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英国essay代写:Contemporary management theory

2018-08-07 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Contemporary management theory讨论了当代的管理理论。随着科学的发展,促进科学社会化进程及生产力水平的提高,原有管理制度和管理方法无法从根本上解决经济管理问题,这就促进了新理论的产生。科学管理的基础和精髓就是劳资双方的密切合作。没有劳资双方的密切合作就谈不上科学管理,要使劳资双方进行密切合作,关键不在于制定什么制度和方法,而是要实行劳资双方在思想和观念上的根本转变。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

management theory,当代管理理论,essay代写,代写,paper代写

After 1970s, the central problem of management was to raise labor productivity, achieve high wages and low labor costs. With the rapid development of science and the promotion of socialization of science and the improvement of productivity, the original management system and management methods cannot fundamentally solve economic management problems, which promotes the emergence of new theories. The basis and essence of scientific management is the close cooperation between labor and capital. Without the close cooperation of both sides of Labour and capital is far from scientific management, carried on the close cooperation to make the both sides of Labour and capital, the key is not what setting system and methods, but to a fundamental change on both sides of Labour and capital in the thoughts and ideas, this is the essence of the scientific management, both sides of Labour and capital in thought and fundamental change of the concept, focus on the increase in labor productivity. Labor productivity has increased, workers can get more wages, capitalists can get more profits, and thus achieve maximum wealth. Since the 1970s, starting from the United States, two remarkable changes have taken place in enterprise management: the shift of management focus from grass-roots level to senior level, from business management to strategic management, and the emergence of "strategic fever". The concept of system and strain is emphasized in management thought, which is called "system heat" and "variable heat".

In "strategic" is the cause of many enterprises gradually realized that the internal efficiency is important, but more important is to keep up with changes in the environment, make a strategic decision in time, only under the premise of the strategic decision is correct, the efficiency to be meaningful, or strategic decision is wrong, high efficiency but more miserable failure, therefore management attaches great importance to the strategic management, attaches great importance to the strategic decisions. The second major change in management thought is reflected in management guiding ideology, namely "system theory" and "contingency theory". System theory emphasizes the need to have a global perspective on management work. It is not enough to grasp a certain management factor or adopt only one management method, and cannot meet the challenges of the environment.

After 80 s, with the development of science and technology and productivity, in the process of evolution of management theory, the formation of various sorts of theories, including classic, such as: William ouchi Z theory, porter's competitive strategy theory, Peter senge's learning organization theory and mike hammer theory of reengineering the corporation. The following are briefly described.

Theory Z: American scholars put forward theory Z William ouchi, its main content is: all the company's success is inseparable from the trust, sensitive, intimate, advocate honest, open and communication as the basic principle of "democratic management", and a comparative study of American culture, points out that every culture endow them with the behavior of the residents in different environments, forming different behavior patterns, we should use for reference the experience of Japanese companies to further think American company Z organization transformation.

Michael porter's competitive strategy theory is that five forces model of industry competition decided to size for the power of suppliers, substitutes, buyers strength, potential competition entrants threat, competitors. On the basis of analyzing the five strategic forces that influence it, porter proposes that there are only two ways to achieve outstanding performance: either you become the lowest cost producer in the industry, or your products and services are different in some ways, forming consumer preferences. This theory embodies three successful strategic thoughts of porter's outstanding thought.

The main content of learning organization theory is: in the new economic background, enterprises must strengthen their overall ability and improve their overall quality if they want to develop continuously. Through cultivating the learning atmosphere that permeates the whole organization and giving full play to the creative thinking ability of employees, an organic, highly flexible, flat, consistent with human nature and sustainable development organization can be established to cultivate the learning atmosphere and corporate culture and guide people to make continuous progress. On the one hand, learning organizations guarantee the survival of enterprises, make them improve continuously and improve their competitiveness; on the other hand, realize the real integration between individuals and work, and make people live out the meaning of life in work. The learning organization has a bright future, but it must carry out five disciplines to build it, namely self-transcendence, improvement of mental model, establishment of common vision, team learning and systematic thinking.

By mike ciampi hammer and James, a new kind of way is about enterprise management theory and methods. Enterprise reengineering refers to the radical rethinking and thorough transformation of business processes in order to achieve significant improvement in key performance indicators, including product quality and service quality, customer satisfaction, cost and employee efficiency.

Scientific management is actually a kind of standardized and standardized management, which USES training to teach workers the skills to complete tasks, USES scientific research to formulate standards and rules and regulations, and USES incentive mechanisms such as rewards and punishments to ensure the completion of tasks. Standardization and institutionalization are the basic requirements for large-scale production of enterprises and the basis for the implementation of any advanced management ideas. It can be said that without standardization and standardization of management, there will be no modernization of management.

Human-oriented management refers to all the management activities by artificial basic starting point, arouse the enthusiasm of people, to do work, opposed to see no one, no one see money, do not take the heavy technology, without power, emphasized the need for people is varied, try to play a spirit of self-realization, give full play to people's subjective initiative.

The future management trend must be based on scientific management, and the combination of scientific management theory and human-oriented management should be used for reference. We should neither "see people for nothing" nor "see things for nothing", so as to strengthen enterprise management and improve production efficiency.

With the development of knowledge economy and information economy, people pay more and more attention to the development and exploration of their own creative ability to realize themselves. Human factors: values, creativity, personal, and can play an more and more important role in the production and business operation activities, formed to "continue to inspire people's ability to" as the main content of "" the ability-based management, increase investment in human capital, developing human resources, attaches importance to human value, arouse people's enthusiasm, initiative and creativity, construct excellent enterprise culture, implement" the ability to develop "based" can this management "which attaches great importance to the study of system theory, management theory emphasis on design and research of modern organization structure, the research on human nature and human behavior in organizations in the increasingly important position.

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