the long run, people's "edges and corners" are smoothed, curiosity is suppressed, critical spirit is eroded, and one by one becomes the "echo" and "echo" of the yes-men. In western countries, including the United States, children are trained from childhood to ask questions, develop their habit of seeking knowledge and learning. After the child raises a question, the American parents and teachers do not give an answer immediately, but inspire, induce and help the children to think together. Sometimes, adults will tell children to go to the library to find the answer, rarely for the children "do". Children living in such a cultural atmosphere have thus come to the conclusion that the answer to any question is not ready-made, but depends on people's search and thinking.

This questioning and inquiring spirit of Americans naturally leads them to hold a critical attitude towards authority or authoritative views. Young and old people argue with each other over differences of opinion; Students and teachers will have a "war of words" because of different views; Novices and authorities will fight each other for different opinions. And so on. Americans doubt authority not because jiang does not respect authority, but because he thinks that only through free lectures can he distinguish truth from falsehood and thus become more and more stumblestick. In addition, in the eyes of Americans, the element of human dignity is to have an independent personality, and the premise of independent personality is independent thinking ability. To think independently, critical spirit is essential. Again, when questioning and criticizing, it's not about the person, it's about the person's opinions and opinions.

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