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Essay代写:The Cromwell

2019-02-12 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The Cromwell,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了克伦威尔。克伦威尔是英国资产阶级革命中不可或缺的重要人物,是资产阶级革命的著名领袖。英国资产阶级革命以一种狂暴与温和并存的方式,迅速改变了议会和国王之间微妙的关系,限制了王权,推行资产阶级民主,使君主立宪制成为英国新的政治制度,并延续至今。虽然克伦威尔并没能经历英国从君主专制向君主立宪制转变的整个过程,但他在其中扮演了重要角色。

Cromwell,克伦威尔,英国代写,英国论文代写,essay代写

Cromwell was an indispensable and important figure in the British bourgeois revolution and a famous leader of the bourgeois revolution. The British bourgeois revolution rapidly changed the subtle relationship between the parliament and the king in a violent and mild way, limited the royal power, promoted the bourgeois democracy, and made the constitutional monarchy become the new political system in Britain, which continues to this day. Although Cromwell did not experience the whole process of Britain's transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy, he played an important role in it.

The greatest game in the civil war was played between the king and parliament. Without parliamentary victory, there would be no future. Only by defeating the royalist army first could parliamentary power be maintained and expanded, and Cromwell played a significant role in this process. The independents, led by Cromwell, were more radical in religious belief and politics than the presbyterians. They also suffered deep persecution and were more dissatisfied with Charles I. Therefore, Cromwell believed that only by defeating the king by force, could the long-term achievements of parliament be consolidated and the problem of further restricting the royal power be solved. The major question of whether the absolute monarchy could be overthrown was the difference in attitude between the independents and the Presbyterian king Charles I, who was waging a civil war.

Cromwell showed great resolution in the parliamentary battle against the king. In 1642, a civil war broke out between the king and the parliament. In the face of the king's armed provocation, the parliament set up a parliamentary army to fight against it, but the parliament was not unified. Some people in the parliament did not give up the illusion of making peace with the king. The presbyterians, who dominated parliament, advocated talking to the king while fighting, and tried to use a combination of soft and hard tactics to make the king give up some privileges automatically. The Presbyterian control of the parliamentary army is in limbo. Some senior generals of the parliamentary army were afraid to face the king on the battlefield for fear of being accused of "treason". They even secretly let the king's troops escape and bungled their warplanes. In a battle, Lord Manchester, a parliamentary army, freed the king. When Cromwell angrily denounced the traitor in a military council, Lord Manchester publicly defended himself: "your excellency, please note the fact that we have defeated the king 99 times and he is still the king; But if the king beats us once, we shall be put to the gallows, and our children and grandchildren shall be slaves. Cromwell stifled his anger and said wryly, "Sir, if this is the case, why did we take up arms in the first place? Wouldn't it be better to just surrender? You are in effect refusing to fight!

Cromwell also played an important role in reorganizing the army and enhancing the fighting capacity of the parliamentary army. Cromwell was good at discovering and using talents, and formed a "new model army", which adopted new fighting methods, greatly improving the fighting capacity of the parliamentary army, and laying a solid foundation for the parliamentary army to defeat the king's army. In the early years of the civil war, the parliamentary army was disorganized, poorly disciplined and made up of local militias with very low fighting quality. So in the early days of the civil war, the parliamentary army was always more defeated than the king's army. Cromwell was worried about the state of the war. He urged parliament to take decisive measures to remove the incompetent generals and establish a new revolutionary army.

In January 1645, under the increasingly unfavorable war situation, parliament was forced to pass the new model army act, which used the self-restraint law to remove the incompetent Presbyterian military leaders in Manchester and Essex from the army. Due to his outstanding military achievements in the civil war, Cromwell, as a member of parliament, was also the deputy commander in chief of the "new model army", thus holding the real power of the parliamentary army. In the process of establishing and reorganizing the army, Cromwell was good at discovering and using talents. He promoted many lower-class officers with strong command. After rectification, the parliamentary army became more and more powerful and gradually turned the defeat into victory. On June 14, 1645, at the battle of naxi, Charles I was captured after defeating the main part of the king's army.

Another great achievement of Cromwell in the bourgeois revolution was that he executed the king and established the bourgeois republic in England, which pushed the bourgeois revolution to a climax.

After the first civil war ended in 1646, parliament became the only country the supreme organ of power, came to power in parliament presbyterians, in order to take the victory, to eliminate the military threat to them, all in the name of reduce the tax burden on the people, for dissolution of the army, even refused to pay the pay of civil war period in arrears with fallen widow's pension. Amid parliamentary infighting, king Charles I fled to the isle of wight in 1648, sparking a resurgence of royalist power across England and a rebellion. Supported by the lower and middle classes, Cromwell led the parliamentary army to smash the rebellion of the king's party, and responded to the call of the general public and soldiers to judge Charles I. With Cromwell's full support, he finally tried Charles I and put king Charles I to the guillotine.

Cromwell followed the trend of The Times, laid a foundation for the establishment of British constitutional monarchy, and accelerated the development of British capitalist economy and social progress. Cromwell later won the titles of "the great leader of the bourgeois revolution", "the bourgeois revolutionary" and "the greatest strategist at that time", which were inseparable from his great achievements in the civil war. It was the victory of the army under his leadership that laid the foundation stone for the later constitutional monarchy.

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