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essay代写-The development of traditional Chinese medicine in Britain

2019-01-28 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- The development of traditional Chinese medicine in Britain讨论了中医药在英国的发展目前,中医药在英国发展状况良好。不少医院都设有针灸科、针灸诊所,中药店遍布英国。中医在英国受到从皇家到平民的信赖,每年约有150万人接受针灸疗法。此外,中医药交流与合作日益增多。至2006年,英国有11所正规大学开设中医、针灸的相关本科或硕士课程。这些大学和国内知名中医院校均有合作培养计划,每年有数百名学生到中国学习中医药知识,并参加临床实践技能操作。国内的老师每年也到英国进行授课,为中医药文化交流作出贡献。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

traditional Chinese medicine,中医药在英国的发展,essay代写,代写,paper代写

As for the time when Chinese medicine was introduced to Britain, according to historical records, in the late 17th century, Britain had direct or indirect contact with Chinese medicine and acupuncture. From the extant historical materials, "on Chinese pulse medicine" can be regarded as the earliest work of Chinese medicine introduced to Britain, which is now stored in the British museum. The first person to report directly on acupuncture was British surgeon John Churchill. In 1821 he published a paper on the treatment of rheumatism and otitis media by acupuncture, which became the earliest authentic historical data on the spread of acupuncture to Britain. Felix mann became the founder of the British acupuncture clinic in 1958 by opening and teaching classes in the clinic in west London. In 1960, jack worsley founded the school of traditional acupuncture and moxibustion, which is the earliest acupuncture and moxibustion school in the UK. It has made great contributions to the spread and development of acupuncture and moxibustion in the UK. Subsequently, the British acupuncture and moxibustion practitioners' guild was established in 1970, the British medical acupuncture and moxibustion society was established in 1980, the British committee on complementary and alternative medicine was established in 1986, the British acupuncture and moxibustion professional accreditation committee was established in 1990, and the acupuncture and moxibustion profession was set up in the university of Westminster in 1995. These historical facts strongly illustrate the steady development and gradual growth of TCM in the process of its spread in the UK. Although it was controversial during this process, the inclusiveness and diversity of TCM culture made TCM develop better and better in the UK, and the British people gradually accepted and recognized TCM medicine. Chinese medicine is gradually being accepted and is practiced even in the Western world. Over the last two hundred years, We have made huge progress in the clinical and surgical procedures in medicine.

At present, TCM is developing well in the UK. Many hospitals have acupuncture and moxibustion clinics and traditional Chinese medicine pharmacies all over the UK. Traditional Chinese medicine is trusted by everyone from the royal family to the common people in the UK, with about 1.5 million people receiving acupuncture treatment every year. In 2008, the department of health proposed to the government that acupuncture be "legislated" and "registered" as an independent practice, and that TCM be promoted as a mainstream medicine rather than an alternative medicine. In addition, TCM exchanges and cooperation are increasing. By 2006, there were 11 regular universities in the UK offering undergraduate or postgraduate courses in traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture. These universities have cooperative training programs with well-known TCM universities in China, such as Beijing university of TCM and guangzhou university of TCM. Every year, hundreds of students come to China to learn TCM knowledge and participate in clinical practice skills. Teachers from China also come to the UK to give lectures every year, making contributions to the cultural exchange of TCM. The 8th world congress of traditional Chinese medicine, entitled "TCM is good for human health", was held in London in September 2011, which further enhanced the cultural exchanges of TCM between China and the UK and between China and Europe.

With the spread of traditional Chinese medicine culture, British researchers no longer only focus on acupuncture and moxibustion. They are more willing to explore more things with "Chinese characteristics", so traditional Chinese medicine has entered their world. Compared with acupuncture, the development of traditional Chinese medicine in Britain is relatively slow. Chinese medicine has long entered the European market as a food, nutrient or food additive. However, the official attitude towards Chinese herbal medicine in the UK is quite optimistic. The government allows herbal medicine and natural medicine to be marketed as over-the-counter products, and traditional herbalists registered with the British health professional council can continue to use unlicensed herbal products, which provides a good opportunity for the development of Chinese medicine. In addition, researchers interested in traditional Chinese medicine culture began to appear in the UK. They are dedicated to the study of the theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine, and are very interested in the precautionary and holistic concept of traditional Chinese medicine.

Traditional Chinese medicine is the product of thousands of years of medical practice of the Chinese nation, and it is the result of repeated application directly in people. It is completely different from the laboratory verification of western medicine, which is different from the animal experiment to clinical verification and then to the market. Therefore, the effectiveness and safety of TCM have been questioned in clinical application. In November 2013, the UK food and drug administration announced that all proprietary Chinese medicines would be banned from sale in the UK from April 30, 2014. In December, the department of health announced the establishment of the Herbal Medicines and Practitioners Working Group to explore all Herbal products affected by eu Herbal law. A final report is expected to be issued by March 2015.

