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essay代写-How does the UK support smes

2019-06-12 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- How does the UK support smes讨论了英国对中小企业的扶持。作为西方发达国家的英国,在扶持中小企业发展方面有许多成功的做法。其中,融资渠道多是英国扶持中小企业发展的关键动力。英国政府采取了许多具体而务实的措施,保证中小企业从不同渠道获得企业发展所需要的资金。另外,英国贸工部下设的商务咨询机构和贸易投资署还专门负责扶持中小企业的出口和投资工作。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

First, the sme administration has been set up in the ministry of trade and industry to coordinate policies on smes with the tax and customs administration, the ministry of environment, food and rural affairs, and organize Chambers of commerce and retired engineering and technical experts to serve smes. Second, set up small and medium-sized enterprise service centers in all counties and towns in the UK, responsible for providing policy consultation and information services for local small and medium-sized enterprises, and organizing training for local small and medium-sized enterprise owners and management; Third, set up "small and medium-sized enterprise committee", "small and medium-sized enterprise development working group" and "policy and regulation supervision group" and other industry institutions, to guide and coordinate the development of small and medium-sized enterprises; Fourth, we will set up training centers for small enterprises in more than 10 universities across the country, and set up training courses according to the nature of enterprises.

To ensure the steady development of smes by legal means is an important experience of supporting smes in the UK. So far, the UK has introduced more than 10 laws and regulations on smes. Especially in the process of adjusting and formulating laws and regulations, the British government takes into account the weak position of smes, and the impact of policy consolidation on smes is much greater than that of large enterprises. Therefore, to ensure the interests of smes, the UK implemented an important initiative of "smes first" in 2002. This is according to the requirement of the medium and small business owners and consulting database, set up small and medium enterprises in policy or regulation adjust or its purpose is to develop a former, extensive collection of small and medium-sized business owners' views and Suggestions, or small and medium-sized enterprises to participate in the government's task force on please, provide reference opinions for the proposed draft laws and regulations, in order to formulate the relevant provisions of the first stage, timely find loopholes unfavorable to the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, to avoid potential impact may, ensure that the relevant policy is in the interests of small and medium-sized small and medium-sized enterprises.

The British government attaches great importance to advocating entrepreneurship education and establishing entrepreneurship culture. In March 2006, the British government set up the "school entrepreneurship education mechanism" to educate primary and secondary school students and college students about entrepreneurship, so as to encourage them to start their own businesses after graduation. The British government cash in 11 ~ 14 years old students set up more than 200 pilot club interested in the text, paid 60 million pounds for students aged 14 ~ 19 for entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurship summer camp has established more than 20, entrepreneurship training to Britain in 1000 students every year, at the same time also for the British university set up business scholarship, selection of outstanding engineering and technology professional students to study in the United States.

Meanwhile, the British government has made great efforts to improve the entrepreneurial market environment. Since March 2005, the UK government has delegated powers to local governments to provide specific help to new businesses in different areas. While supporting smes, the UK strives to promote the formation and development of the mode of joint venture cooperation, encouraging large enterprises to invest in small enterprises, and establishing formal partnership between large enterprises and independent small enterprises to cooperate with each other in terms of capital, management and technology, so as to share risks and benefits. The mode of co-risk cooperation combines the keen perception of small enterprises with the management experience, market and technological advantages of large enterprises, and is conducive to creating a market operation concept of mutual benefit and risk sharing between large and small enterprises.

Financing channels are the key driving force for the rapid development of British smes. The UK government has taken a number of concrete and pragmatic measures to ensure that smes receive the funding they need from different sources.

One is to set up "venture capital funds". In 1995 the UK set up a "venture capital fund" to provide financial support to small and medium-sized enterprises. Britain's venture capital industry is very developed. In order to increase investment in this area, the British government introduced a two-year income tax reduction plan in 2004, which reduced the income tax of 20% for enterprises and individuals of "venture capital funds" such as investment trusts. This greatly stimulated the financing capacity of "venture capital funds". Second, we will launch pilot projects for enterprise capital funds. In July 2005, the UK government launched the enterprise capital fund pilot project, which provides financing assistance to potential smes. Eligible smes can raise up to £2m each from the fund; Third, establish an "early development fund". The "early development fund", which is jointly funded by local and central governments, is designed to help small and medium-sized enterprises get financing. Fourth, the establishment of "small business credit guarantee." At the end of 2005, the British government launched a new sme loan guarantee program. The government will provide guarantees to commercial lending institutions and lend money to smes. Fifth, government procurement gives priority to small and medium-sized enterprises in order to activate their working capital. In 2005 the government gave 59% of its purchase orders to smes. There are also plans to launch a national public sector microprocurement network, with 800 government purchasers and more than 3,000 small and medium enterprises taking part in a national government procurement training programme.

British industry consists of business consultancy and support small and medium-sized enterprises of the trade and investment for exports and investment, business consulting services for small and medium-sized enterprises is responsible for the "step-by-step" introductory training towards internationalization, the agency set up import and export of introductory courses, such as knowledge was introduced in detail the conditions of the import and export enterprises should have and how to plan the import and export; Information needed for export to different countries, possible problems and expert advice; The government provides support to export enterprises in terms of capital, overseas investment and insurance, as well as information and knowledge on how to protect their intellectual property overseas.

The trade and investment department is responsible for the implementation of specific export and investment support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Specific measures are as follows: to conduct feasibility study and risk assessment on the export of enterprises' products, and to provide one-stop export service projects for small and medium-sized enterprises; The department's international network provides smes with relevant information and business opportunities in target markets. Its overseas staff is responsible for helping smes find customers; To help smes establish links with major financing institutions in international markets; Help enterprises to participate in international trade exhibitions and organize delegations to carry out trade negotiations abroad; Help enterprises to promote in overseas media.

Small and medium-sized enterprises are an important part of national economy and an important force to promote the development of national economy. Up to now, China's small and medium-sized enterprises have more than 10 million, accounting for 99% of the total number of enterprises, is a new growth point to drive the national economy. We can start from the following aspects by referring to the British practice.

We will improve entrepreneurship education by relying on schools and training institutions. The government should pay attention to advocating entrepreneurship education and establishing entrepreneurship culture. The government should set up "school entrepreneurship education mechanism" to educate primary and secondary school students and college students about entrepreneurship, so as to encourage them to start their own businesses after graduation. Promote business cooperation and encourage partnerships with large enterprises. We will strengthen training and education on entrepreneurship, especially on the culture, education and training of entrepreneurship.

We will further improve small and medium-sized funds. In 2001, the ministry of commerce and the ministry of finance of the People's Republic of China organized and implemented funds for small and medium-sized enterprises to explore international markets. Over the past six years, a total of 5 billion yuan has been invested, benefiting nearly 100,000 small and medium-sized enterprises. The role of financial support, policy guidance and service bridge should be further broadened so that smes can truly become the "booster" to enter the international market.

Encourage innovation. An association for promoting innovation and technology for smes could be set up to help smes conduct research on project innovation and support the transfer of projects among enterprises. In order to stimulate the r&d activities of small and medium-sized enterprises, enterprises and r&d personnel should be considered to enjoy tax deduction.

We will accelerate the establishment of the law on small and medium-sized financial institutions and the law on the credit guarantee of small and medium-sized enterprises. We should further improve the financing guarantee system for small and medium-sized enterprises, broaden their financing channels, and establish a multi-level and all-round financial system and sound operating mechanism.

By improving efficiency and differentiation to promote smes to form effective competition. In equipment, organization, business model, management and other aspects of efficiency. Product differentiation, price differentiation, service differentiation and low cost to reflect differentiation.

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