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essay代写-Post-industrial British sports architecture

2019-01-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Post-industrial British sports architecture讨论了后工业时代的英国体育建筑。随着后工业时代社会需求的多元立体化发展,体育建筑逐渐摆脱静态单一模式一跃成为复合性的城市休闲中心。这意味着体育建筑在功能转换上需要具有高度的灵活性,因此增强功能转换度和提高资源利用率已成为当前体育建筑设计的时代主题。在此基础上,高新科技的应用也为体育建筑的创作和发展提供了全新的思维模式、艺术感受和功能体验。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

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As one of the earliest countries in the world to enter the post-industrial society, Britain has completed the leap from manufacturing to ecological civilization in the social structure transformation in recent decades, and at the same time completed the transformation with the function and technology as the core in the field of sports architecture. With the diversification of the development of society and human life, the function of sports architecture also evolves from a single static and closed space to a multi-level, multi-element compound, dynamic and open space. At the same time, in the post-industrial society, the application of ecological technology has gradually become a new design concept. This change in the function and technology of sports architecture also strengthens the relationship with other social systems and promotes the development of urban construction.

With the multi-dimensional development of social needs in the post-industrial era, sports architecture gradually gets rid of the static single mode and becomes a complex urban leisure center integrating culture and sports, entertainment, leisure and shopping. This means that sports buildings need to have a high degree of flexibility in functional transformation, so enhancing the degree of functional transformation and improving the utilization of resources has become the theme of The Times of sports architecture design. On this basis, the application of information imaging technology, digital simulation technology, sustainable ecological technology and other high and new technologies also provides a new thinking mode, artistic feeling and functional experience for the creation and development of sports architecture.

The continuous updating of technology and the continuous improvement of the experience standard of urban residents make the design style of British stadium in the past 30 years show obvious changes.

As shown in table 1, from 1990 to 2010, British stadium design style gradually got rid of the shackles of traditional pragmatism aesthetics, and the shape changed from single, rough and bulky to light, thin and full of visual tension. These changes are mainly attributed to the upgrading of structural materials, equipment and technology, and the corresponding changes of social aesthetic preferences. At the same time, parametric design platform also provides a strong impetus for it.

The diversification of people's demands and the catalytic effect make the stadium no longer an independent individual, but gradually become a new type of business core, which not only attracts people and stimulates consumption, but also drives the development of surrounding economic industries and plays a catalytic role in the regional redevelopment.

As the explorer of the cutting-edge technology in the field of green energy conservation, the British architecture industry shows the characteristics of multi-level and integration in the application of technology in the stadium, which greatly guarantees the diversity of the stadium.

In order to enhance the international competitiveness of the stadium, the United Kingdom selects first-class competition facilities, such as the RF induction coil and disassembled seats in Leeds stadium, which can meet the needs of hosting a variety of activities and contribute to the improvement of the attendance, operating income and popularity of the stadium.

As a typical representative of post-industrial era, sports architecture, Glasgow, Leeds veidekke gymnasium stadium is Britain's new landmark, the function layout adopts more adapt to multifunctional "theater + gym" dual function model, and adopted the most advanced ecological technology, the development trend of study of modern sports architecture is of important value.

Adjacent to the construction of Clyde auditorium, Glasgow veidekke gymnasium for the west side of zaha? hadid's new riverside museum, the north is the highway. The pavilion is an extension of the Scottish exhibition and convention centre and a cultural and events centre for the whole city, hosting different types of events and performances.

Leeds stadium is located in the city center, which is a key urban renewal project in the old city center of the city. It can not only meet the needs of holding sports events, but also meet the needs of concerts, drama performances and entertainment.

The shape of Glasgow's Hydro stadium was inspired by the topography of its site, which is modeled after the Greek and Roman amphitheater construction and is 44.8m high. As part of the continuing regeneration of the river Clyde, the pavilion has become Scotland's latest sporting and cultural icon.

The shape design of Leeds gymnasium is more dependent on the computer. It takes tyson polygon as the prototype. The surface USES the concept of random geometry space.

Hydro stadium in Glasgow creates a new kind of sensory experience. The whole roof gradually rises from the north to the south, and the layout of the internal stands changes with the form of the roof. In addition, the slanted well lattice roof structure with a span of 120m makes the auditorium space magnificent. On the ground floor there is a main hall and a variety of cafes and restaurants. The main population space on the second floor is connected to a glass curtain wall that extends to the river, with distinct personalities. The auditorium is equipped with the most advanced facilities in China. The seats are arranged in an oval shape and can accommodate 12,500 people. There are 3500 movable seats on the first floor, 2 VIP suites and 11 boxes on the second and third floors, and 8000 fixed seats in the top stand area. The functions are flexible to meet different needs.

