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英国essay代写:Professional education generalization

2018-05-10 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

本篇essay代写- Professional education generalization讨论了职业教育的泛化。职业教育的泛化是指职业教育远离具体的职业岗位所需职业能力的培养,而走向专业基础教育。其实职业教育泛化是学校职业教育的一种无奈选择,是社会经济对教育制约的一种表现形式。但职业教育的泛化并非都是有害的,它可以使更多的适龄人口得到专业教育。本篇essay代写51due代写平台整理,供大家从参考阅读。

Professional education,职业教育,essay代写,代写,paper代写

As the fashionable vocabulary of education has been introduced into education, the use of the word "quality" seems to be a backward concept in the discussion of various education studies. Vocational education is not exceptional also, in recent years the study of the vocational education, the quality of the use of the word frequency are also constantly rising, I introduced and promoted "competency-based" education idea and the CBE teaching model has received the unprecedented challenge. In order to achieve the purpose of the quality education, basic education, higher education and vocational education, is offered to the student education content listing of large, seriation, a kind of our own cannot explain clearly description, idealistic education goal in education up quickly. Vocational education seems to be more pronounced on this issue, both secondary and higher vocational education put forward by the target of knowledge and ability request, may be a person to pursue goals and life realm. Yet whether higher vocational secondary vocational education, the students' learning time, after all, only a short three years, it has both the constraints of time, and regular school education cost constraints, in the three years we will develop a theoretical knowledge of seems to catch up with the college or corporation, on the practical ability to advanced or intermediate workers need ability is in reality a fable, general education has reached the top of the vocational education. The idealistic pursuit of vocational education into the generalization, actually is called generalization, because any professional education are essentially vocational education, the teaching goal to pursue like these can make students get more powerful, can more adapt to the development of social economy have put forward higher requirements. The reality is that students find employment difficult and enterprises are more dissatisfied. Is it a helpless choice to pursue education content away from specific job knowledge and ability, or is it a necessity for professional education development? This involves not only the training goal of professional education, but also the way to achieve this goal.

The reason we put forward the types of vocational education, or the concept of vocational education, because the vocational education should be closely related to career, vocational education should cultivate students should have corresponding professional ability is the goal of the course, and professional is to have a certain range of the professional ability, it should be directly corresponds to social production or some sort of job. Because there is no job without a job, cultivating professional competence is the essence of professional education. Professional competence exists not only in the professional education we currently think of, but also in any professional education, including what we call common higher education. In terms of the nature of education, the author has made a discussion in relevant articles and put forward the logo of professional education: to complete the initial professionalism, it will not be repeated here too much.

Now that is a professional education, in the process of cultivating students' vocational ability, must participate in specific professional activity or at least in simulated situations so that the students of existing knowledge, skills and attitudes to consolidate and internalized as a professional ability of the specific jobs. But generalization of vocational education, vocational education should be the pursuit of the process of education has been more critical, with the all-round development of people, with people's future learning ability as the main value orientation of the vocational education ideas seem to have accounted for the mainstream, the extensive professional idea of general education has been recognized by many people. Education was first proposed by Newman, and it is a common knowledge of education, which is a citizen's and extensive knowledge. It is known as education. It is a common education; it is the intellectual capacity and general knowledge that all citizens should possess. In terms of its humanness and humanity as the purpose of education, it is humanity education. Whether in the broad knowledge education, can make people get a basic technical competence, guo-qing xu in its "discuss about the open order of vocational education professional courses, the article has denied. The other way round, even if we put the vocational education training target positioning in for a post group, rather than a specific job, vocational education should be the pursuit of what is, in the process of what kind of education to a rich knowledge of the individual professional ability, because under the background of vocational education continuously generalization, vocational education to better educated, and non-professional ability cultivation. We say transfer ability, further learning ability, ability to adapt, whether the cultivation of the ability in the process of narrow professional education, namely the professional ability of one's job as specific training objectives, or education mode, the students can be difficult to have the development ability? In fact, even from a narrow sense of professional education as the starting point, or the organization of the course, its transfer ability is not necessarily bad. Such as mechanical maintenance man, if a particular individual master repair machine, when he was transferred to the automotive, textile, food and other industries to do the maintenance man is very easy, because the mechanical maintenance of troubleshooting and repair process involved in the way of thinking and operation process is very similar. Operation such as a master of lathe Turner again, if he be converted to a milling machine operator, or a grinding machine operators and other machine operator is not easy, even in the process of familiar with the specific equipment, basic can play. If when individuals cannot transform, may be involved in other basic ability is too weak, such as computing power, new knowledge, new technology application ability of learning, etc., if so, that just means we can design the culture of the vocational education base is too low, it can't reach the basic requirement of this kind of job, then should enhance the foundation of this kind of vocational education level. Due to different industry production technology level, level should also be different, the basis of vocational education in vocational education during the period of continuously strengthening foundation knowledge education and vocational education resources of a waste. At the same time, we should also see that even if the professional education infrastructure is set up very high, it is impossible for us to complete the training of the knowledge and ability of the individual in a short period of three years. It requires that individuals continue to learn throughout their lives. We can't shout everyone should become a life-long learner on the one hand, on the other hand is always trying to efforts in as little as three years to a person life need professional knowledge and ability are cultivated, it is not possible, is also not necessary, because it need higher cost. The key issue is how can we in the process of develop the student's ability of professional post, the learning process into a learning method of students learning, a process of thought, in the future of the transfers such as forming a kind of widely used, in the process of transferable learning ability, this is one of the aims of vocational education should pursue.