While achieving remarkable achievements, modern medicine also showed certain limitations and encountered many difficult problems, such as the change of disease spectrum, the increase of difficult diseases, the side effects of synthetic drugs, heavy medical costs and so on. Chinese medicine emphasizes the holistic view of the unity of man and nature, and holds that "the human body is an organic whole". Both the dialectical diagnosis and treatment are based on this view, which coincides with the upsurge of advocating "returning to nature" in Britain. Traditional Chinese Medicine emphasizes a more holistic approach and aims to cure and maintain the balance in the body through more natural treatments. The efficacy and safety of Traditional Chinese Medicine after a long-term practice verification, after one thousand, and his heart. Humanistic care in the treatment based on syndrome differentiation is also not available in modern medical concepts. Doctors of traditional Chinese medicine look, smell, ask and cut in the diagnosis based on syndrome differentiation, communicate with patients and care about the overall condition of patients, which can relieve the mental pressure of patients to a certain extent. Of traditional Chinese medicine is a kind of traditional Chinese culture is rich in wisdom and philosophy of medicine culture and a unique form of expression, in the form of skills, but culture is the lifeblood of her, is a traditional culture thought, philosophy, ways of thinking and values, traditional Chinese medicine is not only the most outstanding representative of Chinese culture, and accord with the needs of the development of the contemporary western values and post-modern is the absolute advantage of traditional Chinese medicine.

First of all, TCM lacks legal protection in the UK. Despite efforts made by practitioners of TCM, the legislation of TCM has not been implemented by the British government. There is no specific certification for Chinese medicine practitioners in the UK, and they can only enter the TCM industry through acupuncturists and herbalists. Under the eu ban, proprietary Chinese medicines are restricted to over-the-counter sales, but qualified Chinese medicine practitioners can still prescribe them or make their own to patients. Professor ma boying, President of the British college of traditional Chinese medicine, said: "this rule has no meaning in the UK and is fundamentally a loophole in the UK regulations. Without the legislative qualification certification of Chinese medicine doctors in the UK, and without the protection of the title of Chinese medicine doctors, there is no way to confirm qualified Chinese medicine doctors. Second, traditional Chinese medicine falls into the category of complementary medicine or alternative medicine in the UK and has not been fully integrated into the national health service system of the UK. Insurance companies often refuse to pay for TCM diagnosis and treatment, and ordinary people are often deterred from TCM diagnosis and treatment because of the high cost they have to pay. Finally, due to cultural background, way of thinking and language problems, it is difficult for the basic theories and culture of TCM to be widely spread, such as the concepts of Yin and Yang, five elements, zang-fu organs, meridians and mingmen, etc., which are difficult for the British to understand. Western medicine and Traditional Chinese medicine arise in company's cultural backgrounds, they show the company characteristics, especially in the thinking styles for making diagnoses. Many TCM classics, Chinese people feel profound, Translation into English is likely to fail to express the meaning, often resulting in the loss of cultural information. At present, most of the British people's understanding of traditional Chinese medicine only stays in acupuncture, massage and other traditional Chinese medicine techniques, few people are interested in the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, even fewer people can thoroughly study it, British traditional Chinese medicine doctors rarely treat diseases based on syndrome differentiation.

If TCM wants to spread and develop more widely in the UK and expand the influence of culture, it needs long-term and unremitting efforts. At present, it can be mainly started from the following aspects.

Carry forward the culture of traditional Chinese medicine of traditional Chinese medicine are not isolated, she has its own integrated theory system and its principle, method, square, theoretical knowledge and clinical experience, contains the profundity of Chinese culture, traditional Chinese medicine is the important embodiment of Chinese culture, carrying forward the culture of TCM, to a certain extent, is an important part of Chinese culture to the world. Promote the culture of traditional Chinese medicine, so that more British people can understand and accept the rich connotation of traditional Chinese medicine, and change the false concept that "acupuncture and moxibustion is traditional Chinese medicine". Cultural transmission should also be paid attention to in TCM translation.

The only way to further develop TCM is to attach importance to TCM education, strengthen exchanges and cooperation between the two countries, attach importance to TCM education, cultivate more TCM talents, and change the current situation of uneven quality of TCM doctors. Chinese medicine colleges and universities in China can adopt bilingual teaching and offer foreign Chinese medicine majors to cultivate TCM talents with global vision and international communication ability. To strengthen cooperation in running schools of higher colleges and universities of Chinese medicine in China and the UK universities, the exchange of visiting scholars, faculty exchange, seminars, common writing textbooks, in the education of traditional Chinese medicine in the UK, increase the proportion of the study of the theory of TCM, change the status of the theory of TCM doctor heavy skills not only to further improve the quality of teaching, promote the correct dissemination and development of the culture of Chinese medicine.

Improve the quality and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) products due to a number of medical accidents in the UK, TCM needs to re-establish a good reputation in product quality and safety. Quality and safety are key to the presence of TCM in the UK. Chinese traditional medicine enterprises should learn from and actively introduce the drug production and quality control system of European enterprises, and establish strict quality management standards for traditional Chinese medicine.

It is the treasure of our country to face up to our own inheritance and development of TCM culture. Only when we cherish the great treasure of TCM, carry forward TCM, and keep TCM vigorous can we achieve the development of TCM. Only by using TCM to prevent and treat diseases, improve people's healthy living standards, and speaking with facts and curative effects, can more people see the remarkable curative effects of TCM and thus trust TCM, so as to persistently promote the spread and development of TCM. Gradual development of Chinese medicine is based on constant accumulation and summary of experience in clinical practice.

In a word, in the future, with the affirmation of the legal status of TCM in the UK, the reputation of TCM in the world will continue to be enhanced. I believe that TCM will be more widely developed and applied in the UK, and better contribute to the health cause in the UK and world medicine.

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