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英国essay代写:Obstacles to creative thinking

2018-08-03 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Obstacles to creative thinking讨论了创新思维的阻碍因素。创新思维,指的是对事物的观察、分析,冲击原有的知识范畴,创造出新的成果,解决前人未曾解决的问题的过程。在创新思维的发展过程中,存在着诸多影响因素。其中影响最大的就是思维定势,思维定势会给人一种安全感,但恰恰因为人们的这种习惯性思维使人忽略了空间和时间的变化,阻碍了人们对新事物的认识而形成形而上的框架。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

creative thinking,创新思维,essay代写,代写,paper代写

To recognize and eliminate the hindrance factors of innovative thinking can enable people to cultivate innovative thinking talents more effectively and play a better role in developing innovative thinking. Therefore, it is the key to cultivate creative thinking talents to fully understand the hindrance factors of innovative thinking and solve them effectively.

Creative thinking refers to the process of observing, analyzing, synthesizing, reasoning and imagining things, which impinge on the original knowledge category, release new inspirations, create new results and solve problems that have not been solved before.

Research shows that in the development of innovative thinking, there are many factors that prevent us from giving full play to our innovative thinking, which can be broadly divided into two categories: intelligence factor and non-intelligence factor.

Intelligence, to some extent, is innate, and although it can be developed in life, there is a gap to some extent. The influence of intelligence factors on innovative thinking is mainly manifested in cognitive ability and cognitive errors, including weak observation and memory, insufficient imagination, and excessive belief in visual perception. All these factors will lead us to believe too much assumptions or illusions, and even make them the principles of our behavior.

Here, non-intellectual factors hindering innovative thinking are mainly described, including:

Thinking pattern is a habitual way of thinking formed on the basis of previous experience and knowledge. The fixed thinking will give people a sense of security and make people feel confident when dealing with things. However, it is precisely because people's habitual thinking makes people ignore the changes of space and time and hinders people's understanding of new things, thus forming a metaphysical framework. There are two main reasons why people form the mindset: first, the inertia of practice. In practice, people tend to be selected from the experience of mind has stored the same or similar experience to the reference, and at the time of questions tend to focus on the surface phenomenon, confined to research on the phenomenon of surface, do not want to even ignoring the deep reason to be investigated, over time, can form the mind-set. Second, subjective factor, people in life are often reluctant to change the existing way of thinking or experience, because change means uncertainty, and this brings uncertainty is uneasy, so people prefer to select the way of thinking or experience before, even if the way of thinking or experience can make oneself also it doesn't matter the long way.

Innovation consciousness is the premise of innovative thinking, but since dong, the ruling class has been to promote the ideas of the "day the same, also the same", and this thought also has played a leading role, then, conformism became the model of people, the corresponding research system is little more than the classics, thus lead to the people will only rote learning, the fixed education content and learning methods seriously hindered the development of the creative thinking of people, and for a long time, the pattern of negative effects cannot be ignored. Even our current education system is to some extent influenced by traditional social concepts, which hinders the development of students' innovative thinking.

At the same time, Confucianism as the doctrine of the mean thought also impedes the development of creative thinking, people its propaganda "modesty does not dispute, unimportance" thought is made an indelible contribution for the development of the nation, but negative self-esteem Confucian philosophy and self-expression, lack in our country has the atmosphere of innovative thinking, and this kind of self-affirmation and self-expression is the necessary condition to produce creative thinking, therefore, Confucian philosophy of the doctrine of the mean seriously hampering the development of creative thinking.

People of the Chinese nation often pay attention to the development of groups, which is a kind of virtue, and is worthy of promotion in a certain period of time. As a result, people gradually lose their subjectivity and independence, and their personality is hindered. However, independence, subjectivity and personality are exactly the basic conditions for the development of innovative thinking.

Reasonable knowledge structure not only have profound professional knowledge, has a wide range of knowledge, but also has the most reasonable career development need, the optimization of knowledge structure, reasonable knowledge structure is the basic requirement of knowledge, and knowledge structure is the foundation of the innovation, a person want to innovative thinking, there must be rich in knowledge. Qian xuesen once said that innovative thinking is often generated in the cross-penetration of knowledge and thinking modes in different disciplines. This fully shows that the diversity of knowledge and the rationality of knowledge structure play an important role in innovative thinking.

