欢迎来到51Due,请先 | 注册
关注我们: 51due论文代写二维码 51due论文代写平台微博
英国论文代写,英国essay代写知名品牌微信

Essay代写范文

为您解决留学中生活、学习、工作的困难、疑惑
释放自我

Essay代写:Marx's idea of ecological happiness

2017-12-04 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Marx's idea of ecological happiness,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了马克思生态幸福思想。幸福的本质在于消除的本质的异化,实现人对其本质的全面占有。马克思认为,幸福的本质是人对其本质的全面占有,人在实现其本质力量的过程中丰富人性、完善自我、享受属人的生活,进而实现自身全面而自由的发展,这就是人的“现实幸福”。

ecological happiness,生态幸福思想,英国代写,essay代写,代写

Ecological happiness is the newest dimension of human's pursuit of happiness. In view of the current academic circles, the scholars have analyzed the essence meaning of ecological happiness from the perspective of Western philosophy, put the ecological happiness in the system of human spiritual philosophy, or turned the research of ecological happiness into a research way of turning from ecological philosophy to cultural philosophical reflection, Either according to the traditional metaphysical understanding of happiness to the modern people framed its ecological well-being. And from the perspective of Marx's theory of happiness and ecological view to understand the ecological well-being of the exposition has not yet seen, this article will present a very different from the current ecological well-being, that is, Marx's ecological well-being of the Chinese people to explore the ecological well-being of the alternative.

Before Marx, subjectivism and psychological happiness were flourished. For the first time, Marx put happiness and human nature, people's living condition, the development situation is linked together, puts the happiness in the concrete realistic social history to examine, proposed "abolishes as the people's Unreal Happy religion, is asks the people's realistic happiness", the understanding of the happiness from the spiritual culture domain, brings to the human real life. Marx's Treatise on Happiness has the following three aspects.

The essence of happiness lies in the alienation of the essence of elimination, and realizes the full possession of human nature. Marx believes that the essence of happiness is the full possession of human nature, the human beings in the process of realizing their essential power enrich human nature, perfect themselves, enjoy the human life, and then realize their all-round and free development, this is the "real happiness" of man. However, the alienation of religion has given the man his essence to God, which has deprived him of the right to seek its essence from the human being, and to numb himself by the false religious happiness at the foot of God. Marx pointed out that the essence of man lies in man himself, and he criticizes thoroughly the divine logic that tries to pursue happiness through the way of "the other side of the world", and establishes the labor logic of pursuing man's "reality happiness" in this bank world. Marx regarded Labor (free and conscious labor) as the "essence" of human distinction from animals, labor makes people's living state more free, broader and richer than animals, makes people become a free, conscious "class of existence", so that people can realize a kind of human existence according to their nature, lead a kind of human life. However, the alienation of labor degrades the embodiment of human nature as a means of maintaining human physical existence. The essential power of man becomes the power of human beings, and the alienation of labor makes people become simple and poor, enslaved and oppressed objects, which hinder the development of man's all-round and free, Thus the pleasure of labor from the embodiment of man's essential power has become a torment to the loss of human nature. Starting from the human Nature ——— Labor, Marx reveals the essence of human "realistic happiness", and describes the realistic situation of human suffering through its unique theory of "alienated labor", thus embarking on a new way of explaining human happiness from the human nature angle.

The acquirement of happiness is constrained by the structure of social relations and its institutional form. People's full possession of its essence, harvest happiness has its social and historical conditions, that is, a certain structure of social relations and its institutional form, it may not only for the pursuit of happiness to open up a broader space, but also may lead to the plight of people. Marx pointed out: "The nature of man is not an abstraction inherent in a single person, but in its reality, it is the summation of all social relations." "This shows that the human nature of the labor only in the real social relations in order to show its full historical significance, labor only in the specific, reasonable social relations structure and its system form can smoothly become the essence of human beings, happiness is only to live to contain all kinds of social relations, The specific social system form can be explored, happiness or happiness depends on the extent of the real social relations, depending on whether the specific social system can promote the full possession of its essence, the overall free development of human beings to provide more possibilities. In a certain sense, the reality of social relations structure and its institutional form reflect the people's well-being and survival status in depth. Marx summed up the human's happiness status as the social relations between man and man, so as to find the root of human misfortune ——— the relationship structure of capitalist society and its institutional form ——— laid the foreshadowing and found the correct way to obtain happiness, that is to eliminate the alienation by changing the irrational social relation structure and its system form.

