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英国essay代写:The Choice Between Space and Ocean Explorations and Future Plans

2019-01-25 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- The Choice Between Space and Ocean Explorations and Future Plans讨论了太空探索与海洋探索。在过去的几十年里,太空探索一直是美国最消耗资源的活动之一。美国进行太空探索的主要目的是为了更好地了解我们的宇宙,并为人类未来探索太空中的潜在殖民地。与太空探索的高调相比,海洋探索近年来一直保持低调。然而,海洋探险对美国来说同样重要。政府主导的海洋探索的主要目的应该是更好地了解地球和环境、潜在的经济收益以及其他科学价值。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

Space exploration,Ocean Exploration,essay代写,代写,paper代写

Space explorations have been one of the most resource consuming ones for the United States in the past decades. The primary purposes of space explorations for the United States are to establish a better understanding of our universe and to explore potential colonies in space for the humans in the future. However, the traditional chemical fuel rockets abandon most of its body parts after one use, which becomes extremely wasteful (Cornwell, 2006). As one of the possible solutions to the high costs, the US government has been trying to develop aerospace planes to replace the traditional rockets. Such attempts have kept failing at lowering the cost for over two decades, which seized the funding for many other project with great potentials. Setting aside the financial problems caused, the result of the moon explorations of Apollo 11 was just a bunch of stone specimens, with little visible economic and scientific returns. Looking back in history, navigators in the age of the explorations brought countless treasures back home, which was great inspirations for further voyages. The space stations built in the earth orbit has also derived less visible gains than they are supposed to be. The space mutation breeding is also exaggerated in its rate of success, depending largely on luck. Compared to history, it is hard to see any motivations to increase the investment by the United State on deep space explorations.

As discussed above, the United States have invested billions on space exploration projects that lack adequate motivations. Humans are neither ready mentally for the idea of space colonization, nor are they technically equipped to create a self-sustaining ecosphere in space. There should be less emphasis on the government and NASA involvement in space explorations. The transfer of the space exploration industry into private sectors is a solution. A company named SpaceX was set up in the US, which specializes in developing low-cost space launches. The company has managed to lower the price for a single launch mission to 54 million dollars, which is even lower than the Chinese quotations (Quartz, 2013). The success of SpaceX, in addition to the help it gets from the US government, is largely owning to the fact that it is a profit-driven private company, which is not limited by the voters or the rigid bureaucratic systems of the government institutions. By transferring the industry into the private sector, the financial burdens of NASA would be significantly alleviated. In the future, as proposed by the company CEO of SpaceX, spacing traveling on the consumer level will be made possible by SpaceX. People can pay 500 thousand dollars for a space traveling experience, which is expected to reduce further. The commercialization of space explorations will bring not only motivations, but real investments into the industry, which would lead to the further perfection of the nearby space explorations, and get US ready for deeper explorations in the future.

Compared to the high-key of the space exploration, ocean explorations have stayed low-profile for recent years. However, ocean explorations are just equally, or even more important for the United States, at least in the recent centuries. The main purpose of government-led explorations should be the establishment of a better understanding of the earth and the environment, potential economic gains, as well as other scientific values. In fact, the first reason for ocean explorations is that humans are so close to the oceans, yet they know very little about the majority of them. However, oceans play a crucial role in the water cycles of within our ecosphere as well as global climate (Berman, 2016). Therefore, it is not adequate to understand only the shallow parts of oceans, if people want to establish a comprehensive understanding of the environment. Unlike the high-cost space exploration missions, oceans cost much lower. The potential establishment of underwater cities is also much easier from the engineering perspective (XPRIZE, 2016). More explorations would realize the dreams of humans to live underwater, which will generate a significant amount of economic gains (NOAA, 2014). Taking the first steps in such explorations would give the US a head start in the future competitions. In addition, there reside large numbers of strange species in deep oceans, which are alien to humans. The study of these creatures will reveal the origin of life on earth, which is a much more visible goal than space explorations. The ocean floors are also great sources to study earthquake mechanisms, which is valuable for the geologists.

The missing of flight MH370 in 2014 has shown how powerless human are in front of the vastness of the oceans. Therefore, the first and most important step in the development of ocean explorations is the investment in technologies that are crucial for deep sea activities. Secondly, a promotion of ocean explorations in the education system is needed, so that more talents will be interested in joining the courses. Such measures would impose little extra costs on the budget of NOAA, except for the investments made in the technologies. However, the technologies will not only be applied for the explorations, but in other areas and industries that would benefit the public and generate revenue. Such technologies include deep sea diving instruments, telecommunications and filming in the ocean, robotics, as well as factories and scientific expedition stations on the floor of the Oceans. The development of technologies will also enable the United States in the extraction of the enormous amounts of deep ocean resources that used to be inaccessible to humans. Despite the challenges faced in the multiple steps of the plan, it is significantly easier and more motivating than space explorations.

Due to the high costs of space explorations and the relatively low returns, space exploration activities should be reduced to those that are only necessary and crucial. The success of SpaceX has pointed out a solution to the space industry by the commercialization of it. In comparison, ocean explorations should gain more attention than it has, since it is relevant to not only the US, but the entire mankind. The visible economic gains through development of technology and extraction of deep sea resources are strong motivations for the further explorations. In addition, the scientific values brought with the explorations are unimaginable, covering the fields of geology, seismology, biology, and volcanology, which will then inspire countless new findings. Overall, potential plans of transferring the space explorations to the private sectors and the increased investment in technology and education for ocean explorations are made, without incurring too much extra costs for either NASA or NOAA.

References

Berman R. (October 23, 2016). Why We Should Explore the Ocean as Seriously as We Explore Space. BigThink.com. Retrieved from http://bigthink.com/robby-berman/why-we-should-explore-the-ocean-as-seriously-as-we-explore-space

Cornwell, R. (July 5, 2006). The Big Question: Is manned space exploration a waste of time and money? Retrieved from: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/the-big-question-is-manned-space-exploration-a-waste-of-time-and-money-8035031.html

NOAA. (July 24, 2014). What Is Ocean Exploration and Why Is It Important? Retrieved from: http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/backmatter/whatisexploration.html

Quartz. (2013). SpaceX just made rocket launches affordable. Here’s how it could make them downright cheap. Retrieved from: https://www.google.co.jp/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&rlz=1C1CHWL_zh-CNSG694SG695&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=SpaceX+54+million&*

XPRIZE. (March 11, 2016). Oceans Vs. Space: Which Is Really the Final Frontier? Retrieved from: http://www.xprize.org/news/blog/oceans-vs-space-which-really-final-frontier

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