Professional education is a education that aims at cultivating students' professional competence in a certain position. Why does the generalization of education seem to have become a mainstream voice with the support of education concepts? In fact, this is what we call professional education a helpless choice. First, we can analyze the status quo of vocational schools. At present, vocational schools in our country are mainly composed of vocational colleges, general vocational schools, technical schools and vocational high schools. The higher vocational college is mostly the reconstruction of the past ordinary secondary school, which has an inseparable historical origin with the teaching mode of the ordinary secondary school. And common technician is the training target of technical secondary school in the past, its teaching content and training mode and ordinary higher education and have similarities, and most of the school teaching facilities, especially those involving industrial enterprise production facilities, the better.but really to develop vocational education. Vocational high school from the late 1980 s to 90 s formed by way of the great leap forward, the teaching facilities is self-evident, behind even most schools don't have the basic conditions for vocational education. The most professional education feature is the technical school, but the technical school has caused serious shortage of funds due to various reasons, such as enterprise transformation, and the equipment has been updated slowly. At the same time, nearly 10 years, the employment absorption capacity of the second industry has not been strong, the employment elasticity in terms of national or negative in some years, students' employment objective reality makes the vestibule school, especially in the central and western regions of vestibule school had to abandon the traditional field, to the third industry development. In this case, the professional education characteristics of the technical school were not strengthened but weakened. Secondly, from the vocational school teachers to post ability as the basic goal of training is to meet the requirements, the "double type" teachers of teachers' status of a firm is reflected in the call. The third is the influence of the operation mechanism of vocational school. Tuition fees, students share the cost of education, the expansion of student scale will undoubtedly become the goal of the vocational school, because only with the scale, can we get more income. The problem, however, is that fees for students are regulated by the government, and the fees charged by the expansion of student size make it difficult to make up for the shortfall in real vocational education. In this context, the ideological trend of cultivating the target based on the basic ability has undoubtedly found a reasonable way out for the vocational schools, and the recognition of many people has become inevitable.

The generalization of vocational school has brought bad influence on education, such as not having basic ability to take up the post. But we should also see the positive side. China is a large population, and the large BBB 0 population is a basic national condition. In the school-age population and education funds cannot be infinite growth, want to make more school-age population receive vocational education, or even a kind of basic professional education, or a career guidance education, also is the important channel of human resource development in China. We face a dilemma, but also must make a choice: to develop the real career education, education cost is high, under the existing economic support ability, only a few people get professional education. Or we will vigorously carry out education, which will enable more eligible people to receive the basic professional education in a certain economic support capacity. This choice is not based on our plan, our vision is transferred. This is a form of social economy to education constraints. The law of the market does not affect the decisions of enterprises, individuals and schools.

At present, although the problem of education generalization is widespread, it shows different trends in different regions. This is also a choice made by the school to run its own school in the face of social and economic conditions, and it is this diversified choice that meets the needs of the society and the individual for professional education. In the eastern economic developed area, due to the strong economic support capacity and relatively sufficient employment, the problem of the generalization of professional education is not so serious. However, in the central and western regions, due to the weak economic support capacity and the severe shortage of jobs, the generalization of professional education is relatively market. We can't judge whether these two education ideas are right or wrong, which is bad for social and economic development. Even representative schultz human capital theory and empirical test, nai is only limited to the education in training the role of individual farmers can't adjust balance, also does not relate to education the question of how to improve the labor productivity of assembly line workers. There has been no rigorous proof that education can raise the productivity of industrial workers. There is only evidence that more education is associated with higher income. This suggests that increasing the population's exposure to education is beneficial to social and economic development. Therefore, we need not worry more about this generalization of education.

Although we do not need to worry about vocational education generalization, but in front of us real question is: how do you think of school education and enterprise specific post professional ability of coordination, or link up. Because, only when mating employment, what they have learned in school to apply knowledge and skills to work in, can significantly improve productivity, in the case of counterpart employment not free, graduated from the school students for jobs at the counterpart how can quickly grow into qualified personnel, is can't solve this problem by only education system, one of the best way is widely carried out enterprise or on-the-job training or preparations for the job. For companies they pay more attention to the pursuit of profits, however, only when they feel training investment is profitable, or invest in training when they don't need too much investment cost when they are willing to invest in staff training. Because, the enterprise investment training also faces the risk, provides the training to the staff too much, when the training personnel does not have the good job to leave the enterprise after the training, the enterprise will lose the investment. The problem of labor relationship disputes arising from the job-hopping of trainees is not uncommon in various media. Even legally sound western countries have the same problem. Look from the current, the stronger enterprises, because of its stronger attractive to employees, to employees of preservice and inservice training has aroused extensive attention, but for the vast number of small and medium-sized enterprises, due to the economic strength and to attract talent, for staff training is insignificant. Cannot effectively solve the problem, however, will increase fast liquidity of employment, personnel flow too fast, prolong the time employment become skilled jobs, reduce the efficiency of human resource development, is disadvantageous to the entire social and economic development.

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