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essay代写-Public administration by the government

2018-11-09 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Public administration by the government讨论了政府的公共管理。公共管理责任是一种制度化的控权体系。在民主政治的社会里,公共管理责任,主要依靠外在的控权体系来约束政府权力,为了确保公共的意志和法律得以执行,就需要依据控权的程序来防止和反对政府权力用来追求自身的利益,防止政府为了自身的利益而置公共利益于不顾。建立和健全政府责任的控权体系,以政府的制度化责任来规范政府的行为。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

Public administration,政府公共管理,essay代写,代写,paper代写

The responsibility of government public management has three characteristics: democratic political nature, obligatory nature and institutional nature. It is of great significance for the government to assume responsibility in the process of public management. The establishment of the government's public management responsibility is the embodiment of democracy, the embodiment of rule of law, the embodiment of government non-corrupt and the embodiment of government capacity. There are three ways for the government to take responsibility in the process of public management, including the public to evaluate the government, the government to respond to the public and the public to hold the government accountable.

The government responsibility in public administration and democracy and the rule of law country has a direct relationship, the government responsibility is refers to the government and its officials because of its enjoy corresponding to follow the principle of the constitution, the national administrative power and safeguard national legal system, national security, development of public utilities, maintenance of life and property of citizens are inviolable. For modern society, the intensity of administrative intervention, administrative responsibility is strengthened. Not only socialist countries, but also liberal countries have also become the organs of economic development, the guarantor of social balance, and assumed the overall responsibility of regulating the whole society. In the modern state, on the one hand, responsibility for order and security is maintained and strengthened; On the other hand, the state interferes in economic and social relations, and the administration must monitor the operation of the economy, ensure economic development, prevent economic crisis, and guarantee the welfare of the individual and fully guarantee the development of the individual in all aspects. It is necessary for democracy and rule of law to discuss that the government should assume the corresponding responsibilities in the process of public administration.

In a democratic society, government is created by the masses, for the masses, and is accountable to the masses. In this sense, democratic politics is the politics of public opinion and rule of law. Therefore, it is the politics of responsibility. The government's responsibility in public administration reflects the development of democratic system. The government has never been responsible to the point of total responsibility as a result of the development of democratic politics.

The relationship between government and citizens can be summed up in a principal-agent relationship. Principal-agent theory is gradually mature with the emergence and development of modern joint-stock companies. Its core is to establish corresponding mechanisms to deal with the relationship between owners and operators as well as various levels of organizations in the corporate structure by clarifying the specific relationship between principals and agents in terms of responsibilities, rights and interests. The main content of this theory: principal-agent relationship can occur in all organizations and all cooperative activities. The power of the government comes from the commission of citizens. The premise of the commission of citizens is that the government must exercise the public management power for the interests of citizens, at the same time, it does not allow the government to abuse the public power, and the person exercising power must assume the relevant responsibilities by using the public power.

However, in modern society, from the operation of power, government power is expanding. Social development also requires the government to expand its power, and if the expansion of power lacks borders, then power will always cross the border and abuse the power. In today's world, governments of various countries always encounter the phenomenon of government power expansion in the process of development. Governments themselves have the power to constantly expand their power. Without the way to control power, government power will continue to grow.

The growth of public sector power has two sides. The existence of state power can promote economic development, but the existence of state power can also hinder economic development. The proper use of government power can lead to rapid economic development and even development beyond the normal speed. However, improper use of government power will seriously jeopardize the future of democracy. Basically, the best solution to the development of democracy is: "equal responsibility must be exercised for how much power is delegated to the government."

For the public management subject, the process of assuming government management responsibility is a process of serving citizens, which reflects the government's obligation. Theoretically, the responsibility and obligation of public administration are consistent, or even the same concept, but in general ethics, the responsibility and obligation are separated in order to compromise to the political science and legal principles of modern times. Actually, "the responsibility and obligation is the same thing, the people of a certain social relationships, is beyond the prescribed form, and in another kind of social relations, is a person's internal rules, in essence, the responsibility and obligation is unified, are human and others, and society of a kind of special relationship, only in certain stage of historical development, human society has been in the responsibility of a state of separation."

In modern society, although equality is required in political ideas, in fact, the social class difference between people has not been abolished. Therefore, the concept of responsibility and obligation still exists. As modern society has caused hatred of social class in the field of ideology, the effect of this kind of emotion in the psychological structure of people is always shown as trying to blur the quality of those concepts with hierarchical social characteristics, which is more endowed with formalized connotation. Therefore, the responsibility and obligation of public management are becoming less and less identical. BSP; The responsibility of government public administration is the obligation of government public administration. This obligation is mainly reflected in two aspects: first, the government ACTS to the state power subject to assume due effect, seek interests, provide public services and compliance with law enforcement obligations. The responsibility of public administration in China is reflected in the government's responsibility to the people's congress that produced it, and ultimately, to the owner of sovereignty -- citizens. Second, it is consistent with the authorization under the administrative power controlled by the government level. Lower officials are responsible to higher officials, and assume the obligation of loyalty to their duties, hard work, improvement of efficiency and compliance with laws and regulations. This obligation has the nature of administrative regulations.

The government's responsibility for public administration is part of the government's overall political and legal system, which is also a system of its own.

In the overall political system of the country, the behavior of government organs and administrative officials is restricted by laws and regulations, and in reality, it is mutually restricted with other state organs and their officials in the political and legal process. When the public management subject ACTS in violation of law and discipline, it will be held accountable. This internal mechanism is an important part of the national political system and the result of the national political system.

The responsibility of the subject of public management is institutionalized, immobilized and legalized in the form of administrative laws and regulations. This not only facilitates the government to fulfill its responsibilities, but also defines the government's behavior so that the government's behavior can be justified.

The responsibility of public management is an institutionalized system of control. In a democratic political society, the public management responsibility, rely mainly on the external control system to restrain the power of the government, in order to ensure that the public will and law execution, on the basis of the control program is required to prevent and against the power of the government to pursue their own interests, to prevent the government for the sake of their own interests regardless of the public interest. We should establish and perfect the system of controlling the government's responsibility and regulate the government's behavior with the institutionalized responsibility of the government.

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