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Essay代写:The development of volunteerism in Britain

2019-01-08 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The development of volunteerism in Britain,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国志愿服务的发展。英国是世界上志愿服务萌芽最早、发展最成熟的国家之一。当前,英国的志愿服务开展得十分活跃,拥有广泛的群众基础和良好的社会声誉,已逐渐步入组织化、规范化和系统化的轨道,形成了一套比较完整的运作机制。志愿服务已经成为英国加强对公民的道德教育和维护社会稳定的有效形式。

volunteer,英国志愿服务,英国代写,英国论文代写,essay代写

At present, voluntary service is an indispensable part of almost every civilized society. It refers to the activity that anyone voluntarily contributes his time and energy to provide services for the promotion of human development, social progress and social welfare without material reward. Voluntary service is getting more and more attention from the government and society because of its outstanding social benefits. The UK is one of the countries in the world where voluntary service is the earliest, most mature and most effective. This paper attempts to analyze and draw inspiration from the successful experience in the development of voluntary service in the UK.

At present, volunteer service in the UK is very active, with a broad mass base and a good social reputation. It has gradually stepped into the track of organization, standardization and systematization, and formed a relatively complete operation mechanism. Volunteering has become an effective form of strengthening moral education for British citizens and maintaining social stability. The main factors for its success are as follows:

The British government has established a series of policies to support the development of voluntary services. One of them is to set up a system to encourage donations, such as the return of income tax. This is both a disguised form of state financial support and a way to encourage wider donations. In 2004, the British home secretary, Mr. Brown, announced a system for facilitating donations to voluntary organizations. The system allows employees of small and medium-sized enterprises to donate money directly through their salary payment bank agent, which greatly facilitates employees of small and medium-sized enterprises to make regular and irregular small donations. The system also stipulates that corporate donations are deducted from pretax profits, meaning that the contributions are exempt. In addition, the government also entrusts projects to voluntary organizations for win-win cooperation. Governments, especially local governments, often entrust voluntary organizations with tasks that belong to government functions. For example, chatting with the elderly in need is one of the tasks for the government to take care of the elderly. This work is generally entrusted to voluntary organizations by the government, and the government provides such expenses as volunteer transportation and staff office expenses, so as to achieve a win-win situation.

The important reason for the success of voluntary service in Britain is the strong support of social forces. The whole subject of voluntary service can be understood as the operation of social forces. A large amount of funds come from the society. In addition to individual and corporate donations, there are a large number of social welfare funds in Britain, such as children's charity fund, millennium volunteers provident fund, European charity fund, health department and voluntary action fund, etc. Government input accounts for only 36 percent, and has included the project funds of voluntary organizations entrusted by the government.

The main supervision and management of voluntary organizations also comes from social forces. The voluntary service industry in Britain has formed a sound supervision mechanism with the board of directors as the main body and the government as the auxiliary. In the UK, each volunteer agency is an independent legal entity, operating independently under its own board of directors. The board of directors of a voluntary organization may also be called a voluntary organization management committee or a director or supervisor. The board of directors shall guide the operation of the voluntary service agencies, the decision-making of major events and the supervision of financial management. In small voluntary organizations with few or no employees, the board is also responsible for day-to-day office work. The government's macro-supervision of voluntary organizations includes an annual review of financial reports and a review of the qualifications of voluntary institutions. Specific government supervision is more limited to the work of the government and voluntary organizations.

The extensive social foundation is the foundation and platform for the survival and development of voluntary service. In 2003, 27 percent of citizens volunteered at least once a month through clubs, associations or other organizations. Thirty-nine percent of citizens have volunteered at least once in the past year. But voluntary organizations do not simply rely on the society and the government to give, market-oriented, corporate operation is an important reason for their development. First, each organization is an independent legal person. Just like a company, it runs its own business and assumes its own profits and losses. Second, there is fierce competition among different voluntary organizations because resources are always limited. Therefore, both employees and board members have a strong sense of competition and crisis. Third, many voluntary organizations are exploring business, seeking profits and supporting the development of voluntary services.