Olson, once many times to learn engineering students some creative design problem, the main purpose is to students to creatively deal with engineering design, he found that the students can often put forward by these problems have already wanted to good design, and without regard to other solutions, impatient for success tend to reduce people's thinking of the problem solving time, thus reduce the likelihood of innovation thinking and risk.

These are the main factors that influence the development of innovative thinking. Only by overcoming these disadvantages can we gain the ideal wings for innovative thinking.

In order to eliminate the obstacles to innovative thinking, we must adhere to marxist epistemology, avoid the tendency of thinking, break the psychology of conformity, dare to challenge authority, be good at using illogical thinking, and develop a critical and skeptical attitude, correct understanding and heterogeneous thinking.

As a kind of thinking habit, thinking set is stable and persistent, which is applicable to a certain time and space. If we continue to think the same way when the outside world has changed, we will go astray. People's thinking mainly depends on people's cognition, and knowledge comes from practice. Therefore, we should take the marxism epistemology as the guide to overcome the thinking tendency.

Marxism holds that knowledge is the reflection of subject on object, which is based on practice. Only through this reflection can people form their thinking on something in their mind. Therefore, as the subject of cognition, people should not only enrich their knowledge and experience, but also observe and understand things from different angles according to the change of conditions, so as to have a comprehensive grasp of all kinds of information of things and make preparations for rational cognition. The stereotype of thinking is inevitable but it can be overcome, as long as we stick to marxist epistemology.

Deng xiaoping once said that practice is the sole criterion for testing truth, that is to say, the truth is not absolute remains the same we have heard the phrase: to believe books than no, truth and knowledge of the book are scholars and scientists are summed up, but this does not mean that is absolutely correct, Galileo had overturned the heliocentric theory of Copernicus, successful geocentric theory was proposed, therefore, to produce innovative thinking or creative achievements is to dare to challenge the authority, to break a herd mentality.

Non-logical thinking refers to a way of thinking that is not constrained by fixed logic rules and makes comprehensive judgment directly based on the information provided by things. It is the essence and core of innovative thinking. It is characterized by non - systematization, non - rationality, non - authenticity and non - continuity. Illogical thinking is based on logical thinking, which is the reverse extension of logical thinking and needs to be tested and verified by logical thinking. It mainly includes image thinking and intuitive thinking. Image thinking mainly refers to a way of thinking that reveals the essence and laws of things through thinking forms such as image, association and imagination on the basis of perceptual knowledge of objective things. Intuitive thinking refers to a way of thinking that directly comprehends the essence of things without being constrained by certain logical thinking. Einstein once said that scientific knowledge can only be obtained through an understanding based on the resonance of experience. He made it clear that he believed in intuition. This shows the importance of intuitive thinking, especially in creative activities. Therefore, if we want to cultivate innovative thinking, we must be good at using the illogical thinking ability that human beings possess.

Develop a critical and skeptical attitude, like Goethe when evaluating Shakespeare excitedly wrote: must pay attention to every important talented dramatist Shakespeare, he can study, study, he will learn that Shakespeare has all the various tendencies of humanity, both height and in depth, which can depict nearly silent, later, the man will have nothing to do, as long as be known to have a deep, out of reach of excellent writers, there are who have courage to start? It is easy to fall in front of great people when many people in academic vision and thinking process can not walk out of the strange circle. The thinking concept of "I note the six classics" has been deeply rooted in people's minds and profoundly influenced people's thoughts. As the ancient Greek saying goes, great and harmful are twins. Therefore, innovation also needs to maintain the spirit of reflection and criticism. Kant, Marx, Hegel and other outstanding thinkers in history all regard criticism and reflection as sharp weapons of thought and open up new research fields on the basis of inheritance.

Correct recognition and treatment of thinking heterogeneity. Treat thinking heterogeneous means that people should not only correctly in should agree on the question of convergence of novelty seeking, but also on the divergence problem seek different, opposition and conflict, this is the only real scientific attitude to scientific research, is seeking to reach a consensus, novelty is to seek breakthrough, should seek common on the basis of the fact. However, it is difficult to seek differences, and many thinkers throughout history have been identified only years after their deaths. However, we should not avoid the emergence of different ways of thinking or deliberately hide different ways of thinking. Instead, we should face up to people's different thoughts, analyze their advantages and disadvantages, and take advantage of them to avoid their harm.

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