Leeds stadium is designed for the comfort, convenience and safety of the spectators. Different from the traditional gymnasium, the stand is in the form of fan, instead of the traditional oval or horseshoe shape, which guarantees the best visual distance of 68m. At the same time, the interior design is flexible. Based on the activity type and the seating capacity, the first 15 rows of seats are set as retractable seats, which can be disassembled according to the needs and become a standing place that can accommodate thousands of spectators. The hall on the first floor of the venue has souvenir selling area, bar area, and multi-functional and variable toilets for the disabled, which can provide more convenient facilities according to the needs of different groups of people. The stands have 4 floors, all equipped with toilets for the disabled and clothes changing rooms for children. At the same time, RF induction coil is installed for hearing impaired people to eliminate noise and enhance the sound transmission clarity at the sound source, so that everyone can enjoy the best sound sensation experience.

The exterior of Glasgow Hydro stadium is clad with a special translucent ETFE membrane, which can present a mixture of 12.8 million different colors and different facade effects at night.

Leeds stadium is the most sustainable venue in the UK, and has obtained the highest BREEAM rating of its kind in the UK by 61%. In addition to the form and skin, the stadium also fully takes into account the energy efficiency. Specific technologies include: roof rainwater collection system, air heat pump system, roof greening system, etc.

As a typical form of post-industrial era, the British gym, Glasgow veidekke design of stadium and gymnasium Leeds represents the latest development trend: after given the industrial urban renewal movement advocated for urban regeneration and development, the current stadium space functions tend to be complex, form implicit and penetrate into urban skin texture, the monotony of land use pattern change city center, to create a diverse, symbiosis, full of development potential of urban life center.

Integrated scheduling ecological technology to optimize the whole life cycle operation cost and low carbon considerations of the stadium has become the inevitable response of architects under the background of low carbon economy.

To be sure, due to the different social, economic and technological conditions and phases between China and the UK, the British construction model may not be completely suitable for China. However, as a reference, it undoubtedly provides a constructive choice for the development of China's stadium.

At present our country is still in the transition of society from industrial to post-industrial society, as an important node of city sports building, city area to its location and catalytic radiation needs more intense, the audience for architectural works from the simple to use to the aesthetic demand is growing, at the same time, the integration of parametric and ecological technology for sports architectural design created a platform. Based on the above requirements, the gymnasium of shenyang university of aeronautics and astronautics has made a beneficial attempt in various aspects.

As shenhang gymnasium is located at the edge of the school, the design fully combines the characteristics of urban space use, and overall layout of auxiliary space, introduces the training, business and catering space into the gymnasium, with commercial fitness, mutual stimulation and catalyst effect, and constructive consideration of sustainable development, laying the foundation for future socialized comprehensive services.

For classes at the school sports facilities and training with the actual operation situation of frequent, cade d stadium to integrate the stadium, the proportion of each part on 54 m x 40 m venue is symmetric layout and position by changing the activity to adjust and control the number of venue size, combine a variety of sports competitions, training, teaching and the demand of the rally, to undertake the including 2013 liaoning fencing and cade d its 60th anniversary of the national games, and other important activities.

In combination with the climate characteristics of the cold region in the north, shenhang gymnasium obtained the most suitable shape by means of computer-aided parametric simulation technology, Grasshopper modeling and CFD ventilation simulation, including high middle height, low surrounding, flat and spherical steel structure roof and wall, realizing the minimization of the external interface area and environmental load of the gymnasium competition hall. In particular, the roof of the extraction space, the top can form a cyclone, so that the internal wind pressure moderate, site, seat ventilation effect is good.

FIG. 5 shows the vertical section cloud diagram of wind pressure and wind speed in the stadium. The warmer the color of the cloud diagram is, the greater the positive pressure value will be; otherwise, the greater the negative pressure value will be. The warmer the color of the wind speed cloud diagram, the higher the wind speed will be. According to the cloud diagram, the wind speed inside the stadium changes obviously, and the wind speed at the seat is larger. At the same time, the stadium adopts transparent but opaque sunlight-panel skylight to introduce natural skylight, reduce the number of artificial lighting hours in daily operation, and realize the ecological design of the stadium with low energy consumption.

The rapid development of contemporary social economy, politics, culture, science and technology as well as the operation of urban organism no longer limit sports architecture to a single function, but mix new functions in the original function. The development of British sports provides valuable reference for the development of Chinese sports. Our country gymnasium should carry on the thorough research in the following three aspects: only by truly realizing the pluralism of gymnasium, can the demand of different types of users of gymnasium be satisfied; Efficient use of ecological technology and control of capital cost is the only way to achieve low energy consumption and high ecology of sports buildings. Only by integrating the stadium into the urban space and giving full play to its catalytic effect, can the scope of its influence be expanded and the vitality of architecture be extended.

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