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Essay代写:Us economy and profession education

2018-09-30 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Us economy and profession education讨论了美国经济与职业教育。职业教育是教育与经济的结合,它是人力资本投资的一种重要形式,可以提高从业者的技术等级、增加人力资本的技术技能存量,提高物质资本的使用率,增加私人收益和社会收益。而美国的职业教育成功的促进了其国家经济的发展,证明了职业教育积极地经济意义。作为一项现代教育方式,职业教育和经济必定存在着直接的互动关系。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家参考阅读。

Us economy,profession education,essay代写,代写,paper代写

Schulz, the founder of human capital theory, proposed in human capital investment that economic development mainly depends on human quality, namely human capital. Career education is the combination of education and economy. It is an important form of human capital investment, which can improve the technical level of practitioners, increase the technical skills stock of human capital, improve the utilization rate of physical capital, and increase private and social benefits. However, American career education has successfully promoted the development of its national economy, which proves that career education has positive economic significance.

The American professional education system began as an apprenticeship. In the late 19th century, American capitalism gradually entered the monopoly stage from the free competition stage, commercial capitalism turned to industrial capitalism, and the company replaced ordinary workshop as the main form of industrial organization, thus the professional manager class emerged. Economic change calls for innovation on education. The enactment of the smith-hughes act in 1917 marked the final formation of the American professional education system.

At the end of the World War II, a large number of fighters and women who had been displaced by the war stormed the domestic Labour market. Coupled with the baby boom in the United States after World War II and the surge in postwar inflation, labor market pressures have spiked and youth unemployment remains high. At the same time, with domestic blacks in urban areas rising, the postwar stable environment has turned people's attention to the issue of social inequality. In order to balance the interests of vulnerable groups, the United States appealed to professional education as "compensation education" and proposed the slogan "war on poverty" to help solve the employment problem. Therefore, the 1963 vocational education law was officially promulgated and implemented.

The economic crisis caused by the U.S. oil crisis in the early 1970s, and the two subsequent spikes in oil prices, led to severe economic stagnation in the United States, with many graduates unable to find jobs. People from all walks of life criticized career education for failing to equip students with qualified skills and good work ethics, so that they could not be hired by employers. In this context, livelihood education emerges. In 1974, the United States congress passed the first livelihood education act, establishing the "livelihood education department" under the department of education. Livelihood education is not the narrowly defined occupation education, but the broad sense education concept. It is an organized comprehensive education implemented in the elementary, middle, higher and adult education stages, according to different development stages, in order to enter the occupational field and make continuous progress.

In 1976, the government enacted the lifelong learning act, to the lifelong education put forward the definition of a very broad, including adult basic education, continuing education, independent study, agricultural education, business and labor education, vocational education and job training scheme, parent education, retirement and retired personnel education, remedial education, occupation and education promotion and helping agencies groups by applying the methods of the research or innovation serves the needs of the family and personal development, etc., which is extremely broad. Lifelong education has long been the U.S. government considered to be one of the strategic means of human resources development, in 1991 the U.S. 2000: education strategy and 2000 years of the 2000 target: American education law are emphasized to America's system of education to the development of lifelong education system, cultivating the youth of the lifelong learning and adult's adaptability to new technology, emerging technologies can ensure smooth into actual productivity, and mass consumption. It can be said that the super transformation of education system in the United States laid a solid foundation for the transformation from industrial economy to knowledge economy in the 1990s and the entry into the "new economic era".

As can be seen from the development of American career education, American career education is closely related to the economic development of the United States. After all, as a modern education approach, there must be a direct interaction between professional education and economy.

Vocational education in our country's education system in the United States is equivalent to the level of the college, according to the statistical yearbook, 2009, in the following table statistics in the public education system, the number of major U.S. accept vocational education, it can be seen that enrolment in the expanded year by year, and the average annual admissions accounted for about 3.7% of the country's higher education system.

The table statistics is the special budget of American vocational education investment, but the investment subject of vocational education is diverse, many enterprises and social organizations often through donations and support with the development of education in the United States, according to the statistical yearbook 2009, by 2007, the American social vocational education appeared at $250 million.

Occupation education is an effective way to solve the supply and demand contradiction in American labor market. Since the 20th century, the industrial structure of the United States began to change from the traditional manufacturing industry to the modern service industry. On the one hand, the manpower demand of the manufacturing industry is shrinking, while the service industry is relatively prosperous. Therefore, education is needed to improve the professional skills of general workers in general manufacturing industry and strengthen the high-skill training in specific industries, so as to solve the labor market contradiction between supply and demand and the current situation of structural unemployment. According to the statistics of the labor department, the biggest demand in the us after 2008 is in the medical service industry, while 60% of the nurses in the us receive career education in the community. Many communities rely on local community colleges to meet the local demand for nursing staff.

Since the 21st century, the central government, the state council and local governments at all levels have increasingly realized the importance of developing career education. The outline of the national medium - and long-term education reform and development plan particularly emphasizes the importance of developing career education, mobilizing the enthusiasm of industrial enterprises, accelerating the development of rural career education, and enhancing the attractiveness of career education. It can be said that China's professional education reform and development entered a very important period. Therefore, our country can expand the enrollment scale of professional BBB 1 through the high extension of professional BBB 0. In order to increase the government's investment in education guidance, encourage social capital into the professional education field, and expand the financing channels of professional education; Implement the educational direction of our career education with "service as purpose and employment as orientation", change the traditional orientation of career education's "promotion orientation" and realize the transformation from "subject standard" to "professional ability standard".

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