Thanks to the accumulation of brands year after year, voluntary service has become the most trusted organization among the public. In 2002, 63 percent of citizens said they trusted voluntary agencies, compared with 15 percent for political parties and 37 percent for parliament. Nevertheless, the government and numerous voluntary service organizations still arrange a large amount of manpower and material resources to carry out persistent advertising campaigns to enhance the affinity and attraction of voluntary service. In public places like bus stations, airports and schools in Britain, promotional materials about voluntary service can be seen everywhere.

Volunteer service requires volunteers to donate time or even money without direct reward. However, in fact, the UK connects volunteer service activities with the interests of talents and employment of citizens and companies, so that volunteer service activities can get comprehensive response from the public and establish a broad mass base. The far-reaching millennium volunteer initiative aims to encourage 16- to 24-year-olds to gain new skills and employment qualifications while contributing to the community. The national volunteer experience initiative, launched in 2003, aims to "... "" to inherit and learn the talents and skills of the older generation, because their talents have already influenced and promoted an era." " Many companies encourage their employees to volunteer regularly because their employees are healthier, more socially aware, and more understanding of the company's problems. Many companies participate in voluntary service because it can enhance the communication with the society and build a good social image.

The operation mechanism of China youth volunteer action and even China's volunteer service is "party and government support, the communist youth league undertaking and socialized operation". The communist youth league undertaking is our characteristic, is the superiority. However, with the social reform and economic development, the social forces and private capital that strongly support voluntary service have already existed objectively. We need to involve a wider range of civil society actors in financial support, operations and management oversight. Moreover, we should get rid of the misunderstanding that "youth volunteer organization is an official organization belonging to the communist youth league", let the volunteer organization return to the society, and let competent enthusiastic people manage it; Voluntary organizations independently arrange their daily operations according to social needs; The government should formulate a system to encourage enterprises, public welfare funds, non-profit organizations and the general public to support voluntary services, such as a preferential tax system for enterprises and individuals to donate voluntary services and a corresponding convenience system. Departments such as the communist youth league and civil affairs bureau should strengthen the annual financial inspection and organizational qualification examination of voluntary organizations.

The communist youth league shoulders a special historical mission -- it is the actual undertaker of China's voluntary action. First of all, to ensure the normal development of youth volunteers, the key lies in the construction of the mechanism. In recent years, the adult preparatory period voluntary service system, the volunteer registration system and the voluntary service savings system are very good systems, but the key lies in the actual implementation. Secondly, it is necessary to realize the transformation of volunteers from "I want to do" to "I want to do". A questionnaire survey conducted by guangzhou guangzhou guangzhou, Hong Kong and Macao youth research institute shows that the proportion of young volunteers recruited through the public only accounts for 0.9%. Therefore, to vigorously open recruitment, to ensure that the most essential characteristics of volunteer service - voluntary. Secondly, we should base ourselves on the youth and face the society. We should make good use of the opportunity of youth to serve the society. We should publicize good voluntary service and inspire the whole society to understand, support and participate in voluntary service. Again to both ends of the adolescent development. There is no doubt that although China has a large number of young volunteers, most of them are college students. The recruitment of young volunteers should be extended to the youth groups and social youth groups. In particular, the young volunteer age should be defined as under 45 years old, just like the selection of outstanding young people. It can be said that when Chinese young people aged 14-45 take an active part in voluntary service in large Numbers, it is the day when the volunteer service of the whole people in China develops vigorously. In a word, we should expand the connotation of youth volunteers and make them become the vanguard and main force of national volunteer service.

