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Essay代写:Competition and harmony

2018-08-14 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Competition and harmony,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了竞争与和谐。竞争是解决人类社会无限需求与有限资源供给之间矛盾的主要方式。而竞争力则是关于竞争的能力和力量的运用,是竞争决胜的基础。和谐从工具意义上来说是竞争的对立统一,既促进竞争又调节竞争关系;从意义上讲,完美的和谐是人类社会的最高价值目标,是人类摆脱各种束缚追求自由幸福生活的理想境界。人类社会应克服竞争的消极影响,为追求完美和谐的境界而努力。

Competition and harmony,竞争与和谐,英国代写,essay代写,论文代写

Competition is a common phenomenon in human social life and the natural law of the ecological world. Competition is the main way to solve the contradiction between the unlimited demand of human society and the limited supply of resources. Competitiveness is about the ability of competition and the use of strength, is the basis of competitive decisive. Harmony is the unity of opposites in the sense of tool, which not only promotes competition but also regulates competition relations. In the ultimate sense, perfect harmony is the highest value goal of human society and the ideal state for human to get rid of various restrictions and pursue free and happy life. Human society should overcome the negative influence of competition and strive for perfect and harmonious state.

At present, the development of human society has presented an unprecedented acceleration, civilization is constantly progressing, and modern people have a happy life which was never thought of in ancient times. However, human beings have encountered many problems in their development, such as moral variation, breeding of crime, distortion of human nature and destruction of the environment. How to solve these problems effectively? One possible approach is to look for the key to the answer from the understanding of competition, harmony and their interrelationships, and then explore the long-term development of human society.

The Darwinian school of competition has a famous saying: natural selection, survival of the fittest, survival of the fittest. The phrase can be borrowed to give a brief description of the competition. The root of competition comes from the contradiction between supply and demand. Numerous demands and limited supply constitute a natural contradiction, which refers not only to human society, but also to all species with various demands in nature. However, the infinite demand of human beings aggravates this contradiction, which deepens into the contradiction between the finite and the infinite. As long as there are relatively limited time, space, resources and so on, competition is inevitable.

Theoretically speaking, competition is not only the core word of economics, but also the focus of all disciplines with social and ecological significance, such as management, politics, sociology, anthropology and ecology. Human needs include not only the demands in the economic sense, but also the non-economic demands such as rights, honors and emotions. The limited resources, in addition to the limited material economic resources, also include the limited opportunities for elected leaders, receiving good education, finding good jobs, and obtaining honorary titles. Based on the above considerations, the competition we are talking about here is a kind of social competition in a broad sense, not just in the economic sense.

The nature of competition can be understood from the following aspects: the purpose of competition is to obtain resources to meet the needs. Competition arises precisely because of the limited resources and opportunities available. For example, sports competition is competitive because the opportunities for gold, silver and bronze MEDALS are limited. Competition has become the main means for parties to obtain limited resources. Competition is the conflict or game process of competing parties. In ancient and modern times, the competition in all aspects of Chinese and foreign society is the competition between each other. This competition is reflected in the fierce side, which is the infighting, such as war, election and competition. The softer side is an intellectual game, such as strategy, negotiation and cooperation. Cooperation can be regarded as a special form of competition. The purpose of cooperation is to compete better. Competition is absolute and cooperation is relative. Competition is an inevitable law of nature. Competition is inevitable because the contradiction between the finite and the infinite is universal and eternal. In this conflict, people generally choose to use competition to solve problems. This has been the case since ancient times, and in the entire ecological world.

According to the understanding of the nature of competition, we can extract the definition of social competition: competition is a kind of natural law of human society, which solves the contradiction between infinite demand and limited resource supply through the struggle or game between competing parties and the result of success or failure. The competition we usually say is the competition between the enterprise and the enterprise in the market economy, but also includes the form such as country and country, group and group, between person and person. And according to the nature of competitive purpose and competitive means, the competition of human society can be divided into orderly benign competition and disorderly malignant competition. The competition of ecological world has no moral significance, it is just a process of natural selection.

What is the basis for a decisive victory in a competition? That is, the ability of all parties to participate in the competition, and the strength shown in the competitive behavior, the ability of competition and the strength of the combination of competitiveness. Ability is static and intrinsic, while strength is dynamic and interactive.

Competition for human society has two sides, both positive and negative. On the negative side, competition solves conflicts through interpersonal confrontation and struggle, in which human nature tends to distort, human relations tend to be tense, and society is prone to unreasonable problems such as strong food and weak meat. The cruel and heartless side of competition has made people think constantly for thousands of years: is there only competition in human society? Will competition destroy humanity?

People in long-term social and historical practice, understand the competition, also know the harmony, the word "harmony" is more and more attention, many people put it to correspond to "competition", think harmony and competition form the contradiction of a unity of opposites, and influence each other, restrict each other, promote each other, and that to eliminate the negative effect on competition must deal with the relationship between competition and harmonious. Here, we can divide human society into two types to discuss, one is to take the competition as the leading society, the other is to take the harmony as the leading society.