Communism is the historical process of human happiness. Marx took the understanding of happiness as a historical process to realize people's better existence and development, and communism was the realistic representation of this historical process. In Marx's view, communism is not a fixed historical node, but an ongoing historical process, not the ultimate form of human society, not the end of history, but with the continuous development of history, "the elimination of the existing situation of the reality of the movement"; It is not an idealized "future", but a historical "moment" in which mankind realizes its complete liberation. "The real happiness of the people" is with the historical peer, in communism, communism, as "the positive sublation of human self alienation, is the real possession of human beings through people and for human beings", it is the real place where "the people's real happiness" is born. When we interpret communism as a historical process, we will abandon the false act of "rushing" or passively "waiting" for communism, but together with history to "create" communism realistically through social and historical practice. And then the effective means of acquiring happiness are clearly revealed, to obtain happiness and realize communism is the same road, that is, based on the current human development of the reality of the historical fetters, facing the inevitable human beings to achieve the imminent future, the transformation of the human nature and human differences in the capitalist relationship structure and institutional form, Then captures the historical moment that the human essence completely reverts to the person.

In short, Marx's understanding of happiness is to dissolve the alienation of human and its essence in the irrational social relation structure and its system form, and to regain the essence of human beings in the process of realizing the essential power of human beings, and then to liberate people from the oppressed, enslaved and despised suffering world. To create a form of survival that is conducive to the all-round and free development of human beings and to pursue the "realistic happiness of the people" in the historical itinerary of "creating" communism.

Marx's view of ecology is to realize its contemporary appearance in a form of philosophy based on the theory of modern ecological civilization, and the nature of Marx's nature is the basic meaning of this philosophical foundation. When we reflect the ecological crisis with this view of nature, at the philosophical level, the ecological dilemma that people face can be fundamentally dispelled. Thus, human beings begin to truly move towards ecological civilization. Marx's ecological View mainly contains the following three aspects.

Man is nature, nature is man, man is the same as nature. Marx's view of nature is the core content of his ecological concept. Marx believed that the human and the nature had the original intrinsic correlation, the human and the nature on the ontological level is the same existence thing, also is to say that "the human is the nature existence as well as the nature to human beings as human existence". This makes Marx not only break through the separation of human and nature "two-yuan theory", but also higher than the nature of the human beings have the first in the so-called "one-yuan theory" more thorough, more ecological means. First of all, from the perspective that nature is the object of human nature, man is nature, and man makes himself human through nature. Marx understood the relationship between subject and object as a main body through the object of its essential power to the object, then through the object to show, to confirm their own essence of the "object relationship", and this "object-related relationship" is achieved through the free and conscious labor. According to this logic, Marx puts forward that "people are directly natural beings." ...... In other words, people can express their own lives only by the realistic and perceptual objects. Nature is the manifestation of man, to confirm their "object", only through the free and conscious labor to realize it as a "natural existence", can realize its as "class existence", only through free and conscious labor to realize its "nature of human nature", can realize its "class essence". In a word, man relies on nature to make himself human. Secondly, from the only human nature is to the real, realistic nature of the visual angle, nature is the human, is the human "another to the perceptual existence of the person." Marx thought, completely divorced from the human nature of human beings is not a perceptual reality of nature, this kind of nature is conceptualized, abstract, to the human beings simply do not exist in nature, only "in human history, that is, the formation of human society in the process of nature, is the reality of human nature; Through industrial ——— Although the form of alienation ——— nature, is the real, anthropological nature. It is in this sense that nature has made itself a kind of human existence through human beings, and nature has made itself a meaningful and social existence for human beings through this kind of human form. Thus "nature, as it is not human body, is the inorganic body of Man", "nature is the human body that must be in constant interaction with it in the process of not dying." People through nature to become people themselves, nature through people to become human beings, people become organic nature, the natural world has become an inorganic human body, caring for nature is to care for human beings themselves, destroying nature is the human mutilation.

