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Essay代写:Enterprise Investment Risk Control

2017-10-12 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:Essay代写范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Enterprise Investment Risk Control,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了企业投资风险管控。企业投资是企业发展的重要决定因素,正确的投资可以扩大企业规模、产生稳定的投资收益以及显著增强企业在市场中的竞争力。随着市场竞争的不断深入发展,企业投资显得尤为重要,同时投资风险也相伴而生。如何正确规避风险,切实保证投资风险管控工作的有效实现,是企业在投资工作中需要尤其注意的重要问题。

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In this paper, on the basis of a brief overview of the investment risk of enterprises, the specific problems existing in the enterprise investment are analyzed concretely, and on this basis, the concrete enterprise investment risk control measures are analyzed and probed, which provide reference for the actual investment risk control work of the state-owned enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises.

Enterprise investment is an important determinant of enterprise development, the right investment can enlarge enterprise scale, produce stable investment income and enhance the competitiveness of enterprises in the market. With the continuous development of market competition, enterprise investment is particularly important, while investment risks are accompanied by. How to evade the risk correctly and ensure the effective realization of the investment risk control work is an important problem that the enterprise needs to pay special attention to in the investment work.

The enterprise investment has the diversification characteristic, the investment choice success has the important significance to the enterprise development. The classification and adjustment of investment is advantageous to the control of investment and the effective control of investment risk. In general, investments can be categorized according to different criteria. According to investment target, investment is divided into industrial investment and capital investment, according to investment direction, investment is divided into internal investment and foreign investment. The diversification of investment is beneficial to the enterprises in the combination of their own reality, multi-channel access to income, at the same time, also means that more risk exists.

Investment risk can be divided into two types: system and non-system. Systemic risk is universal, and its emphasis is on the investment risk caused by the change of various indexes in macro level. The system risk is difficult to evade, has the very strong objectivity, such as the inflation, the financial crisis and so on all belongs to the system risk. Non-systematic risk more performance as individual attribute, have strong subjectivity, can use relevant measures to dissolve control, therefore, is the enterprise carries on the investment risk control direction and the focal point.

At present, there are various problems in the process of enterprise investment in our country, which have negative influence on the enterprise development and investment risk control. The outstanding problems are as follows:

The profit is the enterprise pursues goal and the development guarantee. Therefore, in the fierce market competition, enterprises exist a serious blind expansion of investment behavior. Many enterprises in the pursuit of high profits, in the absence of rational analysis of the situation, to the unfamiliar industry to try to invest in order to achieve expansion of business scope, to seek high returns. Some enterprises in the investment, seriously ignoring the actual situation, blindly carried out across the region, the industry investment behavior, thus greatly increasing the risk of investment risks.

Enterprise management lacks sufficient risk awareness in investment. In the face of today's competitive market situation, many enterprises still do not establish a complete risk concept in time, in the investment lack of adequate risk control and early warning awareness. In the work of financial management, there is disorder in order, which leads to the lack of detailed data in financial management, and the problems of defect and lag in the work of enterprise management decision-making. Weak risk awareness will become an important factor hindering the development of enterprises, so there are all kinds of hidden risks in the process of enterprise investment. In the face of investment risk, the lack of adequate risk management and early warning mechanism of enterprises can not achieve real contingency adjustment, resulting in loss of investment and failure, not only will weaken the benefits of enterprises, or even the development of the entire enterprise will bring disastrous blows.

With the rapid development of economic globalization, many enterprises in the market competition in the active position, are trying to carry out diversified business model, so as to reduce the risk of investment to ensure the smooth operation of enterprises. However, in the actual situation, some enterprise management in the investment management lack of adequate scientific guidance, so that the investment process is blindness and efficiency is not high. In the process of enterprise investment, we should use the scientific management idea to manage the investment project, carry on the strict management and control work on the Fund, quality, progress and safety of the project, and do a good job in every link. The lack of a complete scientific management concept of enterprises will directly lead to the lag of management level, resulting in chaos in the investment process, the project can not operate normally, so that profit margins far lower than investment expectations, in financial management caused by serious risk burden, and even lead to corporate losses, a serious financial crisis.

Before undertaking the investment work, the enterprise needs to formulate the detailed investment development strategy and the plan, strengthens the strategic guidance function. This includes: the investment environment and the scale of the practical macro-analysis work, understand the candidate investment industry and the market environment of the project, to avoid the existence of extreme monopoly in the project, the selection of moderately competitive industry to invest. At the same time, enterprises should correctly evaluate their own strength, and ensure the accurate and reliable direction of investment. Enterprise managers need to fully grasp the market share, market demand and other information to ensure that the investment is safe and accurate, and effectively avoid the emergence of investment risk. In terms of investment size, it is necessary to ensure a clear control of the size of the investment. In view of the lack of scale benefits prevalent in enterprises, enterprises need to reasonably enlarge the scale of investment in order to reduce the operating costs of enterprises and ensure that enterprises can effectively reduce the risk of investment while ensuring the scope of financial risk.

In the state-owned enterprises, the investment projects need to be selected and decided by the scientific and democratic decision-making process. The investment project needs to carry on the feasibility analysis research, the important project needs to employ the outside expert to carry on the appraisal decision. In the process of decision-making, it is necessary to analyze the scientificity of capital investment and profit recovery, and to control the payback period. The managers of state-owned enterprises and the analysis and argumentation personnel need to analyze the feasibility of the enterprise technology and capital strength in the investment project objectively, and guarantee the correct choice of the investment project. As the core of the decision-making of the state-owned enterprises, the board of directors needs to make a practical and normative work on the decision-making process, and the board of Directors should finalize the conclusion, direction and concrete way of the investment analysis, and record the whole process to ensure the scientificity and objectivity of the decision. To prevent the negative influence of individual will and blind investment on the investment of State-owned enterprises.

Small and medium-sized enterprises need to understand the macro-environment of the market, study and analyze the changes of market environment, grasp the change trend and law, use the concrete measures to adjust the work, renew the financial management measures continuously, and improve the adaptability of the investment risk of small and medium-sized enterprises. At the same time, constantly improve the financial management system, by strengthening the financial staff business quality, improve financial management efficiency and other ways to ensure that the financial management system efficient and stable operation.

The early warning work of investment risk needs to be based on the internal and external information resources, according to the factors which have important influence in the enterprise investment, set up some indexes which can cause the fluctuation of the enterprise investment, so as to guarantee the practical control work of the potential risk in the investment process. In the specific early warning mechanism, it is necessary to ensure the completeness of early warning organization, so that it can guarantee the efficiency and lasting function of early warning work. In the aspect of risk information, it is necessary to strictly carry out statistical collection of data, and to find out the potential investment risk effectively under the precondition of effective analysis. The risk information system needs to remain open and smooth, thus providing the enterprise management with real-time accurate information guarantee. At the risk analysis level, it is necessary to ensure the rationality of the analysis, to ensure that the enterprise can discover the initial characteristics of the investment risk, and to make the specific response measures, to effectively transfer or evade the investment risk and reduce the loss of investment.

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