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英国essay代写:Cultural consciousness

2018-11-06 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Cultural consciousness讨论了文化自觉。日本的第一次教育改革具有很强的民族自觉性,日本人的这种文化自觉性不仅仅是外力的压迫,日本的岛国心理以及他们单一民族的强烈的民族感,使得他们往往能把目光看到远处,能把目光放到比自己先进的地方,从开始的学习中方,到后来的学习西方,它总是把民族的发展放在第一位,少了许多的功利主义目的,少了许多的政治纷争,一切的一切都是为了民族的利益。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

Cultural consciousness,文化自觉,essay代写,代写,paper代写

Day of the two countries in education modernization since modern times, from the start at the same time, in the same starting line, but the education of the two countries different culture tradition of cultural consciousness, especially the understanding of western culture is different, our national culture and western culture, national traditional culture and modern culture, and a series of major issues in different, which causes of the two countries for popularizing education purpose, status, education into different aspects, so as to make the education modernization appeared a huge gap between the two countries. The study of the influence of cultural consciousness of China and Japan on the development of modern education has important practical significance and reference value for the ongoing modernization of China education.

As a single nation, Japan has the very strong national consciousness, and people always takes national cohesion of and attention by the world, since ancient times has a strong sense of national crisis, it is always very keen observing the world around it, especially the advanced civilization than he is, it always can from comparing with the advanced civilization, find my own shortcomings, always active to understand this kind of advanced civilization, through learning and absorption, to promote the further development of their national culture. The most typical example is the study of Chinese civilization. Japan learned from China in every aspect of writing, architecture and life. However, Japan did not simply imitate. Japan's national culture is always set to open culture, it's on to cling to their traditional national culture at the same time, always to the advanced culture with strong curiosity, always can change passive to active, active to learn the advantages of advanced culture, to make up for his own shortcomings, to closely follow the world development trend.

From the geographical culture, China is a large country, and it is humongous, is the sea to the east, the west is desert and alpine, makes China's exchanges with other countries is very for the inconvenience, this is also the Chinese foreign become is not too concerned about things, more than one thousand years before the opium war, the Chinese civilization has always been an example to others of, while other countries are actively when observing the world, the Chinese are also in the middle kingdom, doing the beautiful dream. Although the Chinese nation has absorbed the things of other nations, it has carried out in a victorious manner with its own advantage. Though the culture of the Chinese nation, in a few hundred years, almost no breakthrough, but he knew very little about the rest of the world things, for this our national culture in the position in the world is not an objective evaluation, accustomed to a kind of advantage cultural attitude to look at other civilization, serious lack of cultural self-consciousness, make China gradually from the tide of world development more and more far, also left a bad seeds on the development of China's modernization.

Since the opium war, China and the gap between the western powers is revealed, the ancient Chinese lose the ability to resist in front of the western rivals, for thousands of years history team and the traditional culture of governing lost big proof of "yi xia" effect, countries in the Michael Jackson, this prompted the advanced Chinese people began to think seriously about China, the reason for the comparison of Chinese and western cultural merits short-long, gradually from the traditional thinking of the Chinese culture center, began in the west for reference frame, seek China's way, but for the vast majority of citizens and rulers clearly without this understanding, The sense of cultural superiority of the "central great power" was distorted into a narrow nationalism and a comprehensive rejection of western culture. Although there are some enlightened people who want to learn from the west, the reform on education is only a superficial reform without a thorough understanding of western culture, which fails to learn the essence of western culture. Such culture unconsciously influenced the early modernization of China education.

The opium war between China and Britain in 1840 reduced China to a colonial and semi-colonial country. In 1853, American gunnery opened the door to Japan, which had been closed for two centuries. Since then, western powers forced Japan to sign a series of unequal treaties, and the Japanese nation was at a critical moment of survival. At this time of national crisis, the Meiji restoration movement broke out in Japan. In order to save the yamato nationality, Japan's first school system was established on the basis of "and soul foreign talent". First education reform in Japan has a strong national consciousness, because not only is to go back, even death, become the consensus of all the people yamato, the Japanese this cultural self-consciousness is not only external forces of oppression, the Japanese island of psychological as well as their nation's strong ethical, they often can see in the distance, look where you can focus on advanced than oneself, from the beginning of learning Chinese, to the later learning the west, it is always the development of the nation in the first place, much less utilitarian purpose, fewer political wrangling, everything all is for the benefit of the nation.