Human and nature are the same only in the specific structure of social relations and its institutional form can be realized. Marx believed that the human and the nature must have the certain social relations structure and the system form as the precondition condition, namely "only in the society, the human's natural existence to him is the human nature existence, and the nature for him only then becomes the human". In the view of Marx's historical materialism, the ecological relationship between man and nature depends on the relationship between man and man, and the structure of certain social relations and its system form, once formed through social and historical practice, will have a decisive influence on the relation between man and nature in its time. The relationship between human and nature in different social systems is fundamentally different. Thus, Marx successfully opened the ecological view of historical materialism, advocated the social system containing the production mode to find the root of the ecological crisis, and improved the relationship between man and nature by changing the relationship between man and man, thus transcending the green utopian ecological governance model of "eco-centric", The author tries to make a fundamental backwash to the delusion of the ecological salvation of human society through self-examination of the human values dimension.

Communism is the historical process of realizing human and nature. The ecological relation between man and nature is actually the historical process of the continuous realization and continuous generation of the harmonious social relationship between man and man, or the historical process of realizing the same person and nature is the historical process of mankind's liberation. Marx believes that the relationship between man and man and the ecological relation between man and nature are always in the dynamic unity of mutual restriction, in the capitalist society in which people are oppressed, the relationship between man and nature is separated and different, and in the communist societies that have realized the liberation of man, the relationship between man and nature is the same and harmonious. Communism as a historical process of the continuous realization of human emancipation, at the same time is also a higher level, the realization of the original relationship between man and nature, that is, human and nature in the same historical process, "This kind of communism, as the completion of the naturalism, equal to humanitarianism, and as the completion of the humanitarian, equal to Naturalism, It is a real solution to the contradictions between man and nature, between man and man.

In a word, Marx's ecological view is the core of human and nature, and the ecological relationship between man and nature is summed up as the social relation of man and man, revealing the ecological nature of the capitalist system, and putting forward a way of transforming capitalist system in "creating" In the course of the history of communism, the realization of human liberation is also the way to realize the ecological civilization of nature liberation.

Put Marx's theory of happiness and ecological view in one place, we can find that Marx's understanding of "happiness" and "ecology" in the content of internal penetration, so that we have the opportunity to follow the Marxist theory of happiness and ecological view of the analysis of the ecological well-being of the idea, and to the Chinese people today to explore ecological well-being guidance maze.

Marx put forward the essential connotation of ecological happiness in the dimension of human nature, and helped the contemporary Chinese to sketch out what the ecological happiness they should pursue. The essence of happiness in Marx's eyes is the full possession of man to its essence, that is, people can freely and consciously work, that is, people in accordance with a kind of human way to survive, and Marx man and nature of the same ecological logic of the establishment of the people only through the object of the nature to occupy their essence, people only as a "natural existence" can become " The existence of class ", only through nature can people survive in a human way." In a word, one can only reap happiness by "nature". Therefore, in the context of Marx, ecological happiness is essentially the total possession of the essence of human beings through the same person and nature. It is a kind of living form, which embodies human nature and ecology, while confirming that it is a "natural existence" and therefore a "kind of existence thing". This kind of person's new existence sample state, takes the human and the nature the same ecological logic as confirms the human life form the intrinsic basis and the necessary link, it enables a person to return to the nature of the process of human freedom, it completed the humanitarian nature of the ethical concern, the realization of naturalism for human ecological reversion, It adds an ecological dimension to the enrichment and perfection of human nature and the all-round and free development of human beings.

想要了解更多英国留学资讯或者需要英国代写,请关注51Due英国论文代写平台,51Due是一家专业的论文代写机构,专业辅导海外留学生的英文论文写作,主要业务有essay代写paper代写、assignment代写。在这里,51Due致力于为留学生朋友提供高效优质的留学教育辅导服务,为广大留学生提升写作水平,帮助他们达成学业目标。如果您有essay代写需求,可以咨询我们的客服QQ800020041

51Due网站原创范文除特殊说明外一切图文著作权归51Due所有;未经51Due官方授权谢绝任何用途转载或刊发于媒体。如发生侵犯著作权现象,51Due保留一切法律追诉权。

我们的优势

  • 05年成立,已帮助上万人
  • 24小时专业客服
  • 团队成员都毕业于全球著名高校
  • 保证原创,支持检测

英国站