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留学生在essay写作中的常见错误

2018-09-28 | 来源:51due教员组 | 类别:写作技巧

由于用语习惯的问题,留学生在写作essay的时候经常会不经意地犯一些小错误,从而被扣分。这些小错误看起来不太重要,但真的非常影响教授的打分,所以同学们想拿高分的话,就必须把这些错误的写作习惯改正过来。今天51due代写平台就来看看同学们有哪些需要改正的写作习惯。

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逗号之后字母大写

可能会有同学问:真的会出现这种低级错误吗?其实一点不夸张。比如:

Despite a fall in the value of the pound, The UK economy remained strong.

正确的是什么,想必无需我多说了。

AndBut做句首

尽管在一般的写作中,andbut做句首是完全没有问题的。可到了essay写作这儿,难免会让老师觉得,你的作文很乏味,很单调,很屌丝。

比如:

The government should decrease the price of train travel. And car tax should be increased.

更加合理的写法是:

The government should decrease the price of train travel. As well as that, car tax should be decreased.

又或者:

The government should decrease the price of train travel, and car tax should be decreased.

使用模糊的数字表达

这绝对是习惯造成的典型问题,“大约,左右,有些,差不多,等等”这样的表达在我们中文十分常见,可要是出现在你的作业里,就会让老师觉得不够严谨,

比如:

This essay will offer some reasons why sports education in schools is important.

合理的写法是:

This essay will offer two reasons why sports education in schools is important.

前后句子内容重叠

不得不说,如果你的文章里出现这个问题,那么你的代词应该没怎么学好。

比如:

One advantage of an increase in the number of people who exercise is a lowering of the obesity rate. When people exercise more, the number of obese people falls. Therefore, regular exercise can cut obesity.

更合理的写法是:

One advantage of an increase in the number of people who exercise is a lowering of the obesity rate. When people exercise, their bodies burn more calories than when they are sedentary. These calories are taken from the bodys fat stores. Thus, when there is an increase in the amount of physical activity, more people burn through their body fat, causing the rate of obesity to fall.

用词错误

单词使用的精确性,以及前后句子语境,是造成用词错误的主要原因。有些表达仅适合正式的写作,而有些则不。

比如:

Due to a terrible rise in the unemployment rate, over a million people now sadly rely on unemployment benefits.

合理的写法是:

Due to a large rise in the unemployment rate, over a million people now rely on unemployment benefits.

very用法不准确

very出现在你的essay里,难免会让考官觉得你有些:懒。有N多个比very好用的单词,可以使得句子更贴切,更富内涵,更形象生动。

比如:

In 1918, there was a very high inflation rate.

合理写法:

In 1918, there was an extremely high inflation rate.

或者:

in 1918, the inflation rate was the highest in British history.

文中使用问句

有些“杠精”会说,有些范文里不是用了问句吗?难道我就不能用?嗯...你说得对,你想用就用,我建议理智的学生,尽量不要使用问句。就像高考作文里,你写一句:难道这么浅显的道理你都不懂?你想老师看到怎么想。

相比问句,你也有100种可以改变它的方法,

比如:

How can the government decrease pollution?

你可以写:

Citizens are asking how the government can decrease pollution.

无力的形容词

除了词穷,和懒惰,没法彻底解释这个错误的原因。比如:nice, good, bad这些看似正确,实际却没有办法展现描述作用的形容词,都是应该彻底避免的。

比如:

Seoul is a good city for tourists.

可以改为:

Seoul has a lot of facilities for tourists.

轻易地使用Get

get通常多见于口语表达,因为有太多更精准的动词可以替代它。

比如:

The CEO was hospitalised after he got pneumonia.

可以改为:

The CEO was hospitalised after he caught pneumonia.

又或者:

Traditionally, children get presents from their parents on Christmas Day.

可以改为:

Traditionally, children receive presents from their parents on Christmas Day.

毫无意义的重复

这个错误有点类似中文里的,凯旋归来。凯旋原本就有胜利归来的意思。再加归来,这个“回”的动作就重复了。

比如:

Students should learn and study English from a young age.

可以改为:

Students should study English from a young age.

又比如:

Americans from the United States have higher rates of lung cancer.

可以改为:

People from the United States have higher rates of lung cancer.

使用个人经历作例子

看到这儿,“杠精”又要跳出来了,只能用想到个人经历做例子了,难道不行吗?当然没有问题,但记住哪怕使用个人例子,你也要把语气调整到正式的环境下。

比如:

My parents frequently work late in order to make ends meet, and this has a big impact on the amount of time I get to communicate with them.

改为:

My parents today are working longer hours in order to sufficiently provide for their children, which is having an enormous impact on the amount available time for face to face communication.

表达过于冗长

怎么判断句子写的冗长?很简单,把句子里单词一个个去掉,看哪些去掉后,意思不变就代表这个词多余了!

举个例子:

Even if employees engage in their jobs for a long time, they often fail to climb the business ladder, which is regularly the most common goal, therefore, they must face the harsh reality of staying in the same position for years.

改为:

Even if employees stay in one job for a long time, they will often fail to climb the business ladder.

不使用连接词

连接词,除了让句子语气更通顺,还有个好处,是让读者可以提前判断句子之间的逻辑关系。

比如:

Mexicans will prefer Madrid as their most visited city. Americans will most likely go to Paris. Canadians love traveling to Istanbul the most.

改为:

To begin with, Mexicans will prefer Madrid as their most visited city. In contrast, Americans will most like to go to Paris. Lastly, Canadians love traveling to Istanbul the most.

不使用高级词汇

这个与你积累单词有很大关系,同义词的用法是最佳扩展方法。动词,形容词,词组搭配是最容易扩展的。

比如:

Recent research done by Harvard University shows that 65% of Americans work more than 50 hours a week.

改为:

Recent research conducted by Havard University shows that 65% of Americans work more than 50 hours a week.

以上就是关于留学生essay写作的常见错误,希望同学们在以后的写作中都能注意到这些细节,养成一个良好的写作习惯,潜移默化的提高写作水平。

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