英国essay论文精选范文：“British tea culture”，这篇论文讨论了英国的茶文化。大约在十七世纪中叶，中国的茶叶开始传入英伦三岛，很快便成了英国人最喜爱的饮料之一。英国人饮茶，一般分早茶、下午茶以及会间茶等。还出现了以饮茶品茗为媒介的诸种社交活动，如茶会、茶舞会等。在诸种英伦茶俗中，影响最大的是英国的下午茶。英国人在饮下午茶时，相邀亲朋好友围案而坐，品茗聊天，渐成风气。
About the middle of the seventeenth century, Chinese tea began to spread to the British Isles, soon became the British one of the favorite drinks.
However, the tea is how the successor to the British Isles? This has no way to check. There is a saying: China's tea is first spread to India, and then gradually from India to Britain. 17th century British businessmen, sailors from the East back when they like to bring back a few packets of "strange leaves" to gift friends and relatives. From the British East India Company's trade data, in 1644 began to appear tea records. However, the scholars believe that the Sino-British large-scale tea trade, is benefited from a by the Americans in 1833 invented the rapid galleon. Because this fast and fast clipper for the East-West trade provides a large volume, large-scale transactions possible. However, tea into the British consumer market is not smooth sailing. In the middle of the seventeenth century the wind of tea drinking rose rapidly. So that the UK's other beverage industry is threatened, the British government due to the reduction of alcohol business tax revenue and unhappy.
1675 King Charles II cafe to become a gathering place for rioters, announced the prohibition of anyone to open a coffee shop or selling tea, coffee, chocolate and so on. But this law has aroused the indignation of the people, and finally did not really rigorously enforce it. It is interesting to note that although Charles II had forbidden legislation, his wife, Queen Catherine, had married several British boxes of Chinese tea as part of her dowry, thereby enabling the Queen to become the first of the British royal family Advocate people who drink tea. The first time in the history of the British tea into the law, so that citizens of tea activities protected by the law is the beginning of the 20th century, when the Liberal Party Government Commerce Minister, Mr. Churchill. Churchill had allowed workers to enjoy the right to work between the tea as a social reform of the content, so that all walks of life staff, every afternoon in the afternoon to enjoy the statutory 15-minute tea break. So far, in the UK, any company for staff to prepare an electric kettle, cup, tea and milk. Major institutions, large enterprises are equipped with tea room to prepare for the afternoon break when employees use tea.
For over 300 years, tea has played an important role in the development of British life and history and culture, and gradually formed a variety of interesting customs and rules. British tea, the general sub-head of tea, morning tea, tea between the workers, afternoon tea and tea between the meeting and so on. Also appeared to tea tea as the media of various social activities, such as tea, tea party. But also a special kind of tea waiting for the new career, "tea mother" and specifically to taste the tea taste of the professional experts, "tea division." On the tea, the British in life are to follow such a rule: just wake up in the morning, a couple of the first to the general will be a cup of tea to his wife or husband's bed, drink and then get up. Therefore, the British women in social occasions will use this word to boast of her husband: my husband every day to me a cup of fragrant and delicious bedside tea. Even stay in the hotel or hospital patients get up when the sick can also enjoy the waiter or nurse sent the bedside tea, people can feel the deep family affection and not have a sense of loneliness.
In all kinds of British tea customs, the greatest impact is the British afternoon tea. British afternoon tea is evolved from the afternoon tea. At first, because some aristocrats feel the time between lunch and dinner is too long, so at 2 o'clock in the afternoon soaked black tea, add milk and sugar and accompanied by a small candy to solve hunger. So when you drink tea, relatives and friends to sit around the case and sit, tea chat, becoming a trend. Now afternoon tea, usually in three or four hours of work time. In the taste of tea, the British love to drink flavored tea, that is, tea with red water, then add such as orange slices, roses, jasmine, made of the so-called Earl black tea, rose tea, mint tea and jasmine tea, whiskey Black tea, jam black tea, honey tea and so on. The British in the process of tea is generally the first tea on the wash of porcelain or silver teapot in boiling water soak, and then filter the filter to the residue, leaving tea juice. Tea, the first cup to pour a little milk, and then into the tea juice, add sugar and other things. In the British home guest, tea by the hostess when the sugar plus, if you want to drink, you have to ask the hostess down to show respect for the hostess.
For nearly three centuries, the tea in the UK produced a lot of anecdotes, such as the British tea mother like the Chinese tea house, like Dr. tea, but also specifically for the customer tea and service. However, this specialized occupation of the United Kingdom are served by a woman, all known tea mother. Legend has it that the tradition of tea mothers originated from a steward wife of the East India Company more than 300 years ago. At that time the company every time by her tea service, and later her work mode has become a tradition for three hundred years. It is said that the early 20th century, the development of the electronics industry because of the emergence of automatic tea machine, the East India Company in order to reduce expenses, decided to withdraw tea mother of the post, replaced by the machine. This reform cannot think of actually caused public outrage, the major companies had to restore tea mother system. On the tea, there is an interesting story.
According to reports, in 1987, the United Kingdom by the hurricane, a town of wire was wind scraping, cannot use electric teapot. A female councilor will use the local home travel kerosene furnace with a barrel of boiling water, carrying a bucket to a home to send a water tea. Her move, so that she was in the township election victory. The votes obtained were much larger than those of certain Members who gave a general campaign speech. There is also a joke about drinking tea. In a gun confrontation between the two armies, the gun was in full swing, suddenly came to a halt. Asked why? Answer: to tea time, shooting stopped. The original soldiers of both sides to drink tea. When I saw this joke, only as a general information to excerpt in the notes, and later saw a British TV series "Crisis", which is a British engineer during the World War II bombing in London adventure story. Although, the Germans cast a time bomb or unexploded dud, at any time may explode. But one to tea time, engineering or according to drink is not mistaken. This shows that the British confrontation when the war against the war tea drinking is a factual background. It can be said. The joke made a good footnote to the fact that the British were addicted to tea.
More than five thousand years of Chinese tea culture created like tea Lu Yu, Cha Dai Zhang Dai, and many other tea fans. Nearly three hundred years of British tea culture also cultivated a group of love tea, such as the life of the tea to. Like the famous British tea merchants Edward Bramer is one of them. Bramer in tea in Malawi in 1950, and later moved to London to become a professional tea division and tea brokers. He is in the tea business, but also love tea culture, like collecting teapots and tea-related folk culture. Finally in 1990, in the United Kingdom on the banks of the River Thames on London Avenue built a tea coffee museum. Mr. Bramer on China's Zisha tea with a soft spot, in 1985, China Yixing customizing a large teapot, the tea pot can be a cup of tea eight hundred, can be described as a world-class level enough Big teapot.