Registered youth volunteer organizations are independent legal persons. At present, most youth volunteer organizations rely on the communist youth league to carry out activities. Due to the authoritative, professional, extensive and mass nature of the organization of the communist youth league, China's youth volunteer action at the initial stage has developed rapidly. However, with the continuous development of the society, the scale and mode of volunteer activities will develop from a single large-scale activity to a diversified, miniaturized and personalized direction, and more and more volunteer organizations will emerge in different social strata. Independent legal person operation is an inevitable need. Independent legal entity operates just like a company. In addition to providing services that are welcomed by the society, it should also solve the problem of human and financial resources. We should learn from the experience of voluntary service activities in the UK and establish a fundraising mechanism based on government funding, social sponsorship, member's own expenses and income generated by self-run entities. The government should create an environment conducive to the participation of voluntary organizations in business operations, such as preferential tax policies. Voluntary organizations should strive for government-commissioned projects and seek support funds. Take advantage of the abundant human resources of young people, especially young students, such as "I work for one hour for students who are out of school" paid volunteer service. Material, had fund, position and tool problem are solved readily. In addition to recruiting volunteers, full-time employees should be employed as far as possible, which is an inevitable requirement for the development and growth of an organization. It is particularly meaningful to learn from the experience of the UK in operating human resource sales services in the field of voluntary service and seeking development funds to become a unique industry. This field can provide a large number of employment opportunities and solve the problem of social unemployment. Currently, employees in the voluntary service industry account for 2.2 percent of the total employment population in the UK, 2.0 percent of the total employment population in Japan and 5.6 percent of the total employment population in the United States.

The wish index for young people to take part in voluntary action summarized by the UK is of great significance for us. The top priority for young people is resilience. Because young people often have sudden plans for other activities and regular volunteer service conflicts, it is important for them to choose the voluntary service time and content independently. Easy access will help young people find opportunities to volunteer easily, so more information, more encouragement and easier participation will help young people remove barriers to volunteering. Motivation is very important, necessary and positive stimulation can guide young people to participate in and continue to volunteer service, the most prominent and the most real stimulus is the experience and qualification of proof, if there can be transportation, meals and other expenses compensation, ensure that at least not out of their own pocket is also a kind of incentive. The diverse types, contents and structures of work suit the broad personal interests and goals of the younger generation, which will attract a wider range of young people to participate. Voluntary organizations need to be efficient but not too rigid. They need to provide a relaxed environment for young people to feel welcome and valuable. They need correct evaluation, good advice and support, rather than excessive organizational management and supervision. Young people think that volunteering should be fun and enjoyable, so happy volunteer work can attract young people more. At the same time, volunteer organizations should also guide young volunteers to be good at learning and training when participating in volunteer service. Taking part in volunteer activities can not only give play to one's professional skills, but also get out of the narrow life circle, understand a broader society and life, and enrich one's life experience. Moreover, volunteers also get the opportunity to learn new knowledge and skills. What's more worth mentioning is that while serving others, volunteers not only express their sympathy and care for the weak, but also improve their understanding of the concept of humanity and human conscience. Therefore, it is necessary to guide volunteers to grasp the opportunity of self-education and self-improvement, improve their work ability, and improve their spiritual and moral state while offering service.

Brand is the lifeline of social public welfare undertakings. The higher the brand, the greater the marginal effect of voluntary undertakings. Since the 19th century, the British voluntary service has been a very high brand, but the British government and voluntary service organizations have never relaxed the cultivation of their brand publicity. Compared with the successful experience in Britain, the brand effect of youth volunteer service in China still has great potential. At present, the publicity of voluntary activities is mainly reported, and there are not many active packaging promotions. For example, the youth volunteer action does not have its own image "advertising" at present. The youth volunteer action should have a concise and direct logo, which should be visualized, symbolized and visualized to form a combination of rational consensus and emotional impact. Of course, there should be a variety of ways to promote China youth volunteers. For example, during the prime time of TV and radio programs, there will be public service advertisements about voluntary activities. Using Internet resources to publicize the youth volunteer action is also a beneficial attempt. Many local youth volunteer organizations have launched their own websites and web pages. But most of the content lacks a single form and interactive function. Therefore, we should have the awareness of e-service, build good network resources, publicize the concept and content of voluntary activities on the Internet, and attract more teenagers to participate in voluntary activities.

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