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Essay代写:Construction of green oil and gas field

2017-12-05 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Construction of green oil and gas field,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了绿色油气田的建设。如今环境污染问题的严峻,让很多行业也肩负起了保护环境的责任。石油公司也推出了绿色油田气的理念,把建设生态绿色油田作为目标,落实源头治理、过程监控、统筹规划、综合利用。要把环境保护作为基本原则,油气田的建设就要转变观念,创新机制。

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In the process of oil exploitation and exploration, it is often accompanied by environmental pollution. So there is oil exploitation and exploration and environmental protection is a contradictory body. So the construction of green oil field is very necessary. Therefore, the exploitation of hydrocarbon energy should be explored actively, adhere to the path of sustainable development, the development of oil and the protection of the environment at the same time, environmental protection evaluation, drilling, testing oil, oil production to carry out the whole process of monitoring measures, and environmental protection, production sites and Wells station Greening, so that the construction of oil and gas fields to save, Environmental protection, sustainable development direction, the construction of green oil fields.

With the environmental pollution becoming more and more serious, environmental pollution is more and more important to the oil exploitation industry, environmental pollution reduction is the bounden duty and duty of oil exploitation industry, so the construction of oil and gas field should take the environment as the leading thought, aim to construct the ecological green oil field, implement the source control, process monitoring Utilization As the basic principle of environmental protection, the construction of oil and gas fields should change concept and innovate mechanism. The system of environmental protection should be standardized, process and standardized. Achieve cleaner production. Environmental protection as the basic requirements of their own survival and sustainable development, but also corporate responsibility and obligations to the Community, of course, oil and gas field enterprises can not be exceptional, so in the process of construction gas field should pay attention to environmental protection, to achieve oil and gas field construction and environmental construction of organic unity.

Environmental protection as the basic requirements of their own survival and sustainable development, but also corporate responsibility and obligations to the Community, of course, oil and gas field enterprises can not be exceptional, so in the process of construction gas field should pay attention to environmental protection, to achieve oil and gas field construction and environmental construction of organic unity. Cultural construction is the ideological foundation of Environmental protection construction, which is beneficial to the transformation from system management to self-management, and from leadership to full responsibility. Oil and gas field enterprises should strengthen environmental protection propaganda and encourage the public to participate in environmental protection and encourage people to advise on environmental protection construction. The volunteers ' propaganda and education activities were supported, and the environmental protection was vigorously publicized during the festivals such as Earth Day and world environment. Publicize and study environmental laws and regulations to enhance the awareness of employees ' environmental protection. To establish the concept of environmental protection, "nature is our homeland to survive, protect the environment is to protect ourselves, like the eyes of their own love for the environment, like cherish their own life as caring for nature." To resource-saving and environment-friendly enterprise development. Realize the construction and natural harmony together and the enterprise's sustainable development. Encourage the various units of environmental protection culture innovation, to form a good environmental protection atmosphere. To maximize the protection of local ecological environment in the development process as the theme of the development of oil and gas enterprises. To achieve source control, process Control, end perfect, overall planning, comprehensive utilization, comprehensive standards. To realize the green, clean and harmonious development of the oil region as the ultimate goal.

In addition, environmental protection and prevention of facilities and measures to synchronize, and in the construction phase of the good supervision, must be according to the corresponding drawings of construction, in the completion phase of the acceptance, including the environmental protection measures and work site acceptance. If there is a problem, we must urge the relevant units to carry out rectification, only in this way to make the development process of environmental hazards from the source control.

Next is the drilling process, which can be Zhong two layers of impermeable cloth in the mud pool of the well field, in surface drilling, the use of clear water slurry, casing using epoxy cold wrapped with zinc anode anti-corrosion technology and cathodic protection and other anti-corrosion treatment, the remaining slurry to be recycled, those abandoned slurry to be harmless treatment. In the process of oil testing, in the oil well fracturing construction, the resulting sewage discharged to the sewage pool, and all the sewage treatment and recovery, after the completion of the test oil on-site clean-up. To establish a standardized production site, you can set up an iron fence around the well area, and for the old well area, change the wall into brick or ridge. In the Well field, an evaporation tank is set up and a sewage treatment tank is established to facilitate the storage and treatment of sewage. In the wellhead set up cement oil tank, and with sewage oil recovery pool, to achieve the greening of the Well field, "two pools and one ditch" greening synchronization.

Environmental impact and evaluation system should be implemented in accordance with the law, to prevent environmental pollution has an important impact on the development and construction process. In the actual project, the analysis of environmental pollution is indispensable, and the environment impact and evaluation system must be carried out before development, and the factors which may cause environmental pollution in the process of development and construction are analyzed and forecasted. According to these factors, we make corresponding scientific and effective improvement measures and countermeasures. To "a high starting point, high-standard, strict requirements, fine" as the principle, environmental protection measures and environmental impact assessment must be put into practice, in the construction phase must be a good audit of the drawings, construction stage supervision and completion of the acceptance is also essential, The environmental protection facilities as well as the work site should also be accepted. Rectify the problems found and solve them from the source.

Because in the process of gathering and transporting oil and gas, pollution environment will also occur, so the process of gathering and transporting oil and gas must be paid attention to. Real-time dynamic monitoring is mainly to reduce the pollution in the process of oil and gas gathering and transportation, such as pipeline due to theft, natural corrosion and damage caused by crude oil leakage. Using the principle of "negative pressure wave" and "Output Balance method", the paper adopts the technology of pipeline leakage alarming location, and the real-time monitoring and management of pipeline operation condition should be implemented. Once the leak point is found to be timely Cai measures to deal with, so not only can reduce the oil leakage can also protect the local natural environment, protect the soil. At the same time, the implementation of dynamic monitoring is also a strong guarantee for the safe operation of oil pipelines. The monitoring and control of oil and gas pipelines mainly includes two means of air defense and technical protection, and the Civil air defense is mainly personnel patrol, pipeline leak alarm system and digital control of external pump. The operation of regional gathering and transporting pipelines should be the most important, if the anomaly should be immediately stopped and reported. By means of manual inspection ruler and radar level meter monitoring, the liquid level detection of storage tank is strengthened to ensure smooth operation of tank in safe size and prevent overflow tank and tank incident. The construction of real-time monitoring interface, not only can realize the pressure, flow and other instantaneous values of uninterrupted monitoring can also perform remote emergency stop pump function.

To build a green oil field, we should stick to the path of sustainable development. The development of petroleum should be carried out at the same time as environmental protection, environmental protection evaluation, drilling, oil test, oil recovery to carry out the whole process of monitoring measures, and comprehensive protection of the environment, production sites and Wells station Greening, so that the construction of oil and gas fields to save, environmental protection, The direction of sustainable development. Environmental impact and evaluation system should be implemented in accordance with the law, to prevent environmental pollution has an important impact on the development and construction process. In the actual project, the analysis of environmental pollution is necessary, because in the process of oil and gas gathering and transportation, there will be pollution environment, so the gathering and transporting process of oil and gas must be paid attention to, the implementation of oil and gas pipelines are mainly Civil air defense and technical control methods.

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