Before the World War I, Japan basically completed education westernization to localization of the transformation. Is after the second world war and the second education reform, following the defeat of Japan, the Japanese national pride and self-confidence of harm, to oneself ethnic things began to doubt, in the "post-war vanity" and "value vacuum" phase of the education reform, is almost completely americanized education reform at a time, did not consider the actual situation of Japan, is the transfer of the American democracy and legal system, and so on to Japan in the education. Although it was a simple imitation, Japan, as a defeated country, had access to the most advanced education system in the world at that time. After the Japanese gradually stepped out of the shadow of the war, their cultural consciousness began to revive, and they began to discard the American education system, making the American things be used for me.

The period of "May 4th" new culture movement is a milestone of Chinese cultural consciousness. The vigorous criticism of traditional culture by the pioneers of the new culture movement stimulated the support and preference of other people. The serious consequences of the World War I, in particular, made some Chinese people suspicious of western civilization and began to try to find a way out of the Chinese culture to rejuvenate the nation. It was also the time when cultural conservatism prevailed. Cultural conservatives strive to maintain the value of Chinese culture, and advocate the coordination and compromise of eastern and western culture while defending the inherent culture of China. It was well-intentioned and adapted to the needs of The Times when the national flag was raised to save the country from extinction, and thus had a wide social impact. However, history has proved that cultural conservatism has not solved the problem of the relationship between Chinese and western cultures and between traditional culture and modern culture. Although there were many attempts of education reform during this period, there were many practical activities of education reform in a short time, but in the end, due to this cultural insensitivity, it was impossible to benefit the modernization of education in China.

The third education reform in Japan, it is after the 70 s, is Japan's only active in the peaceful environment for education reform, established by economic powers in the 80 s Japan political power shift, Japan after dream gradually carry out their economies, the Japanese began to reconsider his nation in the position in the world, in order to establish national power in the world, Japanese people are no longer looking for imitation, the example of them for their start to carry on the cultural innovation, think Japan has gone into the era of cultural output and cultural innovation. The third education reform featuring personalization, lifelong, internationalization and informatization is also carried out in this context.

In the late 70 s, as China's reform and opening up and modernization construction of the comprehensive advancement, cultural issues, and become the focus of attention, in the mid - 80 - s, formed the cultural hot, this cultural hot includes two aspects of western culture and traditional culture, but by the end of the 20th century, nationalism began to look up, a "China can say no", triggered a wave of nationalism, together and then have some unknown the truth, in the west under the misleading of some theory, to: The 21st century is China's reality, and the world's solution to the problem lies in the east. In this increasingly nationalized and diversified society, this kind of nationalist thought is absolutely unacceptable for China to learn from other civilizations to promote the modernization of our country. It will be a great obstacle in the development of education. Now China is carrying out a series of education reforms, this kind of cultural insensitivity will have a certain impact on education.

Cultural awareness makes the development of Japanese education remarkable achievements, while cultural awareness makes the road of modernization of our country blocked by many obstacles, which makes the gap between Japan and Japan, which is basically the same as the original start, increasing. Under the impact of globalization, there is a national culture crisis, and countries around the world are trying to alleviate this crisis through various reforms. The education reform in the new century in China also complies with this trend. In the process of education reform, cultural consciousness should not be neglected. It is of great urgency to enhance the sense of crisis of the Chinese nation, enhance the Chinese people's sense of identity with their national culture, increase exchanges and dialogue with other cultures, avoid blind arrogance, blind exclusion, and of course, avoid blindly following the west. In the reform of education, we should integrate this awareness, and our own national identity and understanding of other civilizations, so as to combine cultural self-consciousness with international understanding. Now China is carrying out a series of education reforms, such as the basic course reform. In order to make these reforms go smoothly, we should provide a good environment for these reforms, not only a good political and economic environment, but also a cultural environment.

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