In a society dominated by competition, or competitive society, competition is at the core. Everyone, every group and every country is striving for their own interests. Harmony is subordinated to competition and reflects a kind of instrumental value. In a competitive society, the value of this instrument of harmony is embodied in the following aspects:

In a wide variety of social competition, harmonious incentive function is indispensable and mainly divided into two categories. The first is to motivate individuals mentally, to make them resonate in their hearts, to get feelings of pleasure, satisfaction, intoxication, happiness, pride and so on, so as to motivate individuals to fully engage in competitive behaviors. The second is to shape positive group culture and improve the cohesion and competitiveness of the group. Each group can be regarded as a competitive system, which has various forms of competition with other groups around it. To better cope with competition, the group must cultivate its own culture of harmony.

In the competition, people's spirit is in an excited state, which will lead to hyperactivity, tension, depression and other mental states. If these non-peaceful psychological emotions cannot be properly expressed for a long time, it is easy to provoke individuals to engage in irrational competitive behaviors, thus exacerbating the disadvantage of competition. Group psychology is often similar to individual psychology. How to contain the negative impact of competition on people's hearts? We can find a solution to the problem from competition and harmony. Competition is firmness, harmony is softness, competition makes one impulsive, harmony makes one peaceful. In a harmonious atmosphere, the human spirit can be a kind of comfort, which helps to calmly and rationally deal with the competition.

Harmony, as the moderator of competition, is mainly brought into play through social laws, morals, customs and various forms of rules and regulations. However, laws, morals, systems and so on do not necessarily reflect harmony. Only laws, morals and systems that operate well can give full play to the role of the moderator of harmony. The role of a harmonious regulator is mainly embodied in the following aspects: first, it clarifies the competitive relationship of all parties and the status, rights and responsibilities of competitors in the competition. The second is to regulate the competitive behavior of all parties and punish the party who does not obey the competition rules by legal and moral means. Third, the conflict between the two sides in the competition harmonizes the tension between the two sides, which is conducive to the maintenance of the competition order. In addition, for the whole society, it is necessary to cultivate a culture of social harmony to cope with the competitive atmosphere of the whole society. After all, individual rationality is limited, and it is impossible for individuals to completely restrain themselves in competition, while competition is also social and universal. Only by building a harmonious culture from the whole social level can we better restrain social competitive behavior and promote the healthy development of competition.

For human society, competition should be just a means rather than an end. If competition is always dominant and competition for competition's sake, human society will lose its way, and it will deeply brand the characteristics of competition in human values, behaviors and social institutional arrangements. In terms of the development of human society, "harmony" is better than "struggle", and "struggle" should be for "harmony".

The social harmony of ultimate significance includes the social harmony of instrumental meaning in competitive society, and embodies the highest value goal of human society and the state of ending in the best. In this realm, the contradiction between the infinite demand of human society and the limited supply of resources is resolved by "harmony", and harmony becomes the highest value and the unity of purpose and means. Specifically, social harmony in the ultimate sense should have the following basic characteristics:

It is human nature to have unlimited needs. In order to satisfy their own needs, people may try their best, even use all kinds of tyrannical means to achieve the goal, and even do something against the natural ethics. Such as the feudal rulers of the past dynasties of extravagance, militarism, the murder and arson of robbers, nefarious and corrupt officials of the masquerade, avarice. Without active self-discipline, demands can easily expand uncontrollably. In a competitive society, competition is taken for granted and admired, so that the society stimulates people's needs intentionally or unintentionally, and the resources to meet the needs are limited, so that human competition is fierce and even omnipotent. The ultimate sense of social harmony enables people to maintain good self-restraint in the face of unlimited demands, face competition rationally, keep to the limits in the competition between people, and realize harmony is the most precious. As a result, human society has less intrigues, less violence, less killing, less benefiting others at the expense of others, and the human heart will become more beautiful and pure.

The wealth created and possessed by human beings in any historical period is limited, which is not a problem, but how to distribute it. Because of the differences in individual conditions and opportunities, everyone does not have equal wealth, but this does not cause drastic social contradictions. For example, healthy people have more wealth than disabled people, middle-aged people have more wealth than young people, senior workers have more wealth than junior workers, and people who win lottery get rich overnight. However, if wealth is acquired through improper means, which leads to a wide distribution of wealth, social conflicts will easily be intensified. For example, corruption through power, extortion, collusion between the government and business to conduct interest rent-seeking, by force theft and robbery and so on. Fairness is a form of harmony, and social harmony requires the fairness of wealth distribution. Such fairness should be based on individual ability, knowledge attainment, physical and mental quality and luck, which are closely related to individuals themselves. When the distribution of wealth is fair, people will have a positive view of owning wealth, and they will be more motivated to create wealth.

Opportunity is the possibility of meeting a need. Everyone will face many opportunities in life, such as the chance to receive a good education, the opportunity to work in a government agency, the opportunity to study abroad, the opportunity for promotion, etc., but the society cannot meet everyone's needs in all aspects, that is, the opportunity supply is limited. In this way, each person is much less likely to meet his or her needs. Some people get all kinds of good opportunities. Will this cause imbalance between people and even cause social conflicts and turbulence? The key will be equal access. Equality means harmony, while inequality means disharmony. This kind of equality is mainly personal equality, that is, under the basic conditions, people's access to opportunities should not be affected by gender, age, origin, size of power and amount of property. If a citizen of legal age has the equal status of one person and one vote in the exercise of the right to vote and be elected; Candidates with the same score in college entrance examination enjoy equal opportunities when they are admitted. College students take the civil service exam regardless of their family background and social relations are equal. Only when opportunities are equal can people's hearts be balanced and society be stable. On the contrary, if the feudal society inherited the throne by birth, this system has caused many social contradictions, it must not last.

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